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Heláin [HLN]
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Heláin
Heláin
[hɛlɒjn̪]*
Registered by EllaHansen on 26 September 2016
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Heláin Heláin is the language spoken in the Telian Commonwealth (Let-Curéid Telian), a confederation of coastal states called fyrdlands (freanda). The Telian are known throughout the world for their maritime trade, their medicine, and their religion: the worship of one, most high god according to the teachings of the high priest, prophet, and lawgiver Tersas. Writings attributed to Tersas and his descendants form the core of Liturgical Heláin, the literary dialect with which this grammar is chiefly concerned.

Key features:
* ergative verbs
* verb-patient and noun-determiner word order
* sandhi (less euphonious clusters change to more euphonious ones)
* two tenses (past/non-past) and nine aspects/moods (no person/number on verbs)
* two genders (m/f), in the sg. only; also pl. and rare dual and collective
* five noun (substantive) cases, up to ten demonstrative cases
* no adpositions (their functions are handled by cases, demonstratives, and nouns)

NOTE: Grammar tables are a bit scrambled, esp. those for cluster-stem verbs; imperf. formation has been updated in the reference grammar but not in the tables.
Sample of Heláin[view] u tul, memindaŋgen coráv dhe, setetissa gupe, u teán finthan unamfiora teigellad susolivoras teteindaŋac avai melienas umfinithas eól evetra.

And then with a little shudder the elf became quite still, and his eyes were nothing more than great, glassy orbs sprinkled with light from the stars they could not see.
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Latest vocabulary
talethoinfertiliser
anthanfertile
teŋŋanratio
Sound samples in Heláin
Some sound samples of Heláin. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
u tul, memindaŋgen coráv dhe, setetissa gupe, u teán finthan unamfiora teigellad susolivoras teteind...
And then with a little shudder the elf became quite still, and his eyes were nothing more than great...
1. harren alle avos rosis istwinnen e’citir ista, istwín mu secusenned eól, mur avaienas istenitha. ...
1. More than the morning light which riseth anew, rise thou in our hearts, O worshipful god of all ...
Language family relationships
Language treeIsolates
 ⤷ Isolate languages
  ⤷  Heláin
[view] About IsolatesThis is a family for isolate languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialDentalAlveolarPalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m       ŋ  
Plosive p b       k g  
Fricative ɸ β θ ð s       h
Lateral approximant     l        
Approximant       [j]1 ʍ    
Trill     r        
Flap     ɾ        
Blends
  1. before vowels, allophone of /jɛ/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralBack
Close [i]1     u
Near-close   ɪ    
Close-mid [e]2 e:      
Open-mid ɛ   ɞ  
Open     ä  
Polyphthongs ɒj ɞj
  1. before vowels and r, allophone of /ɪ/
  2. before vowels and r, allophone of /ɛ/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Heláin. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 HeláinOrthography
ah
a
a
/ä/
oh
o
o
/ɞ/
uh
u
u
/u/
E
e
eon
/ɛ/, [e]1
I
i
ion
/ɪ/, [i]2
yh
ye
ye
/jɛ/
h
h
levea
/h/
w
hw
hwa
/ʍ/
l
l
el
/l/
r
r
or
/ɾ/
n
n
en
/n̪/
t
t
te
/t̪/
d
d
de
/d̪/
j
th
eth
/θ/
q
dh
edha
/ð/
k
ŋ
/ŋ/
c
c
ce
/k/
g
g
ge
/g/
m
m
em
/m/
p
p
pe
/p/
b
b
be
/b/
f
f
ef
/ɸ/
v
v
eva
/β/
s
s
es
/s/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. before vowels and r
  2. before vowels and r
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Bits and Pieces
Links to Heláin-related forum activity
15-Aug-19 01:53
Cultural Terminology
Kinship, weights and measures, the calendar, and more.
20-May-18 03:30
RGLH, Part II: Orthography, Phonology, Morphology
The alphabet, rules of sandhi, forms, and more.
10-Mar-18 03:20
LotM - Jan 18: Heláin
Let's start off the 2018 right with Hélain!
28-Feb-18 02:49
RGLH, Part III: Syntax
Aspect and tense; case, number, and gender; phrases, clauses...
30-Dec-17 05:16
Inaiyora
The Sacred Laws of Tersas
30-Dec-17 04:20
How to Use the Heláin Dictionary
Dictionary principles, sound changes, abbreviations, etc.
14-Dec-17 16:37
A Reference Grammar of Liturgical Heláin, Introduction
The scope of the grammar; a brief history of Heláin, its scr...
02-Oct-16 21:55
Typological information for Heláin

Morphological typologySynthetic
Morphosyntactic alignmentErgative/Absolutive
Verb head-directionalityHead initial
Script typeAbugida

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