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Cathilean [CTL]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 1,285 words
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Cathilean
Caþàren
[kaˈθa:ren]
Registered by Egil on 7 October 2015
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Cathilean Cathilean is ths language spoken in the kingdom of Cathilea in my conworld Igamarea. Its sound is based on Welsh and Finnish, but the orthography is based on Irish. The grammar is as far as I know not based on anything.

Some grammatical features:
  • Fluid-S aligniment
  • Polysynthetic
  • Topic-comment word order
  • Head-first
  • 17 cases, 4 declensions and 2 numbers, however, only the first and the second declension are declined for number
  • A kind of complicated orthography
  • Adjectives can be attached directly to the noun they describe, or they can stand alone after. However, in the latter case, it has to agree with the noun in terms of both case and number.
  • A LOT of morphophonolgical prosesses, featuring both umlaut and consonant lenition.
  • Relative clauses are adjectivized
  • Complementizer clauses are nominalized by making a coumpound noun of the object and the nominalized verb, and put it in possession of the subject (e.g. "That I eat an apple" becomes "The apple-eating of mine")
  • A LOT of derivational affixes that can be used productively to form new words, or to carry grammatical information:

    mMighytonniþadhea
    m=
    DEFDefinite
    "the"
    =
    migh-
    kind-
    Ø-
    VBZVerbaliser
    converts N, ADJ etc into verb
    -
    et-
    CAPCapability (mood)
    'can'
    .ADJZAdjectiviser (syntax)
    turns word into adjective
    Ø-
    VBZVerbaliser
    converts N, ADJ etc into verb
    -
    o-
    NMZNominaliser
    makes other word a noun
    -
    nneþ-
    2SSecond person singular (person)
    addressee (you)
    .POSSPossessive (case)
    = GEN
    -
    ad-
    like.VBZVerbaliser
    converts N, ADJ etc into verb
    -
    ea
    1SFirst person singular (person)
    speaker, signer, etc.; I
    .PRESPresent Tense (tense)
    current

    I like that you can be kind, I like the [be-kind]able-being of yours.
Sample of Cathilean[view] Nìtaigh auoþòbh, Eòniun Ngaionualli.

You know nothing, Jon Snow.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
ngainomeunnnsnowflake
urþ-vexpect
Sound samples in Cathilean
Some sound samples of Cathilean. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Ricquiurðainen Æmrannencquinaie chuaeviðinn. Manaeði qoìnn? Ðèa cqueoheli foebhdaennyriðmàrilen. ...
The North Wind and the Sun were disputing which was the stronger, when a traveler came along wrapped...
Language family relationships
Language treeIsolates
 ⤷ Isolate languages
  ⤷ Old Cathilean
   ⤷ Middle Cathilean
    ⤷  Cathilean
[view] About IsolatesThis is a family for isolate languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPalatalLabio-
velar
Velar
Nasal m m:     n n: [ɲ]1 [ɲ:]2   ŋ
Plosive p b     t d     k kʷ g gʷ
Fricative   f v θ ð s [ç]3   x xʷ
Lateral approximant       l l: [ʎ]4 [ʎ:]5    
Approximant         j w  
Flap       ɾ      
  1. Before /j/, allophone of /n/
  2. before /j/, allophone of /n:/
  3. Before e and i, allophone of /x/
  4. allophone of /l/
  5. Before /j/, allophone of /l:/
VowelsFrontCentralNear-
back
Back
Close i i: y y:     [u]1
Near-close     [ʊ]2  
Close-mid e e:     o o:
Mid   [ə]3    
Open-mid   ɜ ɜ:    
Open   ä ä:    
Polyphthongs äi̯ æi̯ ei̯ eʊ̯ äʊ̯ oi̯
  1. At the end of words, after /e/, /i/ or /y/, allophone of /w/
  2. Inserted between a consonant and /ɾ/ at the end of a word, or inside a word if it is a compund
  3. Inserted to prevent restricted consonant clusters
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Cathilean. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 CathileanOrthography
Aa/ä/Àà/ä:/Ææ/e/Æ̀ æ̀/e:/Èè/e:/Ìì/i:/Ðð/ð/Òò/o:/Ùù/y:/Þþ/θ/Bb/b/
Cc/s/, /k/CH ch/x/Dd/d/Ee/e/Ff/f/Gg/g/Hh//Ii/i/Ll/l/Mm/m/Nn/n/
NG ng/ŋ/Oo/o/Pp/p/Qq/k/Rr/ɾ/Ss/s/Tt/t/Uu/y/Vv/v/Yy/ɜ/Ỳ ỳ/ɜ:/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Noun morphology
    how to conjugate and use nouns in Cathilean
    30-Jul-17 18:12
    Phonology and Orthography
    General phonology and morphophonology
    23-Mar-17 17:18
    LotM - Oct 16: Cathilean
    Happy Ngauodhibh and congratulations to Egil's Cathilean: ou...
    16-Oct-16 22:03
    Old Cathilean to Cathilean
    Sound changes!!
    11-Oct-16 09:16
    Caþþùdhvèr / Cathyverism
    The major religion of the Cathileans
    10-Aug-16 08:41
    Syntax and Sentences
    How to create sentences in Cathilean
    27-Jun-16 10:32
    Verb Morphology
    How to use and decline verbs
    22-Jun-16 10:53
    Typological information for Cathilean

    Definite articleAffix used
    Morphological typologyPolysynthetic
    Morphosyntactic alignmentFluid-S
    Noun head-directionalityHead initial
    Number of nominal casesEight cases or more

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