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Tarvelian [TVL]
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Typology Progressing 2,118 words
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Tarvelian
Ҭа́рвок
[ˈȶʌrvɔk]
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 11 January 2020
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Tarvelian Redux of a language for my NS nation, Tarvelia.

Some Characteristics:
-Phonemic stress
-Lack of true open vowels
-Complex consonant clusters (comparable to those of Slavic languages)
-OSV word order (an evident favorite of mine)
-Nominal and pronominal gender
-Subject-verb agreement pertaining to person, number, and gender
-Four verb tenses (infinitive, past, present, future)
-Unmarked aspect depending on tense (with tenses having an"assumed aspect")
-Three verb voices (passive, middle, and active), with active being unmarked
-Core vocabulary hinting at Nostratic origin, with moderate-to-strong phoneme correspondences
-High lexical density, and would be spoken at a more relaxed pace than English
Sample of Tarvelian[view] Вуциогеже́ чу́гы думи́ һꝕ́зиһс лыз.

Richly colored bears still sleep through winter.
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Latest vocabulary
вуци́advlavishly
тети́advwrongly
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarRetroflexAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularGlottal
Nasal m   n   ȵ     ŋ    
Plosive p b   t d [ʈ]1 ȶ ȡ     k g    
Fricative   (f)2 v s z ʂ ʐ ɕ ʑ       χ ʁ3 ɦ
Affricate     t͡s ʈ͡ʂ t͡ɕ          
Lateral approximant     l              
Lateral fricative     ɬ ɮ              
Approximant           4 w      
Trill     r              
Blends ks ps kv ru
  1. allophone of /t/
  2. In loanwords, colloquially pronounced /v/.
  3. Maybe realized as an approximate in many situations.
  4. Alveolo-palatal
VowelsFrontBack
Close i y ɯ u
Open-mid ɛ œ ʌ ɔ
Stress informationStress may fall on any of the last three syllables of a morpheme, and is marked in the languages morphology.
OtherThe voiceless stops and affricates can undergo gemination, which are realized as pre-voiced plosives.

а́тта (átta) is pronounced /ˈʌdtʌ/, етче́ (etché) is /ɛˈdtʃɛ/. In my dictionary these geminates will be transcribed with the IPA voicing mark: IE, /p̬/ in stead of /bp/, /t̬/ in stead of /dt/, and so on.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Tarvelian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 TarvelianOrthography [edit]
Аа
а
/ʌ/
Бб
бе
/b/
Вв
ве
/v/
Гг
ге
/g/
Ӷӷ
ге дунты́
/ȡ/
Дд
де
/d/
Ее
е
/ɛ/
Ёё
ё
/œ/
Жж
же
/ʐ/
Җҗ
же дунты́
/ʑ/
Зз
зе
/z/
Ҙҙ
зе дунты́
/ɮ/
Ѳѳ
ѳе
/ɬ/
Ии
и
/i/
Йй
и арйопюле́
/j̟/1
Кк
ка
/k/
Лл
ел
/l/
Мм
ем
/m/
Нн
ен
/n/
Ңң
ен дунты́
/ȵ/
Ҥҥ
ҥе
/ŋ/
Ӡӡ
ӡе
/ks/
Оо
о
/ɔ/
Пп
пе
/p/
ꟼҁ
ҁу
/kv/
Рр
ер
/r/
Ꝕꝕ
ер йопюле́
/ru/
Сс
ес
/s/
Тт
те
/t/
Ҭҭ
те дунты́
/ȶ/
Уу
у
/u/
Ўў
у арйопюле́
/w/
Фф
еф
/f/2
Хх
ха
/χ/
Ѱѱ
ѱе
/ps/
Һһ
һа
/ɦ/
Цц
це
/t͡s/
Чч
че
/ʈ͡ʂ/
Ҷҷ
че дунты́
/t͡ɕ/
Шш
ша
/ʂ/
Щщ
ща дунты́
/ɕ/
Ыы
ы
/ɯ/
Ы̆ ы̆
ы арйопюле́
/ʁ/3
Юю
ю
/y/
✔ Shown in correct order [change]
  1. Alveolo-palatal
  2. In loanwords, colloquially pronounced /v/, loan words only
  3. Maybe realized as an approximate in many situations.
Typological information for Tarvelian

Base counting systemDuodecimal (12)
GendersMasculine/Feminine
Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Morphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusative
Primary word orderOSV

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