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Proto-Botiq [PBQ]
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Typology Progressing 1,205 words
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Registered by [Deactivated User] on 19 January 2020
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Proto-Botiq
Tar met dažim!
/tʰar met ˈdaʒim/

Proto-Botiq is the ancestor of the  Early-Botiq ,  Classical-Botiq, and other languages. The name Botïq means mountain man.

  • Moderately analitic
  • Head final
  • Two gender/class: Animate, Inanimate
  • SOV word order, but it has animacy hierarchy
  • Front-back vowel harmony
  • Sample of Proto-Botiq[view] Dorbot tïk ražnyar, won xäntšužïl džlür.

    Everybody knows the moon’s made of cheese.
    [view all texts]
    Latest vocabulary
    ižiladvto several places
    ižžiladvfrom several places
    Language family relationships
    Language treeBotiq
     ⤷  Proto-Botiq
    Nasal m n   ɲ   [ŋ]1 [ɴ]2    
    Plosive p [pʰ]3 b t [tʰ]4 d   ɟ   k [kʰ]5 g q [qʰ]6 ɢ    
    Fricative ɸ β s z ʃ ʒ ʝ     χ [ʁ]7 ħ  
    Affricate   t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ           t͡ɬ d͡ɮ
    Lateral approximant   l              
    Lateral fricative   ɬ ɮ              
    Approximant       j w        
    Trill   r              
    1. after back vowels, and before /k/ or /g/, allophone of /n/
    2. allophone of /n/
    3. allophone of /p/
    4. allophone of /t/
    5. allophone of /k/
    6. allophone of /q/
    7. allophone of /r/
    Close i y ɯ u
    Close-mid e o
    Open a ɑ
    Syllable StructureThe basic syllable structure is (C)V(C), where C could be any consonant. In PBQ words can not end, or begin with consonant clusters. Internal consonant clusters are allowed up to two consonants.

    Cluster of voiced and unvoiced consonants are not allowed. The second consonant must assimilate to the first one. Voiced after unvoiced turns into unvoiced. Unoiced after voiced turns into voiced.
    Stress informationPenultimate
    Other/r/ turns into /ʁ/ after /q/,/ɢ/,/χ/, and back vowels.

    /q/,/ɢ/,/χ/ can not occour before front vowels. They turn into /k/,/g/,/kʰ/.

    Before back vowels /k/,/g/,/kʰ/ turns into /q/,/ɢ/,/χ/.

    Unvoiced obstruments such as /p/,/t/,/k/,/q/ become aspirated in word initial position followed by a vowel, and at the end of an consonant cluster if followed by a vowel.

    Nasal consonants after back vowels turn into /ŋ/ except if followed by a bilabial, alveolar, or uvular plosive.

    Nasal consonants before bilabial plosives (/p/, /b/) turn into /m/

    Nasal consonants before alveolar plosives (/t/, /d/) turn into /n/

    Nasal consonants before velar plosives (/k/, /g/) turn into /ŋ/

    Nasal consonants before uvular plosives (/q/, /ɢ/) turn into /ɴ/
    Below is the orthography for Proto-Botiq. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
     Proto-BotiqOrthography [edit]
    Aa/a/Ää/ɑ/Bb/b/Dd/d/DY dy/ɟ/DŽ dž/d͡ʒ/DZ dz/d͡z/DŽL džl/d͡ɮ/Ee/e/Ff/ɸ/
    Pp/p/Qq/q/Rr/r/Ss/s/Šš/ʃ/ŠL šl/ɬ/Tt/t/TS ts/t͡s/TŠ tš/t͡ʃ/TŠL tšl/t͡ɬ/
    Üü/y/Uu/u/Vv/β/Ww/w/Xx/χ/Yy/j/Zz/z/Žž/ʒ/ŽL žl/ɮ/
    ✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
      Typological information for Proto-Botiq

      Copula droppingNone
      Noun numbersSingular/Plural
      Morphological typologyAnalytical
      Polar question markingInverted word order
      Pronoun dropping?No

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