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Jáhkarrá [JHK]
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LotM Winner CWSP Lang Typology Functional 10,470 words
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Jáhkarrá
Jáhkarrá
[ˈjahːkɑrːaː]
Registered by Hastrica on 26 August 2018
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSpoken by a population of around 800,000 in: JáhkavarraOfficial DachashkMinority
Species Human/humanoid
About Jáhkarrá
movasáid jáhkaráran stirgalviži

movasáid jáhkaráran stirgalviži

mov-a-s-áid jáhkará-ran stirg-alv-i-ž-i

receive-TRANSTransitive (valency)
has two arguments
-2SSecond person singular (person)
addressee (you)
.OBJObject (argument)-1PEFirst person plural exclusive (person)
we (exclusive)
.SUBSubject (argument) Jáhkarrá-ELAElative (case)
'out of, from'
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
write-breathe-INTRIntransitive (valency)
has one argument
-DESDesiderative (mood)
wishes, desires, wants
.PRSPresent tense (tense).PCPParticiple
adjectival form of a verb
-VOCVocative (case)
'O [addressee]'
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity

Welcome, you who wants to read about Jáhkarrá!

Features:

- Consonant gradation - stem consonants change depending on the suffix: orgŋo "man", orkŋin "men", orŋáin "of men"
- Singular-dual-plural number: orgŋo "man", orgŋe "two men", orkŋin "men"
- Default OSV: állea orgŋo raiŧa "woman-ACC man sees"
- Strictly left-branching: čorvonea solgalvá orgŋea raiŧai "car-ACC bought man-ACC see-1SG"
- Three basic verb stems (transitive, intransitive, passive): raiŧaid "see something", raiŧiid "have the ability of vision", raiŧid "be seen"
- Polypersonal subject/object agreement: raiŧasai "I see you", raiŧai "I see him/her", raiŧanan "you see me"
- Indicative, necessitative, desiderative, potential and permissive moods: raiŧai "I see it", raiŧahai "I must see it", raiŧažai "I want to see it", raiŧasai "I can see it", raiŧaŧai "I'm allowed to see it"
- Multipurpose imperative: raiŧanjo "see!", raiŧavvanjo "you certainly saw", raiŧajjo "let me see"
- Nouns and adjectives conjugable like verbs: orgŋohai "I am a man", jeavvihea "it is yellow"
- Seventeen local cases (motion to, motion from, position at for external, internal, abstract, below and above location, plus abessive and comitative)
- Participles in local cases replacing conjunctions, with possessive suffixes agreeing with subject and object
Sample of Jáhkarrá[view] Caraŧuostrá hájea seásppin viilin hanilavvá raiŧažalárreča, rieŧáča bealgiláreán.

And again passed moons and years over Zarathustra’s soul, and he heeded it not; his hair, however, became white.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
čuohkkášuinntrusted companion
Language family relationships
Language treeIsolates
 ⤷ Isolate languages
  ⤷  Jáhkarrá
[view] About IsolatesThis is a family for isolate languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarGlottal
Nasal m m:     n n: n:ʲ nʲ     ŋ ŋ:  
Plosive p p:     t t: t:ʲ tʲ     k k:  
Fricative     θ θ: s s: ʃ ʃ:     h h:
Affricate       t͡s t͡s: t͡ʃ t͡ʃ:      
Lateral approximant       l l: l:ʲ lʲ        
Approximant   ʋ ʋ:       j j:    
Trill       r r:        
VowelsFrontBack
Close i i: u
Close-mid e o
Near-open æ  
Open a: ɑ
Polyphthongs ie uo ea
Syllable StructureThe only word-initial clusters are /sp/ and /st/; the only word-final consonants are /s/, /n/, /l/ and /d/, the last three of which may be preceded by /j/. Homorganic nasal-plosive clusters are reordered into plosive-nasal sequences, effectively preoccluded nasals. A closed syllable often enforces restrictions on its onset; this is known as consonant gradation.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Jáhkarrá. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 JáhkarráOrthography
a
a
/ɑ/
á
á
/a:/
b
b
/p/
bb
bb
/p:/
c
c
/t͡s/
cc
cc
/t͡s:/
č
č
/t͡ʃ/
čč
čč
/t͡ʃ:/
d
d
/t/
dd
dd
/t:/
dj
dj
/tʲ/
ddj
ddj
/t:ʲ/
e
e
/e/
ea
ea
/æ/
/ea/
g
g
/k/
gg
gg
/k:/
h
h
/h/
hh
hh
/h:/
i
i
/i/
ii
ii
/i:/
ie
ie
/ie/
j
j
/i/, /j/
jj
jj
/j:/
k
k
/k/
kk
kk
/k:/
l
l
/l/
ll
ll
/l:/
lj
lj
/lʲ/
llj
llj
/l:ʲ/
m
m
/m/
mm
mm
/m:/
n
n
/n/
nn
nn
/n:/
nj
nj
/nʲ/
nnj
nnj
/n:ʲ/
ŋ
ŋ
/ŋ/
ŋŋ
ŋŋ
/ŋ:/
o
o
/o/
oa
oa
/oɑ/
p
p
/p/
pp
pp
/p:/
r
r
/r/
rr
rr
/r:/
s
s
/s/
ss
ss
/s:/
š
š
/ʃ/
šš
šš
/ʃ:/
t
t
/t/
tt
tt
/t:/
tj
tj
/tʲ/
ttj
ttj
/t:ʲ/
ŧ
ŧ
/θ/
ŧŧ
ŧŧ
/θ:/
u
u
/u/
uo
uo
/uo/
v
v
/ʋ/
vv
vv
/ʋ:/
z
z
/t͡s/
zz
zz
/t͡s:/
ž
ž
/t͡ʃ/
žž
žž
/t͡ʃ:/
✔ Shown in correct order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Jáhkarrá: Noun cases
    The twenty-two cases of Jáhkarra
    07-Jan-19 14:55
    Jáhkarrá: Politeness
    Polite expressions in Jáhkarrá
    05-Jan-19 10:30
    Jáhkarrá: Syntax of the passive and discourse deixis
    Use of the passive and its connection to animacy. Use of the...
    14-Dec-18 10:36
    Jáhkarrá grammar: Verbs
    Summary of how Jáhkarrá verbs work.
    12-Dec-18 19:14
    Jáhkarrá: Derivational morphology
    Derivational suffixes
    05-Dec-18 16:16
    Jáhkarrá: Nouns
    Overview of the nouns
    05-Dec-18 16:15
    Jáhkarrá: Verb stems
    Overview over the four stems of a Jáhkarrá verb and their sy...
    05-Dec-18 16:15
    Jáhkarrá: Consonant gradation
    Consonant gradation in Jáhkarrá
    04-Dec-18 13:15
    Typological information for Jáhkarrá

    Morphological typologyPolysynthetic
    Number of nominal casesEight cases or more
    Primary word orderOSV
    Verb agreementSubject and object
    Marked person (verb)1st/2nd/3rd/4th persons

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