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Jutean [JUT]
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LotM Winner CWSP Lang Typology Progressing 5,036 words
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Jutean
tahivanet / tahivi a jute
[tɐhiʋɐnet tɐhiʋi ɐ jute]
Registered by Jute on 11 July 2015
+ shared with: Schyrsivochter
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSpoken in: JuteOfficial Ceci InaRegional BabylatiaRegional MlakenRegional Mermelia and LLilaRegional GaroheMinority TuyoMinority CongavalMinority
Species Human/humanoid
About Jutean
A language with Hawaiian-reminiscent phonology and typology with a sentence structure inspired by Tagalog and some ergative-absolutive languages, and some influences from a few other languages, like Mandarin and Japanese. Piraha and Tongan also provided some inspirations, even English did, and some other languages. Started out as a language developed for Jute to give the nation more depth with short texts in its own language.

Some features this language has, and some it lacks:

Compact phonology with just five base vowels and nine consonants (+ some allophones, and diphthongs)

Tagalog-like Austronesian alignment combined with a split ergativity inspired by English ergative verbs (such as to break, open, melt)

Various marked moods, such as Indicative, Imperative, Conditional, Subjunctive and Hortative.

No passive voice (triggers used instead), tense, number (except in some pronouns), articles or adjectives (nouns and verbs used)

Three genders, one for common/civilization-related words, one for abstract, immaterial, and most general, unknown or unknowable words, and one for all wilderness-related words, especially the rainforest and the ocean.

A sizeable number of personal pronouns, featuring four clusitivity distinctions, three/four numbers, three animacy distinctions and gendered inanimate prononus

There are also no possessive pronouns or genitive. Inalienable possession is indicated with "a", signifying "of" or "by", alienable possession with relative nominalization.
Sample of Jutean[view] Amelikanahehi, nuo todentiji asinditi me ta ma ajavi: hotitaio ta kiasaimaketi a ilhokohit a Lusiade kedoonif lomohe. Vuno ijoto fanafal tisolumivoti tonte vuhavafi a kiif.

My fellow Americans, I'm pleased to tell you today that I've signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
vi a oluminwork of art
vi a oluminartwork
mekanleather
Language family relationships
Language treeSaru-Asuran
 ⤷  Proto-Saru-Asuran
  ⤷  Proto-Sanju-Jutean
   ⤷ Proto-Jutean
    ⤷ Ancient Jutean
     ⤷  Middle Jutean
      ⤷ Reformed Jutean
       ⤷ Colonial-era Jutean
        ⤷  Jutean
[view] About Saru-AsuranA family on Sahar, ranging from the island of Jute and northern parts of Ystel, to Tuyo and Tuju.
[view] sitti (City Jutean)The variety spoken in the largest city of the island, Jute City. Has a lot more foreign loans and a tendency to shorten words, as well as a few grammatical peculiarities.
[view] Laini (Laina dialect)The Laina dialect retains some archaic words that have fallen out of use in the general language and other dialects and also has a slightly different regional pronunciation.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarGlottal
Nasal m m:   n n:     [ŋ]1  
Plosive     t t: d     k k:  
Fricative   f s [z]2 [ʃ]3     h
Lateral approximant     l l:        
Approximant   ʋ     j    
  1. at codas when followed by /k/, allophone of /n:/
  2. at syllable onsets before long vowels, allophone of /s/
  3. in a few dialects, allophone of /s/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i i:   u u:
Close-mid e e:    
Near-open   ɐ ɐ:  
Open [a:]1   ɑ ɑ: [ɒ:]2
Polyphthongs ɑi ɑe ie ui ue iu eu ei
iɑ iɑ: ɐu ɐi ɐe ɑu eeɑ
  1. in some dialects, allophone of /ɐ:/
  2. in some dialects, allophone of /ɑ:/
Syllable Structure(C)V(V)(V/C), though CVC, CVVC and particularly CVVV are used sparingly. CV or VC are preferred.

Consonant clusters can thus only appear at syllable boundaries, and only the geminations of /t/, /k/, /m/, /n/ and /l/ as well as two-consonant clusters starting with /n/, /m/ or /l/ are allowed.

VV are either long vowels or vowel diphthongs, and VVV are long diphthongs.
Stress informationMostly on the penultimate syllable, sometimes on the last syllable with a long vowel/diphtong, but it's not fixed and can also be used to emphasize a part of a word, for example the negating suffix '-l' or '-al'.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Jutean. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 JuteanOrthography
Aa/ɐ/Dd/d/Ee/e/Ff/f/Hh/h/Ii/i/Jj/j/Kk/k/
Ll/l/Mm/m/Nn/n/, [ŋ]1Oo/ɑ/Ss/s/Tt/t/Uu/u/Vv/ʋ/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. at codas when followed by /k/
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
CoWriMo: Short texts about Jute, written in Jutean
covering all sorts of topics from daily life, to romance, to...
29-Oct-19 20:29
Verbs in Jutean
A small, but strange linguistic creature
30-Jan-19 18:01
Syntax in Jutean
Overview of syntax in Jutean
30-Jan-19 17:56
Pragmatics
Various things about Jutean pragmatics
23-Jan-19 13:10
Pronouns and possession
Personal pronouns, demonstrative pronouns and an overview ov...
15-Jan-19 17:50
Greetings and common phrases
How to greet and be polite
05-Jan-19 13:53
Nouns and Adjectives (or the lack thereof)
A short overview
03-Jan-19 21:21
Derivational morphology 27-Dec-18 23:01
Typological information for Jutean

Base counting systemQuinary (5)
Noun numbersNo numbers
Morphosyntactic alignmentAustronesian alignment
Primary word orderVSO
Unmarked tenseNo tense

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