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Periphery numbers
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Number forming, ordinals, fractions, indefinite and subjective numbers, etc.
This public article was written by juxlus, and last updated on 4 Dec 2016, 06:20.

[comments] Menu 1. Introduction 2. Basic, cardinal numbers 3. Ordinal numbers 4. Other number types 5. Number punctuation 6. Indefinite numbers 7. Number questions
[top]Introduction

Periphery uses a base-10 system. The numbers 0-9 have distinct words in the form CV. Higher numbers are made by stringing these together. There are various words for indefinite and subjective numbers (eg. many, enough). There is a "fraction-slash" word that has multiple uses. Combined with numbers it can express fractions. Combined with indefinite and subjective numbers it expresses concepts as "parts of a whole or set".

Numerals are generally incorporated into nouns, but can also be used by themselves.

[top]Basic, cardinal numbers

The basic numbers 0-9 are as follows:
PeripheryDigitEnglish
laa1one
quu2two
vii3three
ma4four
tse5five
qo6six
re7seven
jaa8eight
tii9nine
no0zero


Larger numbers are formed by stringing these root words together, either as separate words or joined into compound words. For example:

laa no or laano
one zero
1 0
ten

quu no qo jaa or quunoqojaa
two zero six eight
2 0 6 8
Two thousand and sixty eight

[top]Ordinal numbers

Ordinals are formed by prefixing zV-. The vowel repeats the following vowel, or may be omitted (which may alter the phonology).

PeripheryDigitEnglish
zaalaa or zlaa1stfirst
zuuquu or zquu2ndsecond
ziivii or zvii3rdthird
zama or zma4thfourth
zetse or stse5thfifth
zoqo or zqo6thsixth
zere or zre7thseventh
zaajaa or zjaa8theighth
ziitii or stii9thninth
zono or zno0thzero-eth
zaalaano or zlaano10thtenth
zaalaaquuvii or zlaaquuvii123rdone hundred twenty third


[top]Other number types

Multiplicative adverb numbers (once, twice, thrice, etc) are formed by adding -chii to a cardinal number root. Multiplier numbers (single, double, triple) are formed by adding -glii to a cardinal number root. Distributive numbers (singly, doubly, triply; four-at-a-time, five-by-five, etc) are formed by adding -po to a cardinal number root.
MultiplicativesMultipliersDistributives
laachiioncelaagliisinglelaaposingly
quuchiitwicequugliidoublequupodoubly
viichiithriceviigliitripleviipotriply
machiifour-timesmaglii"fourfold"mapofour-at-a-time, four-by-four
laanochiiten-timeslaanoglii"tenfold"laanopoten-by-ten


[top]Number punctuation

WordMeaning
tqapositive number, "+"
qnuunegative number, "-"
nqofraction-slash


Numerals can be prepended with tqa or qnuu to indicate positive or negative values. For example, qnuu laano or qnuulaano means "negative ten". They can also be used by themselves in cases such as "I have negative cakes".

The fraction-slash nqo can be inserted between numbers to form a fraction (vii nqo tse or viinqotse means 3/5). If no number is given before nqo the number "one" is assumed, so nqoquu is 1/2 or "half".

The fraction-slash can also be prepended before other number types, such as indefinite and subjective numbers. This expresses an "of a whole" sense. Examples: nqo vnaa or nqovnaa means "fraction-slash all" or "the whole of" or "all portions of"; nqo zra or nqozra means "fraction-slash a-few" or "a few (portions/parts/pieces) of".

[top]Indefinite numbers

Indefinite numbers come in several forms. There is a six step spectrum of terms ranging from no/none through several, most, etc, to all/every. The English translations are not meant to be exact but rather to give a sense of the scale involved:

WordMeaning
vnaaall, every, each
vriialmost all, most
vnaemany
qseseveral, some
zraa few, few
vnono, none


These words can generally be used anywhere a number can be.

These indefinite numbers can be appended with -chii, -glii, or -po, to make multiplicative adverbs, multiplier adjectives/adverbs, and distributive numbers, in indefinite forms. For example: qsechii "several times"; vnaeglii, "many-fold"; and zrapo, "few at a time".

They can also be prepended with qnuu (negative sign), and tqa (positive sign), as well as nqo (fraction sign), as described above. For example, nqovrii tul or nqovriitul means "most of the city".

[top]Number questions

Any number-type word can be replaced with xuu to form a number question. This word asks a "fill in the blank" question and can be answered with a number word. For example: xuu tuluts? or xuutuluts? "how many cities?". Answers might include: tse "five", or nqoquu "half", or vnae "many", etc.
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