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Balak [JZG]
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Typology Functional 587 words
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Balak
Balâkzem
[bɑˈla:ksɛm]*
Registered by total pleb on 11 July 2017
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersBalak is spoken in Balakia.
Species Human/humanoid
About Balak ok so the "spoken in" box for cwsp stuff decided to vanish and apparently balak isn't a cwsp lang, whoops

V1.1 OF GRAMMAR DOC RELEASED: link

what did i just bring upon this land


Balak is a Vaniuan language mainly spoken in  Balakia, where it is the official language. It has been considerably influenced by the  Amaian language and its various stages throughout history, as can be seen from certain grammatical features and the presence of whistled sibilants, among other aspects, though it preserves a sizeable amount of native Vaniuan vocabulary. It is one standard variety of the pluricentric Jazaghan language, with  Gushli being the other main variety.


Balak is notable among Vaniuan languages for its phonemic whistled sibilants and moderately complex stress rules, as well as its use of stative verbs as opposed to true adjectives, a feature shared by the Amaian languages, as well as other languages of the Kashisan subbranch such as  Rasha and  Western Kaatian. Another notable feature specific to Balak is its qumta vowel system, wherein some words have an alternate stem with an additional (lexically determined) word-final vowel, which appears in some forms of a word but not others.

Sample of Balak[view] Zôçey, vuğasyâyemin şiv!

[First name], get the flamethrower!
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
dâkeyekadpbecause of
dâkennreason
dabdâvkill
Language family relationships
Language treeVaniuan
 ⤷  Proto-Vaniu
  ⤷ Proto-Eastern Vaniuan
   ⤷ Proto-Kashisan
    ⤷ Old Kothlenic
     ⤷ Middle Jazaghan
      ⤷  Balak
[view] About VaniuanThe Vaniuan language is a family of languages originating from a disputed urheimat of either Western Parshita or around Lake Melkanchuta. Its descendant languages consist of around an estimated 400-700 Million speakers with varying phonologies, vocab...
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarUvularGlottal
Nasal m   n     [ŋ]1 [ɴ]2  
Plosive p b   t d     k g    
Fricative   (f) v s sʷ3 z zʷ4 ʃ [ʒ]5     [χ]6 ʁ [ʁ̞]7 h [ɦ]8
Affricate     t͡s t͡sʷ9 [d͡z]10 [d͡zʷ]11 t͡ʃ d͡ʒ        
Lateral approximant     l          
Approximant         j      
Trill     r          
Flap     [ɾ]12          
  1. Before velar consonants, allophone of /n/
  2. Before uvular consonants, sometimes realised as nasalisation of the previous vowel, allophone of /n/
  3. Typically realised as [sᶲ]
  4. Typically realised as [zᵝ]
  5. After voiced consonants, allophone of /ʃ/
  6. After voiceless consonants, allophone of /ʁ/
  7. In syllable codas, sole realisation in certain dialects, allophone of /ʁ/
  8. After voiced consonants, allophone of /h/
  9. Typically realised as [t͡sᶲ]
  10. After voiced consonants, allophone of /t͡s/
  11. After voiced consonants, allophone of /t͡sʷ/
  12. Syllable-initially and intervocalically, allophone of /r/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
Near-
back
Back
Close i:     u:
Near-close   ɪ ʊ  
Close-mid e:     o:
Open-mid ɛ     ɔ
Open a:     ɑ
Syllable StructureThe basic formula for a Balak syllable is (C)(v)V(F); C denotes any consonant, V denotes any vowel, and F denotes any consonant except for /sʷ, zʷ, t͡sʷ/. /v/ can occur as a medial consonant between the rest of the syllable onset and the syllable nucleus, but only after the consonants /t, d, k, g/.
Stress informationStress is somewhat variable in Balak, and follows a certain set of rules. If a word contains at least one syllable which either:
- contains a long vowel
- ends with /v/ or /j/ as a coda
- begins with /sʷ/, /zʷ/, or /t͡sʷ/
- features a medial /v/
then the last occurrence of such a syllable receives primary stress. If no such syllables are present in the word, then the final syllable of the word receives primary stress. Secondary stress is placed on every second syllable away from the syllable with primary stress in either direction. The application of these stress rules may cause different forms of the same word (for example verbal inflections) to exhibit highly variable stress.

Certain foreign words may exhibit stress patterns that contradict the above rules. Words with such irregular stress patterns typically exhibit fixed stress, i.e. the syllable holding primary stress maintains it in all forms of the word, in contrast to the variable stress of other words. This may also carry over into other derived terms.
OtherBalak features progressive voicing assimilation of obstruents; liquids do not affect the voicing of obstruents. This assimilation also occurs across word boundaries when there is no pause between words.

After taking voicing assimilation into account, any geminated consonants are simplified into single consonants. As with voicing assimilation, this degemination can occur across word boundaries when there is no pause between words. Such degemination also affects homorganic stop + affricate clusters, which are rather more common in Balak. In such clusters, the first consonant (i.e. the stop) is elided. For example the clusters /tt͡s/, /dt͡s/ and /tt͡ʃ/ are realised simply as [t͡s], [d͡z] and [t͡ʃ] respectively.

Clusters of sibilants, as well as certain affricates, undergo their own processes of assimilation, which can also occur across word boundaries. When the alveolar sibilants /s, z/ occur next to the palato-alveolar sibilant /ʃ/, regardless of whether come before or after, they are elided after voicing assimilation takes place. In a similar vein, the cluster /t͡sʃ/ assimilates into [t͡ʃ]. All sibilants are dropped after the affricates /t͡ʃ, d͡ʒ/, following voicing assimilation of the latter if applicable.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Balak. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 BalakOrthography
Aa
Aa
/ɑ/
AAaa
Ââ
/a:/
Bb
Bb
/b/
Cc
Cc
/t͡s/
CW cw
CV cv
/t͡sʷ/1
Çç
Çç
/t͡ʃ/
Dd
Dd
/d/
Ee
Ee
/ɛ/
EEee
Êê
/e:/
Ff
Ff
/f/2
Gg
Gg
/g/
Ğğ
Ğğ
/ʁ/
Hh
Hh
/h/
Ii
Ii
/ɪ/
IIii
Îî
/i:/
Jj
Jj
/d͡ʒ/
Kk
Kk
/k/
Ll
Ll
/l/
Mm
Mm
/m/
Nn
Nn
/n/
Oo
Oo
/ɔ/
OOoo
Ôô
/o:/
Pp
Pp
/p/
Qq
Qq
/h/
Rr
Rr
/r/
Ss
Ss
/s/
SW sw
SV sv
/sʷ/3
Şş
Şş
/ʃ/
Tt
Tt
/t/
Uu
Uu
/ʊ/
UUuu
Ûû
/u:/
Ww
Vv
/v/
Yy
Yy
/j/
Zz
Zz
/z/
ZW zw
ZV zv
/zʷ/4
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. Typically realised as [t͡sᶲ]
  2. loan words only
  3. Typically realised as [sᶲ]
  4. Typically realised as [zᵝ]
Typological information for Balak

Animacy distinctionsAnimate/Inanimate
Coding of evidentialityVerbal conjugation
Primary word orderSOV

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