cws
Greetings Guest
home > profile > view_language
Jáhkarrá [JHK]
54▲ 54 ▼ 0
LotM Winner CWSP Lang Typology Functional 12,077 words
[view flag info]
Jáhkarrá
Jáhkarrá
[ˈjahːkɑrːaː]
Registered by Hastrica on 26 August 2018
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSpoken by a population of around 800,000 in: JáhkavarraOfficial HememugaMinority HaisearyMinority
Species Human/humanoid
About Jáhkarrá
movasáid jáhkarálan stirgalviži

movasáid jáhkarálan stirgalviži

mov-a-s-áid jáhkará-lan stirg-alv-i-ž-i

receive-TRANSTransitive (valency)
has two arguments
-2SSecond person singular (person)
addressee (you)
.OBJObject (argument)-1PEFirst person plural exclusive (person)
we (exclusive)
.SUBSubject (argument) Jáhkarrá-ELAElative (case)
'out of, from'
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
write-breathe-INTRIntransitive (valency)
has one argument
-DESDesiderative (mood)
wishes, desires, wants
.PRSPresent tense (tense).PCPParticiple
adjectival form of a verb
-VOCVocative (case)
'O [addressee]'
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity

Welcome, you who wants to read about Jáhkarrá!

Now with its own Discord learning server!

Features:

- Consonant gradation - stem consonants change depending on the suffix: orgŋo "man", orkŋin "men", orŋáin "of men"
- Singular-dual-plural number: orgŋo "man", orgŋe "two men", orkŋin "men"
- Default OSV: állea orgŋo raiŧa "woman-ACC man sees"
- Strictly left-branching: čorvonea solgalvá orgŋea raiŧai "car-ACC bought man-ACC see-1SG"
- Three basic verb stems (transitive, intransitive, passive): raiŧaid "see something", raiŧiid "have the ability of vision", raiŧid "be seen"
- Polypersonal subject/object agreement: raiŧasai "I see you", raiŧai "I see him/her", raiŧanan "you see me"
- Indicative, necessitative, desiderative, potential and permissive moods: raiŧai "I see it", raiŧahai "I must see it", raiŧažai "I want to see it", raiŧasai "I can see it", raiŧaŧai "I'm allowed to see it"
- Multipurpose imperative: raiŧanjo "see!", raiŧavvanjo "you certainly saw", raiŧajjo "let me see"
- Nouns and adjectives conjugable like verbs: orgŋohai "I am a man", jeavvihea "it is yellow"
- Seventeen local cases (motion to, motion from, position at for external, internal, abstract, below and above location, plus abessive and comitative)
- Participles in local cases replacing conjunctions, with possessive suffixes agreeing with subject and object
Sample of Jáhkarrá[view] Ámehkohea čabbajaga meaŋŋajajo.

If you come to a fork in the road, take it.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
čabbosnencounter
čabbaidvencounter
solbaidvuntangle
Sound samples in Jáhkarrá
Some sound samples of Jáhkarrá. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Oavvi! Eŋiva! Eŋiva čároa, eŋiva burbmaroačan!
Fine! Dishonour! Dishonour on you, dishonour on your cow!
Á, oháŋásti, sevil reaivasteačan huoŋirrarnujavvai. Honnjáže, ávvaresaičan vihčidahčiráin morrusálg...
Oh little prince, bit by bit I came to understand the secrets of your sad little life. For a long ti...
Language family relationships
Language treeIsolates
 ⤷ Isolate languages
  ⤷  Jáhkarrá
[view] About IsolatesThis is a family for isolate languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarGlottal
Nasal m m:     n n: n:ʲ nʲ     ŋ ŋ:  
Plosive p p:     t t: t:ʲ tʲ     k k:  
Fricative     θ θ: s s: ʃ ʃ:     h h:
Affricate       t͡s t͡s: t͡ʃ t͡ʃ:      
Lateral approximant       l l: l:ʲ lʲ        
Approximant   ʋ ʋ:       j j:    
Trill       r r:        
VowelsFrontBack
Close i i: u
Close-mid e o
Near-open æ  
Open a: ɑ
Polyphthongs ie uo ea
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Jáhkarrá. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 JáhkarráOrthography
a
a
/ɑ/
b
b
/p/
c
c
/t͡s/
d
d
/t/
e
e
/e/
g
g
/k/
h
h
/h/
i
i
/i/
j
j
/i/, /j/
k
k
/k/
l
l
/l/
m
m
/m/
n
n
/n/
o
o
/o/
p
p
/p/
r
r
/r/
s
s
/s/
t
t
/t/
u
u
/u/
v
v
/ʋ/
z
z
/t͡s/
á
á
/a:/
č
č
/t͡ʃ/
š
š
/ʃ/
bb
bb
/p:/
cc
cc
/t͡s:/
dd
dd
/t:/
ddj
ddj
/t:ʲ/
dj
dj
/tʲ/
ea
ea
/æ/
/ea/
gg
gg
/k:/
hh
hh
/h:/
ie
ie
/ie/
ii
ii
/i:/
jj
jj
/j:/
kk
kk
/k:/
lj
lj
/lʲ/
ll
ll
/l:/
llj
llj
/l:ʲ/
mm
mm
/m:/
nj
nj
/nʲ/
nn
nn
/n:/
nnj
nnj
/n:ʲ/
oa
oa
/oɑ/
pp
pp
/p:/
rr
rr
/r:/
ss
ss
/s:/
tj
tj
/tʲ/
tt
tt
/t:/
ttj
ttj
/t:ʲ/
uo
uo
/uo/
vv
vv
/ʋ:/
zz
zz
/t͡s:/
ŋ
ŋ
/ŋ/
ŋŋ
ŋŋ
/ŋ:/
šš
šš
/ʃ:/
ŧ
ŧ
/θ/
ŧŧ
ŧŧ
/θ:/
ž
ž
/t͡ʃ/
žž
žž
/t͡ʃ:/
čč
čč
/t͡ʃ:/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Jáhkarrá: Orthography
    The spelling of Jáhkarrá, especially consonant gradation
    15-Oct-19 09:58
    Jáhkarrá: Consonant gradation
    Consonant gradation in Jáhkarrá
    10-May-19 09:57
    Jáhkarrá grammar: Verbs
    Summary of how Jáhkarrá verbs work.
    05-Mar-19 14:22
    Jáhkarrá: Noun cases
    The twenty-two cases of Jáhkarra
    07-Jan-19 14:55
    Jáhkarrá: Politeness
    Polite expressions in Jáhkarrá
    05-Jan-19 10:30
    Jáhkarrá: Syntax of the passive and discourse deixis
    Use of the passive and its connection to animacy. Use of the...
    14-Dec-18 10:36
    Jáhkarrá: Derivational morphology
    Derivational suffixes
    05-Dec-18 16:16
    Jáhkarrá: Nouns
    Overview of the nouns
    05-Dec-18 16:15
    Typological information for Jáhkarrá

    Morphological typologyPolysynthetic
    Number of nominal casesEight cases or more
    Primary word orderOSV
    Verb agreementSubject and object
    Marked person (verb)1st/2nd/3rd/4th persons

    ▼ More information ⇋ Compare
    privacy | FAQs | rules | statistics | graphs | donate | api (indev)
    Viewing CWS in: English | Time now is 13-Nov-19 10:46 | Δt: 342.551ms