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Laendish [LAE]
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Typology Progressing 832 words
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Laendish
Lahgenòd
[la'ɣenɔd]
Registered by argyle on 20 September 2014
Language type A posteriori
Species Human/humanoid
About Laendish Laendish is one of the mainland Colian languages, the vestiges of the once-powerful Colian Empire.

Spoken in the mountains of eastern Edievia, Laendish has preserved some older features and innovated others. Mid-low vowels were raised in open syllables, creating a small class of verbs that have alternating stems. Syllable-final /l/ vocalized to /u̯/, generating another class of verbs that have stems alternating between /l/ and /u̯/ finally. This vocalization also raised mid-low vowels, creating a class of nouns that have identical singular and plural forms. Final /n/ was lost in all words, while the verbal system was overhauled, with tense indicated with auxiliary verbs in the past and future.

Verbs lack the aspectual distinction found in Edievian, but instead innovated tense distinctions with auxiliary verbs. Other Colian features, however, are preserved, such as VSO word order, inflected prepositions, and ablaut in nouns.
Sample of Laendish[view] Sa, a-rafle dod ceu anòndut / May mi nyahb òndou ri ohdo / Òn ya hdu / Mi nya hbreuc clèhd po res hyo ohg / Òn ya hdu / 'Ba n-eb ohd samac e ni sê mi ohdohg / Ouc òn ya s-ahb auca / Nês na ris n-auca bes ohg / May ti òn ya hdu / Che hdu gco nês co du / Che hdu yum ya do slès / Do ê satès feu res hyo ohg / May ti òn ya hdu / Che hdu gco nês co du / ...[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
lyagnbeach
bahbomevexplode
gascamevcarve
Sound samples in Laendish
Some sound samples of Laendish. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Mi n-e nyoseme dou ya, ouc mi le hbar mbana ahg!
The monkey bit me and stole my banana!
A-nòm n-ebèt ohg ahbar.
My husband doesn't eat children.
A-bpoda lehbu.
Books do not sleep.
Aba n-ahbar ou oucru.
Her children are wolves.
Ame ahb n-omau ahd?
Where is your money?
Che ya gcrunam ê ychènnar!
I will break the table!
Language family relationships
Language treeSoscarian-Colian
 ⤷ Proto-Soscarian-Colian
  ⤷ Proto-Colian
   ⤷  Colian
    ⤷ West Colian
     ⤷ Mainland
      ⤷  Laendish
[view] About Soscarian-ColianThe Soscarian-Colian family is named for its two constituent surviving language families, the Soscarian family and Colian family. The family exists in an alternate history of Earth in eastern Europe, and on the planet Sahar in southern Miraria. Proto...
[view] Ponanape (Northern Laendish / Ponanapian)Spoken in the northern portions of Edievia, east of the mountains, Northern Laendish (also called Ponanapian) experienced further changes from its Colian background, such as monophthongization of diphthongs ending in [u̯], loss of further consonant clusters, and high amounts of Qonklese loans.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelar
Nasal m [m:]1     n [n:]2     ŋ
Plosive p b     t d     k g
Fricative   f v [θ]3 ð s ʃ ʒ   [x]4 ɣ
Lateral approximant       l      
Approximant           j  
Flap       ɾ      
  1. nasal mutation of /m/, allophone of /m/
  2. nasal mutation of /n/, allophone of /n/
  3. /ð/ word-finally, allophone of /ð/
  4. /ɣ/ word-finally, allophone of /ɣ/
VowelsFrontBack
Close i u
Close-mid e o
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a  
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Laendish. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 LaendishOrthography
Aa
Aa
a
/a/
Pp
Pp
pe
/p/
Bb
Bb
be
/b/
Cc
Cc
ce
/k/
Gg
Gg
ge
/g/
Tt
Tt
te
/t/
Dd
Dd
de
/d/
Xx
Èè
è
/ɛ/
Ff
Ff
fe
/f/
Ee
Ee
e
/e/
Ii
Ii
i
/i/
Ll
Ll
le
/l/
Mm
Mm
me
/m/
Nn
Nn
ne
/n/
Qq
Òò
ò
/ɔ/
Rr
Rr
re
/ɾ/
Ss
Ss
se
/s/
Oo
Oo
o
/o/
Uu
Uu
u
/u/
Vv
Vv
ve
/v/
Jj
Yy
ye
/j/
✔ Shown in correct order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Ambes Sachiu po Lahgenòd
    Initial Mutations in Laendish
    08-Sep-19 21:05
    Scevès Lahgenoyeu
    Laendish Orthography
    08-Sep-19 21:03
    Typological information for Laendish

    GendersAnimate/Inanimate
    Morphological typologyFusional
    Morphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusative
    Primary writing systemLatin (Extended)

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