cws
Greetings Guest
home > profile > view_language
Ghibalbian [GHB]
3▲ 3 ▼ 0
Typology Progressing 395 words
[view flag info]
Ghibalbian
Ghebāllbakȳra
[ɣe.ˈbɑːl.lbɑ.ˈkyː.rɑ]
Registered by Sam Munroe on 8 March 2016
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Ghibalbian The Ghibalbian language is a member of the Central Vegaran language family, and was historically spoken in the United Colonies of Gheba from 105,383 to 92,999 BCE. It has an intricate inflectional system and phonology.
Sample of Ghibalbian[view] Ofēnesseda vebāpa, / Klorinȳistȳvy kyreādonūnusvuž. / Senwēsistēve murekeriǵinȅnësvuž. / Edȳistȳvy opalēnesvuž sene eōja vebāpa. / Seda-kondōstōz scleninȅnësseda sco-scelodźānasseda; / Cas seda-kondonāfelyrāstāz afešcainisseda, sene kondonāfelyrānözeda sēdanāqa afešcīǵainisseda. / Cas cettȁptȁs opalebenāwa, ca seda-daošñacirōstōs mȅstśë. / ...[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
kežñaaleǵītevassassinate
kežñaadpafter
Language family relationships
Language treeCentral Vegaran
 ⤷ Proto-Central Vegaran
  ⤷ Vegan
   ⤷ Old Phalogan
    ⤷ Vepālan/Old Ghibalbian
     ⤷ Imperial Ghibalbian
      ⤷  Ghibalbian
[view] About Central VegaranThe Central Vegaran languages are a language family originally hailing from the central plains on the continent of Vegara on the planet Ghēba. Their proto-language is Proto-Central Vegaran, a reconstructed language spoken likely between 119,000-121,0...
[view] Ghe-sīnaq Ghebāllbakȳra (New Ghibalbian)New Ghibalbian is the descendant of Imperial Ghibalbian spoken in the United Colonies of Earth in the Milky Way Galaxy since AD 2330. Its' grammar is based on a simplification of the Imperial declensional paradigm and a partial retention of its' conjugations, both caused by Green Worlder influence. Its' phonology features a less extensive palatalization than Green Worlder Ghibalbian or Vespan, but more so than Imperial Ghibalbian.
[view] Vepālakȳra (Old/Imperial Ghibalbian)Imperial Ghibalbian, being the ancestor of both Vespan and New Ghibalbian, was once spoken in much the same area that is occupied by the United Colonies of Earth today. It is the original Ghibalbian language. It features an extremely complex declensional and conjugational system for nominals and verbs, a preponderance of long vowels, a high degree of thematicalization and standardization, and much less palatalization than most of its' descendants.
[view] Véspakȳra (Vespan)It is the descendant of Imperial Ghibalbian spoken in the Andromeda galaxy in the region of the Delian Spur in Vespalian Federation space. Its' vocabulary is strongly divergent from but comprehensible to New Ghibalbians. Several cases have different functions and there are minor differences in syntax and conjugation, but it is largely comprehensible to New Ghibalbian speakers. The name derives identically from Véspa, a poetic synonym for Vespālia.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
Alveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvular
Nasal m m: m:ʲ mʲ   n n:     ɲ ɲ:   ŋ ŋ: [ɴ]1 [ɴ:]2
Plosive p [p:]3 [p:ʲ]4 pʲ b bʲ   t [t:]5 d     c [c:]6 ɟ   k [k:]7 g [q]8 [q:]9 [ɢ]10
Fricative [ɸ]11 [β]12 [β̞]13 f fʲ v vʲ s s̻14 s: z ʃ ʒ ɕ ʑ ç ʝ   x ɣ (χ)15 (ʁ)16
Affricate     t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ t͡ɕ d͡ʑ     [k͡x]17 [g͡ɣ]18  
Lateral approximant     l l:     [ʎ]19 [ʎ:]20      
Approximant           j w    
Trill     r           [ʀ]21
Flap     ɾ            
  1. Occurs before a velar and /ɑ/ , allophone of /n/
  2. Occurs before a velar and /ɑ/, allophone of /n:/
  3. Allophony is determined by syllable stress, allophone of /b/
  4. Allophony is determined by syllable stress, allophone of /bʲ/
  5. Allophony is determined by syllable stress, allophone of /d/
  6. Allophony is determined by syllable stress, allophone of /ɟ/
