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Jutean [JUT]
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LotM Winner CWSP Lang Typology Progressing 6,072 words
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tahivanet / tahivi a net
[tɐhiʋɐnet tɐhiʋi ɐ net]
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 11 July 2015
+ shared with: [Deactivated User]
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSpoken in: JuteOfficial Ceci InaRegional BabylatiaRegional MlakenRegional Mermelia and LLilaRegional ThuyoMinority
Species Human/humanoid
About Jutean
A language with Hawaiian-reminiscent phonology and typology with a sentence structure inspired by Tagalog and some ergative-absolutive languages, and some influences from a few other languages, like Mandarin and Japanese. Piraha and Tongan also provided some inspirations, even English did, and some other languages. Started out as a language developed for Jute to give the nation more depth with short texts in its own language.

Some features this language has, and some it lacks:

Compact phonology with just five base vowels and nine consonants (+ some allophones, and diphthongs)

Tagalog-like Austronesian alignment combined with a split ergativity inspired by English ergative verbs (such as to break, open, melt)

Various marked moods, such as Indicative, Imperative, Conditional, Subjunctive and Hortative.

No passive voice (triggers used instead), tense, number (except in some pronouns), articles or adjectives (nouns and verbs used)

Three genders, one for common/civilization-related words, one for abstract, immaterial, and most general, unknown or unknowable words, and one for all wilderness-related words, especially the rainforest and the ocean.

A sizeable number of personal pronouns, featuring four clusitivity distinctions, three/four numbers, three animacy distinctions and gendered inanimate prononus

There are also no possessive pronouns or genitive. Inalienable possession is indicated with "a", signifying "of" or "by", alienable possession with relative nominalization.
Sample of Jutean[view] Amelikanahehi, nuo todentiji asinditi me ta ma ajavi: hotitaio ta kiasaimaketi a ilhokohit a Lusiade kedoonif lomohe. Vuno ijoto fanafal tisolumivoti tonte vuhavafi a kiif.

My fellow Americans, I'm pleased to tell you today that I've signed legislation that will outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in five minutes.
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Latest vocabulary
nuahosomanbanana tree
Language family relationships
Language treeSaru-Asuran
 ⤷  Proto-Saru-Asuran
  ⤷  Proto-Sanju-Jutean
   ⤷ Proto-Jutean
    ⤷ Ancient Jutean
     ⤷  Middle Jutean
      ⤷ Reformed Jutean
       ⤷ Colonial-era Jutean
        ⤷  Jutean
[view] About Saru-AsuranA family on Sahar, ranging from the island of Jute and northern parts of Ystel, to Lahan.
[edit] [view] sitti (City Jutean)The variety spoken in the largest city of the island, Jute City. Has a lot more foreign loans and a tendency to shorten words, as well as a few grammatical peculiarities.
Nasal m m:   n n:     [ŋ]1  
Plosive     t t: d     k k:  
Fricative   f s [z]2 [ʃ]3     h
Lateral approximant     l l:        
Approximant   ʋ     j    
  1. at codas when followed by /k/, allophone of /n:/
  2. at syllable onsets before long vowels, allophone of /s/
  3. in a few dialects, allophone of /s/
Close i i:   u u:
Close-mid e e:    
Near-open   ɐ ɐ:  
Open [a:]1   ɑ ɑ: [ɒ:]2
Polyphthongs eeɑ ei ɐe eu iu ie ɐu
ɑu iɑ iɑ: ɑe ɐi ue ui ɑi
  1. in some dialects, allophone of /ɐ:/
  2. in some dialects, allophone of /ɑ:/
Syllable Structure(C)V(V)(V/C), though CVC, CVVC and particularly CVVV are used sparingly. CV or VC are preferred.

Consonant clusters can thus only appear at syllable boundaries, and only the geminations of /t/, /k/, /m/, /n/ and /l/ as well as two-consonant clusters starting with /n/, /m/ or /l/ (barring /nl/, /nm/ and /ml/) are allowed.

VV are either long vowels or vowel diphthongs, and VVV are long diphthongs.
Stress informationMostly on the penultimate syllable, sometimes on the last syllable with a long vowel/diphtong, but it's not fixed and can also be used to emphasize a part of a word, for example the negating suffix '-l' or '-al'.
Below is the orthography for Jutean. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 JuteanOrthography [edit]
/n/, [ŋ]1
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
  1. at codas when followed by /k/
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Derivational morphology 12-Apr-22 13:12
CoWriMo: Short texts about Jute, written in Jutean
covering all sorts of topics from daily life, to romance, to...
16-Mar-22 01:17
PSJ sound changes 02-Dec-21 21:18
Verbs in Jutean
A small, but strange linguistic creature
26-Oct-21 20:19
Pronouns and possession
Personal pronouns, demonstrative pronouns and an overview ov...
16-Jun-21 16:23
Syntax in Jutean
Overview of syntax in Jutean
22-May-21 18:11
Nouns and Adjectives (or the lack thereof)
A short overview
09-Feb-21 00:11
Gloss of the History of Japan translation
literal translation, affixes etc.
12-Mar-20 00:04
Typological information for Jutean

Adjective agreementNo adjectives
Base counting systemQuinary (5)
Morphosyntactic alignmentAustronesian alignment
Primary word orderVSO

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