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Neo-Tocharian [TOCHB]
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Typology Functional 1,772 words
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Neo-Tocharian
Kwxíññe Këntwo
[kʷˈɕiɲːɛ ˈkəːn̺d̺wɔ]
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 26 October 2022
Language type A posteriori
Place & SpeakersNeo-Tocharian is spoken in Kucha.
Species Human/humanoid
About Neo-Tocharian
Kwxíññenze ostwáñec swákatam!

 Neo-Tocharian is a project that intends to somewhat faithfully reconstruct the Tocharian (B)/Kuchean language in a modern context. A large majority of the complexities of the original Tocharian B are kept intact such as:
  • Masculine, Feminine and Neuter/Alternans genders, which affect the inflection of adjectives and certain determiners
  • 7 noun classes
  • 12 verbal present and subjunctive classes, and 6 preterite classes
  • Active, mediopassive and causative distinction

However there are a few amendments that simplify or change certain parts of the language
  • Simplification of the imperative verbal forms and the vocative nominal forms
  • Simplification/standardization of verbal stress rules (however nominal stress rules are still unchanged)
  • Introduction of neuter nominal ending '-u'
Sample of Neo-Tocharian[view] Tañ marcáru sutërxane própily amók túnze nésän.

Your cat has a beautiful profile picture.
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Latest vocabulary
orózza mácerngrandmother
orózze pácerngrandfather
epëstyeadjcapable
Language family relationships
Language treeIndo-European
 ⤷ Proto-Indo-European
  ⤷ Tocharian
   ⤷ Tocharian B
    ⤷  Neo-Tocharian
[view] About Indo-EuropeanThis family tree includes only the main branches and the branches that are too small to be shown separately. See separate main branches for further detail.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
RetroflexAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m       ɲ   ŋ  
Plosive p [b]1 [d̺]2       c [ɟ]3   k kʷ [g]4  
Fricative [β]5 ʃ [ʂ̺]6 ɕ [ç]7     (h)
Affricate   t͡s̺              
Lateral approximant         ʎ      
Approximant           j w    
Trill   r              
  1. allophone of /p/
  2. allophone of /t̺/
  3. allophone of /c/
  4. allophone of /k/
  5. allophone of /p/
  6. allophone of /ʃ/
  7. allophone of /ɕ/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i   [ɨ]1   u
Near-close   [ɪ]2   [ʊ]3  
Close-mid e       o
Mid     [ə]4 ə:    
Open-mid [ɛ]5       [ɔ]6
Open     ä    
Polyphthongs ew äj ej oj əw əj
  1. unstressed, allophone of /ə:/
  2. unstressed, allophone of /i/
  3. unstressed, allophone of /u/
  4. unstressed, allophone of /ä/
  5. unstressed, allophone of /e/
  6. unstressed, allophone of /o/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Neo-Tocharian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Neo-TocharianOrthography [edit]
Aa
[ə]1
Áá
ey
/ä/
Ää
[ɨ]2
Ii
[ɪ]3
Íí
áy
/i/
Uu
[ʊ]4
Úú
yu
/u/
Ee
[ɛ]5
Éé
i
/e/
Ëë
íshwa
/ə:/
Oo
[ɔ]6
Óó
ow
/o/
Kk
key
/k/, [g]
NG ng
énge
/ŋ/
Cc
si
/c/, [ɟ]
Ññ
éñe
/ɲ/
Tt
ti
/t̺/, [d̺]
Nn
en
/n̺/
Pp
pi
/p/, [β], [b]
Mm
em
/m/
Yy
wáy
/j/
Rr
ár
/r/
Ll
el
/l̺/
LY ly
élye
/ʎ/
Ww
wáw
/w/
Xx
éksa
/ɕ/, [ç]
SH sh
esh
/ʃ/, [ʂ̺]
Ss
es
/s̺/
Zz
zet
/t͡s̺/
Hh
heic
/h/7
✔ Shown in correct order [change]
  1. unstressed
  2. unstressed
  3. unstressed
  4. unstressed
  5. unstressed
  6. unstressed
  7. loan words only
Typological information for Neo-Tocharian

Adposition head-directionalityHead final
Adjective agreementNumber, class, and case
GendersMasculine/Feminine/Neuter
Morphological typologyFusional
Primary writing systemBasic Latin

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