  7. Allophony is determined by syllable stress, allophone of /g/
  8. Occurs only in contact with /ɑ/, allophone of /k/
  9. Occurs only in contact with /ɑ/ as a replacement for geminate /k/, allophone of /k/
  10. Occurs only in contact with /ɑ/, allophone of /g/
  11. intervocalic only, allophone of /fʲ/
  12. intervocalic only, allophone of /v/
  13. word-initial and prevocalic, allophone of /w/
  14. Disappearing, often conflated with /ʃ/
  15. Occurs only in contact with /ɑ/, allophone of /x/
  16. Occurs only in contact with /ɑ/, allophone of /ɣ/
  17. occurs only as the second part of a consonant cluster, allophone of /x/
  18. occurs only as the second part of a consonant cluster, allophone of /ɣ/
  19. Occurs only in contact with front vowels, allophone of /l/
  20. Occurs only in contact with front vowels, allophone of /l:/
  21. Occurs only before uvular consonants, allophone of /ɾ/
VowelsFrontBack
Close i i: y y: u u: ũ
Close-mid ø ø:  
Mid e̞ e̞: o̞ o̞:
Open-mid [ɛ]1 ɔ ɔ: ɔ̃
Near-open æ æ: æ̃  
Open [ɶ]2 [ɶ:]3 ɑ ɑ: [ɒ]4 [ɒ:]5
Polyphthongs ʏi ʏʉ ui ɔɪ o̞ɪ øo̞ œu io̞ o̞ɑ
ɛɪ e̞o̞ e̞o̞: ɑu ɪu øʏ ɛu eu ɑe̞ ɑi æɪ
æe̞ eɑ eɑ:
  1. allophone of /e̞/
  2. allophone of /ɔ/
  3. allophone of /ɔ:/
  4. allophone of /ɔ/
  5. allophone of /ɔ:/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Ghibalbian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 GhibalbianOrthography
Aa/ɑ/AE ae/ɑe̞/AI ai/ɑi/AU au/ɑu/Ãã/æ̃/Ää/æ/ÄE äe/æe̞/ÄI äi/æɪ/Çç/ç/Ëë/ø/ËO ëo/øo̞/
ËU ëu/œu/ËY ëy/øʏ/Ññ/ɲ/ÑÑ ññ/ɲ:/Õõ/ɔ̃/Öö/ɔ/, [ɶ], [ɒ]ÖI öi/ɔɪ/Bb/b/BJ bj/bʲ/Cc/c/CC cc[c:]1
CH ch/ç/Ǧǧ/ʝ/Ǵǵ/ɣ/, [ʁ]2Dd/d/DZ dz/d͡z/DŹ dź/d͡ʑ/DŽ dž/d͡ʒ/Ee/e̞/, [ɛ]EA ea/eɑ/EI ei/ɛɪ/EO eo/e̞o̞/
EU eu/ɛu/, /eu/EŌ eō/e̞o̞:/EĀ eā/eɑ:/Ȁȁ/æ:/Ȅȅ/ø:/Ȍȍ/ɔ:/, [ɶ:], [ɒ:]Ȳȳ/y:/Ff/f/, [ɸ]3FJ fj/fʲ/Gg/g/, [ɢ]4GǴ gǵ[g͡ɣ]5
GH gh/ɣ/Hh//Ii/i/IO io/io̞/IU iu/ɪu/Jj/j/Kk/k/, [q]6KK kk[q:]7, [k:]8KX kx[k͡x]9Ll/l/, [ʎ]10LL ll/l:/, [ʎ:]11
Mm/m/MJ mj/mʲ/MM mm/m:/MMJ mmj/m:ʲ/Nn/n/NG ng/ŋ/, [ɴ]12NN nn/n:/NNG nng/ŋ:/, [ɴ:]13Oo/o̞/OA oa/o̞ɑ/OI oi/o̞ɪ/
Pp/p/PJ pj/pʲ/PP pp[p:]14PPJ ppj[p:ʲ]15Qq/ɟ/Rr/ɾ/, [ʀ]16RR rr/r/Ss/s/SS ss/s:/Tt/t/TS ts/t͡s/
TT tt[t:]17TŚ tś/t͡ɕ/TŠ tš/t͡ʃ/Uu/u/UI ui/ui/Vv/v/, [β]18VJ vj/vʲ/Ww/w/, [β̞]19Xx/x/, [χ]20Yy/y/YË yë/yø/
YI yi/ʏi/YU yu/ʏʉ/Zz/z/Ōō/o̞:/Őő/ɔ:/Śś/ɕ/Šš/ʃ/, /s̻/21Ũũ/ũ/Ūū/u:/Źź/ʑ/Žž/ʒ/
Āā/ɑ:/Ēē/e̞:/Īī/i:/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. Allophony is determined by syllable stress
  2. Occurs only in contact with /ɑ/, loan words only
  3. intervocalic only
  4. Occurs only in contact with /ɑ/
  5. occurs only as the second part of a consonant cluster
  6. Occurs only in contact with /ɑ/
  7. Occurs only in contact with /ɑ/ as a replacement for geminate /k/
  8. Allophony is determined by syllable stress
  9. occurs only as the second part of a consonant cluster
  10. Occurs only in contact with front vowels
  11. Occurs only in contact with front vowels
  12. Occurs before a velar and /ɑ/
  13. Occurs before a velar and /ɑ/
  14. Allophony is determined by syllable stress.
  15. Allophony is determined by syllable stress
  16. Occurs only before uvular consonants
  17. Allophony is determined by syllable stress.
  18. intervocalic only
  19. word-initial and prevocalic
  20. Occurs only in contact with /ɑ/, loan words only
  21. Disappearing, often conflated with /ʃ/
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Intro to Ghibalbian
Just telling you a little bit about the history and structur...
10-Mar-16 01:33
Typological information for Ghibalbian

Copula droppingNone
Definite articleNone
Number of nominal casesEight cases or more
Morphological typologyAgglutinative

▼ More information ⇋ Compare
privacy | FAQs | rules | statistics | graphs | donate | api (indev)
Viewing CWS in: English | Time now is 16-Nov-19 22:16 | Δt: 199.4941ms