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Zaginai [ZGN]
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Typology Progressing 102 words
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Zaginai
gui zaginai
[ɣui t͡saʝinai]*
Registered by Robyn Kolozsvari on 29 August 2016
+ shared with: RobynK
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersZaginai is spoken by a population of around 220,000 in the Lintang.
Species Human/humanoid
About Zaginai Zaginai, or gui ζaginai, is the language of the Ginai people (ginai). They control the majority of the Lintang, which contains incredibly fertile farmland. Its phonology is somewhat similar to the North Zalintang languages due to areal effects, particularly contact with  Rhanakya. It is the primary language of spoken in the Lintang, with minority populations in the Rhana region.
The Lintang is, of course, part of the Céakali. As an Akalic province, it was known as Yaílintang; this name has been adapted to Zalintang, and the republic which has governed the region since the fall of the Akalic Republic is referred to as the Gui Ciaciilintangi. The Gui Ciaciilintangi claims the Lintang and the mountains surrounding it as its territory, but the Southern Plateau is effectively stateless, instead being run by the traditional Gimaal tribes. The Gimaal have successfully defended their lands against several attempts at invasion by the Gui Ciaciilintangi.
Sample of Zaginai[view] nii rinibiica.

I am very tired.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
raunman
lainclaw
lhauninskin
Language family relationships
Language treeZalintang
 ⤷  Proto-Zalintang
  ⤷ South Zalintang
   ⤷ Ginan
    ⤷  Zaginai
[view] About ZalintangMajor pre-Akalix languages of the West, still spoken in Rhana, Ginai, and large swaths of the Akalic South. Connected to the Gobi-Raimak languages in the Lintang-Raimak macrofamily.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalVelarUvularGlottal
Nasal m     n n̥   [ɲ]1 (ŋ)    
Plosive p [pʰ]2 [b]3     t [tʰ]4 [d]5   [c]6 [cʰ]7 [ɟ]8 k [kʰ]9 [g]10   ʔ
Fricative   f v θ ð s [ɕ]11 [ç]12 [ʝ]13 x ɣ    
Affricate       t͡s [t͡ɕ]14        
Lateral approximant       l          
Lateral fricative       ɬ          
Trill       r r̥       ʀ ʀ̥  
Blends k͡s p͡s
  1. allophone of /ŋ/
  2. allophone of /f/
  3. allophone of /v/
  4. allophone of /θ/
  5. allophone of /ð/
  6. allophone of /k/
  7. allophone of /x/
  8. allophone of /ɣ/
  9. allophone of /x/
  10. allophone of /ɣ/
  11. allophone of /s/
  12. allophone of /x/
  13. allophone of /ɣ/
  14. allophone of /t͡s/
VowelsFrontBack
Close i i: u u:
Open a a:  
Polyphthongs ai au
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Zaginai. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 ZaginaiOrthography
Cc/ʔ/Tt/t/TH th/θ/, [tʰ]Dd/ð/, [d]Pp/p/PH ph/f/, [pʰ]Bb/v/, [b]PS ps/p͡s/Kk/k/, [c]KH kh/x/, [kʰ], [cʰ], [ç]
Gg/ɣ/, [g], [ɟ], [ʝ]Xx/k͡s/Ss/s/, [ɕ]Ff/f/1Vv/v/2Jj/x/3Ĝĝ/ɣ/4Þþ/θ/5Ðð/ð/6Zz/t͡s/, [t͡ɕ]
Ll/l/LH lh/ɬ/Mm/m/MH mh/m̥/Nn/n/NH nh/n̥/Ŋŋ/ŋ/7, [ɲ]Rr/r/RH rh/r̥/Ŕŕ/ʀ/
ŔH ŕh/ʀ̥/Aa/a/AA aa/a:/Ii/i/II ii/i:/Uu/u/UU uu/u:/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. In Rhanakyan loanwords
  2. In Rhanakyan loanwords
  3. In Rhanakyan loanwords
  4. In Rhanakyan loanwords
  5. In Rhanakyan loanwords
  6. In Rhanakyan loanwords
  7. loan words only
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Ginan Relative Clauses
How relative clauses work in Zaginai and Zagimaal
14-Nov-18 22:43
Zaginai WALS Values
All the applicable WALS values for Zaginai
14-Nov-18 22:25
Zaginai Reflexives and Reciprocals
How reflexives and reciprocals work in Zaginai
22-Jun-18 01:31
Possession in Zaginai
Different types of possession in Zaginai, particularly genat...
22-Jun-18 01:28
Borrowings from Old Rhanakya to Old Zaginai
General statements about how Old Rhanakya words were borrowe...
22-Jun-18 01:16
Lessons (1)
1Lesson #1
Typological information for Zaginai

Morphological typologyFusional
Morphosyntactic alignmentFluid-S
NasalsNasal stops only
Primary word orderHierarchical
Script typeAlphabet

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