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Lulian [LLH]
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Typology Progressing 85 words
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Registered by juxlus on 15 July 2016
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Species Human/humanoid
About Lulian Spoken by a plague-like, parasitic, hive-mind type species, the lul, on the artificial world Ulya. Its origins are unknown. It is not related to the other major languages of Ulya such as  Ulyan,  Vlekic,  Mraupsian,  Periphery, and  Xiqwa.

Notable features:
-Only two vowels, /i/ and /u/, both of which can vary anywhere between the closest front/back cardinal vowel to a mid-central schwa.
-Most consonants are voiceless and occur either as ejectives (except /s/) or one of three lengths: short, long, double-long. Longs are held about twice as long as shorts, and double-longs twice as long as longs.
-Voiced fricatives (/z/ and /ɣ/), approximants (/l/ and /j/) and the trill /r/ use creaky voice and also appear in short, long, and double-long forms.
-There are five "click-like" voiceless ejective affricates: t͡sʼ t͡ʃʼ k͡xʼ q͡χʼ t͡ɬʼ and three true clicks: alveolar (!), alveolo-lateral (ǁ), palatal (ǂ).
-There are no labials or nasals of any sort, neither labialization nor nasalization.

-Tripartite case marking: The Subject of an intransitive verb takes the Absolutive case, while with transitive verbs the Agent takes the Ergative and the Object takes the Accusative case.
-Pronouns and pronominal forms occur in only in plural form, and only in 2nd and 3rd person.
-There are three tenses: non-future, immediate-future, and future.
-There are five moods: command and prohibition (IMPImperative (mood)
and PROHProhibitive (mood)
negative imperative
), question (INTERRInterrogative mood (mood)
asks questions
), permission (PERMPermissive (mood)
the action is permitted
), and desire (OPTOptative (mood)
'wish, hope'
Sample of Lulian[view] x̣l, sg, rz, sx̣llyg, x̣llyx̣l, x̣llysg, x̣llyrz, sggy, sggyx̣l, sggysg.

one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten.
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Latest vocabulary
Fricative s s:: s: z̰ z̰:: z̰:       x x:: xʼ x: ɣ̰ ɣ̰:: ɣ̰: χ χ:: χʼ χ:  
Affricate t͡sʼ t͡ʃʼ     k͡xʼ q͡χʼ t͡ɬʼ
Lateral approximant l̰ l̰:: l̰:            
Lateral fricative ɬ ɬ:: ɬʼ ɬ:            
Approximant       j̰ j̰:: j̰:      
Trill r̰ r̰:: r̰:            
Click ǃ   ǁ ǂ      
Close i1 u2
  1. [i~ɪ~ə]
  2. [u~ʊ-ə]
Below is the orthography for Lulian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
Ii/i/1Uu/u/2Gg/ɣ̰/GG gg/ɣ̰:/GGG ggg/ɣ̰::/K' k'/kʼ/KX' kx'/k͡xʼ/Ɬɬ/ɬ/Ɬ' ɬ'/ɬʼ/ꞭꞭ ɬɬ/ɬ:/ꞭꞭꞭ ɬɬɬ/ɬ::/
Ll/l̰/LL ll/l̰:/LLL lll/l̰::/Q' q'/qʼ/QX̣' qx̣'/q͡χʼ/Rr/r̰/RR rr/r̰:/RRR rrr/r̰::/Ss/s/SS ss/s:/SSS sss/s::/
T' t'/tʼ/TC' tc'/t͡ʃʼ/TꞭ' tɬ'/t͡ɬʼ/TS' ts'/t͡sʼ/Xx/x/X' x'/xʼ/X̣ x̣/χ/X̣' x̣'/χʼ/X̣X̣ x̣x̣/χ:/X̣X̣X̣ x̣x̣x̣/χ::/XX xx/x:/
XXX xxx/x::/Yy/j̰/YY yy/j̰:/YYY yyy/j̰::/Zz/z̰/ZZ zz/z̰:/ZZZ zzz/z̰::/!/ǃ/ǁ/ǁ/ǂ/ǂ/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. [i~ɪ~ə]
  2. [u~ʊ-ə]
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Lulian phonotactics
phonotacticalicious rules
17-Mar-20 23:06
Lulian verbs
Verb declension, tense, mood, aspect, and so on
17-Mar-20 23:00
Lulian numbers
counting and stuff, in base-4
17-Mar-20 22:58
Ulyan history and terminology
story specific stuff
16-Jan-19 10:25
Lulian pronouns
personal and etc
02-May-17 09:04
Lulian basic clauses
Overview of noun cases, verb valency, word order, etc
04-Dec-16 06:18
Typological information for Lulian

Base counting systemQuaternary (4)
Morphological typologyAnalytical
Morphosyntactic alignmentTripartite
Primary word orderVOS

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