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Lakaal [LAKAL]
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Typology Progressing 188 words
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Lakaal
Laka:l
[jæˈkæːl]
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 22 February 2023
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersLakaal is spoken by a population of around 100,000,000 in Ka:biko.
Species Human/humanoid
About Lakaal Laka:l (also written Lakaal) is the national language of Ka:biko. It is one of the official languages of the archipelago. Laka:l is a lingua franca, utilizing the vocabulary and grammar structures of the eight major languages across the nation. It is used mostly in legislation, advertising, signage, and other public works. Most residents only use it as a secondary language, preferring to speak regional languages at home. The number of diaspora speakers of Laka:l has been steadily increasing with increased migration to Earth.
Sample of Lakaal[view] Razhra’o nga tdi Lakaal.

I speak English
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
ta'ooiyes
ta'ooptcaffirmation particle
'inoorptcnegation marker
Language family relationships
Language treeLaka:go
 ⤷  Proto-Rakago
  ⤷  Lakaal
[view] About Laka:goA language family that encompasses the languages of the Ka:biko archipelago, the Guharu islands, and the islands between them.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialDentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarGlottal
Nasal m   n     ŋ  
Plosive p b   t d     k g ʔ
Fricative   ð s z ʃ ʒ   x ɣ h ɦ
Affricate       d͡ʒ      
Lateral approximant     l        
Approximant         [j]1    
Trill     r        
Flap     [ɾ]2        
Blends
  1. allophone of /l/
  2. allophone of /d/
VowelsFrontBack
Close i i:1  
Close-mid   o o:2
Near-open æ æ:3  
  1. Also written as <i:>
  2. Also written as <o:>
  3. Also written as <a:>
Syllable StructureThe syllable structure of Laka:l is (C)V(C).

All consonants are allowed in the onset.

There are three polyphthongs (blends): [pɾ] /pd/, [kɾ] /kd/, and [gɾ] /gd/.
Historically, [tɾ] was also a polyphthong, but evolved into the single phoneme [ð] /td/.
All polyphthongs are only allowed in the onset.

The consonants [m], [n], [ŋ], [ʔ], and [ɦ] must occur intervocalically.

[ð], [dʒ], and [ɦ] are always forbidden from the coda.
[s], [ʃ], [x], [h], [ɦ], and [ʔ] are forbidden from the coda if the preceding vowel is long.

All vowels can be used in the nucleus but vowels cannot be adjacent to each other.

Consonant clusters bridging two syllables at the same place of articulation cannot occur.
Stress information1. Stress can be found on the first syllable with an elongated vowel

2. If there is a glottal stop at the end of the world, stress is on the final syllable

3. Otherwise, stress is on the penultimate syllable
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Lakaal. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 LakaalOrthography [edit]
AA aa/æ:/1II ii/i:/2OO oo/o:/3Aa/æ/Ii/i/Oo/o/Pp/p/PD pd/pɾ/Bb/b/Tt/t/TD td/ð/
Dd/d/Kk/k/KD kd/kɾ/Gg/g/GD gd/gɾ/'/ʔ/Mm/m/Nn/n/NG ng/ŋ/Rr/r/Ll/l/
Ss/s/Zz/z/SH sh/ʃ/ZH zh/ʒ/Xx/x/XH xh/ɣ/Hh/h/HH hh/ɦ/Jj/d͡ʒ/
✔ Shown in correct order [change]
  1. Also written as <a:>
  2. Also written as <i:>
  3. Also written as <o:>
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Ka:lzhi
Information on the Ka:lzhi peoples.
05-Jun-23 05:49
Typological information for Lakaal

Base counting systemOctal (8)
Morphosyntactic alignmentAustronesian alignment
Primary word orderVSO

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