Periphery numbers

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*Number forming, ordinals, fractions, indefinite and subjective numbers, etc.*

*This*

**public**article was written by**juxlus**, and last updated on 4 Dec 2016, 06:20.[comments] pphnumbersnumeralsgrammar

[top]Introduction

Periphery uses a base-10 system. The numbers 0-9 have distinct words in the form CV. Higher numbers are made by stringing these together. There are various words for indefinite and subjective numbers (eg. many, enough). There is a "fraction-slash" word that has multiple uses. Combined with numbers it can express fractions. Combined with indefinite and subjective numbers it expresses concepts as "parts of a whole or set".

Numerals are generally incorporated into nouns, but can also be used by themselves.

[top]Basic, cardinal numbers

The basic numbers 0-9 are as follows:

Periphery | Digit | English |
---|---|---|

laa | 1 | one |

quu | 2 | two |

vii | 3 | three |

ma | 4 | four |

tse | 5 | five |

qo | 6 | six |

re | 7 | seven |

jaa | 8 | eight |

tii | 9 | nine |

no | 0 | zero |

Larger numbers are formed by stringing these root words together, either as separate words or joined into compound words. For example:

**laa no**or

**laano**

one zero

1 0

*ten*

**quu no qo jaa**or

**quunoqojaa**

two zero six eight

2 0 6 8

*Two thousand and sixty eight*

[top]Ordinal numbers

Ordinals are formed by prefixing

**zV-**. The vowel repeats the following vowel, or may be omitted (which may alter the phonology).

Periphery | Digit | English |
---|---|---|

zaalaa or zlaa | 1st | first |

zuuquu or zquu | 2nd | second |

ziivii or zvii | 3rd | third |

zama or zma | 4th | fourth |

zetse or stse | 5th | fifth |

zoqo or zqo | 6th | sixth |

zere or zre | 7th | seventh |

zaajaa or zjaa | 8th | eighth |

ziitii or stii | 9th | ninth |

zono or zno | 0th | zero-eth |

zaalaano or zlaano | 10th | tenth |

zaalaaquuvii or zlaaquuvii | 123rd | one hundred twenty third |

[top]Other number types

**Multiplicative adverb numbers**(once, twice, thrice, etc) are formed by adding

**-chii**to a cardinal number root.

**Multiplier numbers**(single, double, triple) are formed by adding

**-glii**to a cardinal number root.

**Distributive numbers**(singly, doubly, triply; four-at-a-time, five-by-five, etc) are formed by adding

**-po**to a cardinal number root.

Multiplicatives | Multipliers | Distributives | |||
---|---|---|---|---|---|

laachii | once | laaglii | single | laapo | singly |

quuchii | twice | quuglii | double | quupo | doubly |

viichii | thrice | viiglii | triple | viipo | triply |

machii | four-times | maglii | "fourfold" | mapo | four-at-a-time, four-by-four |

laanochii | ten-times | laanoglii | "tenfold" | laanopo | ten-by-ten |

[top]Number punctuation

Word | Meaning |
---|---|

tqa | positive number, "+" |

qnuu | negative number, "-" |

nqo | fraction-slash |

Numerals can be prepended with

**tqa**or

**qnuu**to indicate positive or negative values. For example,

**qnuu laano**or

**qnuulaano**means "negative ten". They can also be used by themselves in cases such as "I have negative cakes".

The fraction-slash

**nqo**can be inserted between numbers to form a fraction (

**vii nqo tse**or

**viinqotse**means 3/5). If no number is given before nqo the number "one" is assumed, so

**nqoquu**is 1/2 or "half".

The fraction-slash can also be prepended before other number types, such as indefinite and subjective numbers. This expresses an "of a whole" sense. Examples:

**nqo vnaa**or

**nqovnaa**means "fraction-slash all" or "the whole of" or "all portions of";

**nqo zra**or

**nqozra**means "fraction-slash a-few" or "a few (portions/parts/pieces) of".

[top]Indefinite numbers

Indefinite numbers come in several forms. There is a six step spectrum of terms ranging from no/none through several, most, etc, to all/every. The English translations are not meant to be exact but rather to give a sense of the scale involved:

Word | Meaning |
---|---|

vnaa | all, every, each |

vrii | almost all, most |

vnae | many |

qse | several, some |

zra | a few, few |

vno | no, none |

These words can generally be used anywhere a number can be.

These indefinite numbers can be appended with

**-chii**,

**-glii**, or

**-po**, to make multiplicative adverbs, multiplier adjectives/adverbs, and distributive numbers, in indefinite forms. For example:

**qsechii**

*"several times"*;

**vnaeglii**,

*"many-fold"*; and

**zrapo**,

*"few at a time"*.

They can also be prepended with

**qnuu**(negative sign), and

**tqa**(positive sign), as well as

**nqo**(fraction sign), as described above. For example,

**nqovrii tul**or

**nqovriitul**means

*"most of the city"*.

[top]Number questions

Any number-type word can be replaced with

**xuu**to form a number question. This word asks a "fill in the blank" question and can be answered with a number word. For example:

**xuu tuluts?**or

**xuutuluts?**

*"how many cities?"*. Answers might include:

**tse**

*"five"*, or

**nqoquu**

*"half"*, or

**vnae**

*"many"*, etc.

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