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Town Speech [UBS]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 11,790 words
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Town Speech
町語
[bʊrgsprɑ:k]
Registered by 藤咲瑠奈 on 26 November 2014
Language type A posteriori
Species Human/humanoid
About Town Speech Town Speech(町語, pronounciation /bʊɹgspɹɑ:k/) is the main language of Tokkijins(德基人), it is a West Germanic language with heavy influences from Sinosphere languages, especially Japanese, the language of the Yamato people, and Tokkijins also are similarly influenced by East Asians both culturally and genetically.

Besides "Town Speech", another common name for Town Speech is Folk Speech(民語, pronounciation /fɔɫkspɹɑ:k/). The name Folk Speech predates the name Town Speech.

Features:

- Town Speech is a Low German language closely related to certain Dutch and Low Saxon dialects.
- The basic word order is SVO, with preverbal negations and prepositions, Germanic V2 order has been lost
- An initial question particle, rather than the subject–verb inversion, is used to form yes-no questions.
- Generally right-branching but is basically left-branching in nominal phrases
- The grammar is largely analytic: no adjective declensions, nominal cases, although nouns have plural forms and verbs conjugate according to tense and person.
- The plural form of most nouns are formed by adding -/(ə)s/(written -す) to the endings of them, but there's still a considerable amount of nouns whose plural formes are formed by adding -/(ə)n/(written -ん) to the endings of them.
- an invariant relativizer rather than interrogative pronouns is used to form relative clauses.
- Town Speech has a profound East Asian influence and is written in a Japanese-derived writing system and it tends to use more Kandji(漢字) compared to modern Standard Japanese.
- Town Speech has many loanwords from Japanese, Chinese, etc., and uses Sino-Xenic vocabulary from Japanese as academic vocabulary to express complex ideas and also interjections; while the grammatical structure, functional words and words for everyday life are still largely Germanic.
Sample of Town Speech[view] すみません。 / いっといす一良ど日。 / おはよう。 / おはよう、先生。 / 我い名いす____。 / ありがとう。 / かわいい! / 楽あ誕生日! / そういっといす。 / べっでる゚与えいう゚我一ん鉛筆。[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
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Language family relationships
Language treeGermanic
 ⤷ Proto-Germanic
  ⤷ West Germanic
   ⤷ Old Saxon
    ⤷ Middle Low German
     ⤷  Plattdytch
      ⤷  Town Speech
[view] About GermanicThe Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of approximately 500 million people mainly in North America, Oceania, Western and Northern Europe. Proto-Germanic , which was spoken in approxima...
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m   n       [ŋ]1  
Plosive p b   t d       k g  
Fricative   f [v]2 s z3 ʃ [ç]4   x [h]5
Affricate     (t͡s) t͡ʃ d͡ʒ        
Lateral approximant     l          
Approximant     ɹ   j w    
Trill     [r]6          
  1. allophone of /n/
  2. allophone of /f/
  3. allophone of /s/ in native germanic words, but an independent phoneme in words from other languages
  4. allophone of /x/
  5. allophone of /x/
  6. allophone of /ɹ/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i i:       u u:
Near-close   [ɪ]1   [ʊ]2  
Mid e̞ e̞:   ə   o̞ o̞:
Open-mid [ɛ]3       [ɔ]4
Open     ä ä:   [ɑ:]5
Polyphthongs ai au oi iu
  1. allophone of /i/
  2. allophone of /u/
  3. allophone of /e̞/
  4. allophone of /o̞/
  5. allophone of /ä:/
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Typological information for Town Speech

Morphosyntactic alignmentNeutral
Primary word orderSVO
Primary writing systemKana/Kanji/Hanzi

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