1▲ 1 ▼ 0
Number forming, ordinals, fractions, indefinite and subjective numbers, etc.
This public article was written by juxlus, and last updated on 4 Dec 2016, 06:20.
Periphery uses a base-10 system. The numbers 0-9 have distinct words in the form CV. Higher numbers are made by stringing these together. There are various words for indefinite and subjective numbers (eg. many, enough). There is a "fraction-slash" word that has multiple uses. Combined with numbers it can express fractions. Combined with indefinite and subjective numbers it expresses concepts as "parts of a whole or set".
Numerals are generally incorporated into nouns, but can also be used by themselves.
[top]Basic, cardinal numbers
The basic numbers 0-9 are as follows:
Larger numbers are formed by stringing these root words together, either as separate words or joined into compound words. For example:
laa no or laano
quu no qo jaa or quunoqojaa
two zero six eight
2 0 6 8
Two thousand and sixty eight
Ordinals are formed by prefixing zV-. The vowel repeats the following vowel, or may be omitted (which may alter the phonology).
|zaalaa or zlaa||1st||first|
|zuuquu or zquu||2nd||second|
|ziivii or zvii||3rd||third|
|zama or zma||4th||fourth|
|zetse or stse||5th||fifth|
|zoqo or zqo||6th||sixth|
|zere or zre||7th||seventh|
|zaajaa or zjaa||8th||eighth|
|ziitii or stii||9th||ninth|
|zono or zno||0th||zero-eth|
|zaalaano or zlaano||10th||tenth|
|zaalaaquuvii or zlaaquuvii||123rd||one hundred twenty third|
[top]Other number types
Multiplicative adverb numbers (once, twice, thrice, etc) are formed by adding -chii to a cardinal number root. Multiplier numbers (single, double, triple) are formed by adding -glii to a cardinal number root. Distributive numbers (singly, doubly, triply; four-at-a-time, five-by-five, etc) are formed by adding -po to a cardinal number root.
|tqa||positive number, "+"|
|qnuu||negative number, "-"|
Numerals can be prepended with tqa or qnuu to indicate positive or negative values. For example, qnuu laano or qnuulaano means "negative ten". They can also be used by themselves in cases such as "I have negative cakes".
The fraction-slash nqo can be inserted between numbers to form a fraction (vii nqo tse or viinqotse means 3/5). If no number is given before nqo the number "one" is assumed, so nqoquu is 1/2 or "half".
The fraction-slash can also be prepended before other number types, such as indefinite and subjective numbers. This expresses an "of a whole" sense. Examples: nqo vnaa or nqovnaa means "fraction-slash all" or "the whole of" or "all portions of"; nqo zra or nqozra means "fraction-slash a-few" or "a few (portions/parts/pieces) of".
Indefinite numbers come in several forms. There is a six step spectrum of terms ranging from no/none through several, most, etc, to all/every. The English translations are not meant to be exact but rather to give a sense of the scale involved:
|vnaa||all, every, each|
|vrii||almost all, most|
|zra||a few, few|
These words can generally be used anywhere a number can be.
These indefinite numbers can be appended with -chii, -glii, or -po, to make multiplicative adverbs, multiplier adjectives/adverbs, and distributive numbers, in indefinite forms. For example: qsechii "several times"; vnaeglii, "many-fold"; and zrapo, "few at a time".
They can also be prepended with qnuu (negative sign), and tqa (positive sign), as well as nqo (fraction sign), as described above. For example, nqovrii tul or nqovriitul means "most of the city".
Any number-type word can be replaced with xuu to form a number question. This word asks a "fill in the blank" question and can be answered with a number word. For example: xuu tuluts? or xuutuluts? "how many cities?". Answers might include: tse "five", or nqoquu "half", or vnae "many", etc.