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Balak [JZG]
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Balak
Balâkzem
[bɑˈla:ksɛm]*
Registered by total pleb on 11 July 2017
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSpoken in: KunjutOfficial BalakiaOfficial SonkaMinority
Species Human/humanoid
About Balak V1.3 OF GRAMMAR DOC RELEASED: link

Balâçik yuşadamşar!


Balak is a Vaniuan language mainly spoken in  Balakia, where it is the official language. It has been considerably influenced by the  Amaian language and its various stages throughout history, as can be seen from certain grammatical features and the presence of whistled sibilants, among other aspects, though it preserves a sizeable amount of native Vaniuan vocabulary. It is one standard variety of the pluricentric Jazaghan language, with  Gushli being the other main variety.


Balak is notable among Vaniuan languages for its phonemic whistled sibilants and moderately complex stress rules, as well as its use of stative verbs as opposed to true adjectives, a feature shared by the Amaian languages, as well as other languages of the Kashisan subbranch such as  Rasha and  Western Kaatian. Another notable feature specific to Balak is its qumta vowel system, wherein some words have an alternate stem with an additional (lexically determined) word-final vowel, which appears in some forms of a word but not others.

Sample of Balak[view] Başhana! Bevpirek cvânê çera er haser beşî.

Caution! Tanks crossing and dust clouds.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
ğemvstretch
ğemvtighten
rokvcatch
Language family relationships
Language treeVaniuan
 ⤷  Proto-Vaniu
  ⤷ Proto-Eastern Vaniuan
   ⤷ Proto-Kashisan
    ⤷ Old Kothlenic
     ⤷ Middle Jazaghan
      ⤷  Balak
[view] About VaniuanThe Vaniuan language is a family of languages originating from a disputed urheimat of either Western Parshita or around Lake Melkanchuta. Its descendant languages consist of around an estimated 400-700 Million speakers with varying phonologies, vocab...
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarUvularGlottal
Nasal m   n     [ŋ]1 [ɴ]2  
Plosive p b   t d     k g    
Fricative   (f) v s sʷ3 z zʷ4 ʃ [ʒ]5     [χ]6 ʁ [ʁ̞]7 h [ɦ]8
Affricate     t͡s t͡sʷ9 [d͡z]10 [d͡zʷ]11 t͡ʃ d͡ʒ        
Lateral approximant     l          
Approximant         j      
Trill     r          
Flap     [ɾ]12          
  1. Before velar consonants, allophone of /n/
  2. Before uvular consonants, sometimes realised as nasalisation of the previous vowel, allophone of /n/
  3. Typically realised as [sᶲ]
  4. Typically realised as [zᵝ]
  5. After voiced consonants, allophone of /ʃ/
  6. After voiceless consonants, allophone of /ʁ/
  7. In syllable codas, sole realisation in certain dialects, allophone of /ʁ/
  8. After voiced consonants, allophone of /h/
  9. Typically realised as [t͡sᶲ]
  10. After voiced consonants, allophone of /t͡s/
  11. After voiced consonants, allophone of /t͡sʷ/
  12. Syllable-initially and intervocalically, allophone of /r/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
Near-
back
Back
Close i:     u:
Near-close   ɪ ʊ  
Close-mid e:     o:
Open-mid ɛ     ɔ
Open a:     ɑ
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Balak. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 BalakOrthography
Aa
Aa
/ɑ/
AAaa
Ââ
/a:/
Bb
Bb
/b/
Cc
Cc
/t͡s/
CW cw
CV cv
/t͡sʷ/1
Çç
Çç
/t͡ʃ/
Dd
Dd
/d/
Ee
Ee
/ɛ/
EEee
Êê
/e:/
Ff
Ff
/f/2
Gg
Gg
/g/
Ğğ
Ğğ
/ʁ/
Hh
Hh
/h/
Ii
Ii
/ɪ/
IIii
Îî
/i:/
Jj
Jj
/d͡ʒ/
Kk
Kk
/k/
Ll
Ll
/l/
Mm
Mm
/m/
Nn
Nn
/n/
Oo
Oo
/ɔ/
OOoo
Ôô
/o:/
Pp
Pp
/p/
Qq
Qq
/h/
Rr
Rr
/r/
Ss
Ss
/s/
SW sw
SV sv
/sʷ/3
Şş
Şş
/ʃ/
Tt
Tt
/t/
Uu
Uu
/ʊ/
UUuu
Ûû
/u:/
Ww
Vv
/v/
Yy
Yy
/j/
Zz
Zz
/z/
ZW zw
ZV zv
/zʷ/4
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. Typically realised as [t͡sᶲ]
  2. loan words only
  3. Typically realised as [sᶲ]
  4. Typically realised as [zᵝ]
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
LotM - Nov 19: Balak
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02-Nov-19 00:09
Typological information for Balak

Animacy distinctionsAnimate/Inanimate
Coding of evidentialityVerbal conjugation
Primary word orderSOV

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