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Gfiewish [GFW]
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CWSP Lang Typology Progressing 1,030 words
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Registered by [Deactivated User] on 25 August 2016
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSpoken in: GfiewgjknsiorjgiostanOfficial SaantRegional Mermelia and LLilaRegional LufasaMinority TullachiaMinority
Species Human/humanoid
About Gfiewish Language of  Gfiewgjknsiorjgiostan. Inspired by Slavic and Nordic languages (and a bit Finnish), with some other things like three-way animacy and ergative-absolutive alignment added to make things more interesting.

Seven cases: Absolutive, ergative, genitive, dative, locative, instrumental, comitative

Other features: ablaut, head-final, SOV, copula and/or pronoun dropping, 4th person, singular and paucal as well as plural, "and" expressed with comitative, syllabic /ɭ/

Developed with some help by @alice and @Curlie
Sample of Gfiewish[view] Fes Srgfiewgjknsiorjgiosowna klot

I speak English
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Latest vocabulary
Language family relationships
Language treeYstelic
 ⤷  Proto-Ystelic
  ⤷  Proto-Gfiewic-Maponic
   ⤷ Proto-Gfiewic
    ⤷ Pre-Gfiewish
     ⤷ Old Gfiewish
      ⤷  Gfiewish
[view] About YstelicA large family of languages spoken on the continent of Ystel.
Nasal m mʷ m:   n nʷ n:     ɲ1      
Plosive     t tʷ t: d dʷ d:   [ʈ]2     k kʷ k: g gʷ3  
Fricative β βʷ f f: [v]4 [s]5 [sʷ]6 z [ʒ]7 ʂ ʂʷ ʝ ʝʷ   x h
Lateral approximant         ɭ        
Approximant     ɹ     [j]8 ʍ ʍ:    
Blends [ʝə]9 [jə]10 [ʒə]11 [gə]12 b̪v13
  1. becomes [n.j] when preceded by [ʝ]
  2. at the beginning of words or syllables, unless preceded by another retroflex or palatals, allophone of /t:/
  3. [ʒʷə] before palatal sounds
  4. after m and in the beginning or middle of consonant clusters, allophone of /βʷ/
  5. allophone of /ʂ/
  6. allophone of /ʂʷ/
  7. before vowel diphthongs and plosives, [ʒə] before palatals, allophone of /g/
  8. dialectal variation, allophone of /ʝ/
  9. before velars, plosives and consonant clusters with no [ʒ], allophone of /ʝ/
  10. before [ʒ], allophone of /ʝ/
  11. before palatal sounds, allophone of /g/
  12. if a retroflex sound follows immediately, allophone of /g/
  13. written 'bb'
Close         ɯ
Near-close   ɪ   [ʊ]1  
Close-mid     [ɘ]2   o
Mid     [ə]3    
Open-mid ɛ        
Near-open     [ɐ]4    
Open a        
Polyphthongs ɯə ɪʊ ʊə ɪə
  1. allophone of /ɯ/, allophone of /o/
  2. allophone of /ɛ/
  3. in most unstressed syllables, allophone of /ɛ/
  4. allophone of /a/
Stress informationStress typically falls on the first syllable, with few exceptions.
Below is the orthography for Gfiewish. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 GfiewishOrthography [edit]
Aa/a/, [ɐ]Bb/β/, [v]1Dd/d/Ee/ɛ/, [ə]2, [ɘ]Ff/f/Gg/g/, [ʒ]3Hh/h/Ii/ɪ/Jj/ʝ/Kk/k/Ll/ɭ/
Mm/m/Nn/n/Oo/o/, [ʊ]4Rr/ɹ/Ss/ʂ/, [s]Tt/t/, [ʈ]5Uu/ɯ/, [ʊ]Ww/ʍ/Xx/x/Zz/ʒ/6
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
  1. after m and in the beginning or middle of consonant clusters
  2. in most unstressed syllables
  3. before vowel diphthongs and plosives, [ʒə] before palatals
  4. allophone of /ɯ/
  5. at the beginning of words or syllables, unless preceded by another retroflex or palatals
  6. At the beginning of words or before single vowels
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Allophony rules explained
03-Jun-22 00:00
Assorted notes
Unsorted notes on the grammar of Gfiewish
29-May-22 20:44
Overview of the 15 states making up Gfiewgjknsiorjgiostan
Maps, introduction of geography, economy, population and inf...
31-Mar-18 12:48
Gfiewish Pronouns
declined for every case
15-May-17 17:55
Typological information for Gfiewish

Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Morphosyntactic alignmentErgative/Absolutive
Number of nominal casesSeven cases
Primary word orderSOV
Pronoun persons1st/2nd/3rd/4th persons

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