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Old Thargian [OIT]
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Typology Progressing 843 words
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Old Thargian
Čelǵej
[t͡ʂɛɹɢæj]*
Registered by Candles56 on 20 January 2019
+ shared with: Hastrica
Language type A priori
Species Human/humanoid
About Old Thargian The oldest attested Thargic language and common ancestor to Modern Thargian, Qotsian and Siqian, Old Thargian was spoken in western Atsiq from about 800 to 1300 CE. Phonologically, it is notable for its extreme conservatism, preserving many of the vowel distinctions of Greater Osveraali that other languages have levelled. Its consonant inventory is more innovative and represents the other instance of development of retroflex consonants on Atsiq, besides Old Shyorian.

Old Thargian morphology, quite differently from Old Osveraali, is still close Greater Osveraali; it lacks most of the typical traits of modern Thargic languages such as aspect-marking clitic pronouns, reflexive verbs, nasal vowels and large case inventories. The verbal tense and aspect distinctions are only partially collapsed and in places rebuilt with auxiliaries. It also retains the contrast between nominative and accusative but does not show any trace of possessive noun inflection.

The oldest texts are from the early eleventh century, written in the Osveraali alphabet. A local literary tradition that would adapt the script to accommodate Thargic phonology evolved over the next century and contributed greatly to making the Thargic-speaking lands the third centre of power on medieval Atsiq before their absorption into the Osveraali Empire in the fifteenth century.
Sample of Old Thargian[view] Żai stèj èḷvo oḷ. / Èḷv stèj żaiso oḷ.

The girl gave the boy a flower / / The boy gave the girl a flower
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Latest vocabulary
stènblossom
stènflower
oḷvgive
Language family relationships
Language treeOsveraali
 ⤷  Proto-Osveraali
  ⤷  Greater Osveraali
   ⤷ Thargic
    ⤷  Old Thargian
[view] About OsveraaliThe Osveraali languages are native to the continent of Atsiq, where they account for more than ninety-five percent of speakers. Traits shared by most Osveraali languages include large vowel inventories, retroflex consonants, fusional suffixing morpho...
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarRetroflexAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularGlottalOther
Nasal m (m:)     n (ɳ)   (ɲ)   ŋ (ŋ:) ɴ    
Plosive p b     t d (ʈ) (ɖ)       k (k:) g (g:) q ɢ ʔ  
Fricative   f v θ ð s z ʂ ʐ (ɕ)1 (ʑ)2     x (x:) ɣ (ɣ:) χ ʁ h  
Affricate       t͡s d͡z (ʈʂ) (ɖʐ) (t͡ɕ)3 (d͡ʑ)4            
Lateral approximant         (ɭ) (ɭˠ)   ʎ   ʟ ʟʷ     ɫ ɫ˞
Approximant       ɹ ɹʷ ɹ: (ɻ)   j w        
Blends t͡ʂ d͡ʐ
  1. MOT
  2. MOT
  3. MOT
  4. MOT
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i (ĩ) y       u (ũ)
Near-close   ɪ (ɪ̃) (ʏ)   ʊ (ʊ̃)  
Close-mid e ø       o
Mid [e̞]1   ə   [o̞]2
Open-mid ɛ (ɛ̃) œ       ɔ (ɔ̃)
Near-open [æ]3   ɐ (ɐ̃)    
Open a       ɒ
Polyphthongs əɪ əʊ ɛə
  1. When adjacent to velars or uvulars, allophone of /e/
  2. When adjacent to velars or uvulars, allophone of /o/
  3. When adjacent to velars or uvulars, allophone of /ɛ/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Old Thargian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Old ThargianOrthography
'/ʔ/Aa/ə/Àà/a/Áá/ɐ/Ää/ɒ/AI ai/əɪ/AU au/əʊ/Ẋẋ/x/Üü/ʊ/Bb/b/
Cc/t͡s/Čč/t͡ʂ/Dd/d/Ḍḍ/ð/Ee/ɛ/, [æ]1Ẹẹ/œ/, [æ]2Èè/e/, [e̞]3EA ea/ɛə/Ff/f/Gg/g/
Ǵǵ/ɢ/Hh/h/Ii/i/Ịị/y/Ïï/ɪ/IA ia/iə/Jj/j/Kk/k/Ll/ɹ/Ḷḷ/ɫ/
LJ lj/ʎ/LR lr/ɫ˞/LW lw/ʟʷ/Mm/m/Nn/n/Ņņ/ŋ/Ńń/ɴ/Oo/o/, [o̞]4Òò/ɔ/OA oa/oə/
Øø/ø/, [e̞]5Pp/p/Qq/q/QL ql/ʟ/QR qr/ɹ:/Rr/ʁ/Ṙṙ/ɣ/RJ rj/ʐ/Ss/s/Šš/ʂ/
Tt/t/Ṭṭ/θ/Uu/u/UA ua/uə/Vv/v/Ww/w/WR wr/ɹʷ/Xx/χ/Zz/z/Żż/d͡z/
Ʒʒ/ʐ/Ǯǯ/d͡ʐ/Ãã/ɐ̃/6Ææ/æ/7Çç/ʈʂ/8Õõ/ɔ̃/9Ḱḱ/k:/10Ḿḿ/m:/11Ẑẑ/ʑ/12Ẽẽ/ɛ̃/13
Ỹỹ/ɪ̃/14Ÿÿ/ʊ̃/15DẐ dẑ/d͡ʑ/16Ʈʈ/ʈ/17Ɖɖ/ɖ/18ˠ/ɭˠ/19ɭ/ɭ/20Ɲɲ/ɲ/21ɳ/ɳ/22ɻ/ɻ/23
R̄ r̄/ɣ:/24X̋ x̋/x:/25Yy/ʏ/26Ŋŋ/ŋ:/27Śś/ɕ/28Ũũ/ũ/29Źź/ɖʐ/30Ćć/t͡ɕ/31Ĝĝ/g:/32Ĩĩ/ĩ/33
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. When adjacent to velars or uvulars
  2. When adjacent to velars or uvulars
  3. When adjacent to velars or uvulars
  4. When adjacent to velars or uvulars
  5. When adjacent to velars or uvulars
  6. loan words only
  7. loan words only
  8. loan words only
  9. loan words only
  10. loan words only
  11. loan words only
  12. MOT, loan words only
  13. loan words only
  14. loan words only
  15. loan words only
  16. MOT, loan words only
  17. loan words only
  18. loan words only
  19. loan words only
  20. loan words only
  21. loan words only
  22. loan words only
  23. loan words only
  24. loan words only
  25. loan words only
  26. loan words only
  27. loan words only
  28. MOT, loan words only
  29. loan words only
  30. loan words only
  31. MOT, loan words only
  32. loan words only
  33. loan words only
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Old Thargian: Syntax
Notes on Old Thargian syntax
26-Jun-19 10:19
Typological information for Old Thargian

Adposition head-directionalityHead final
Morphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusative
Primary word orderSOV
Relative clause headPronoun retained
Relative clause morphologyAdjectival/Verbal

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