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Jáhkarrá [JHK]
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Jáhkarrá
Jáhkarrá
[ˈjahːkɑrːaː]
Registered by Hastrica on 26 August 2018
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSpoken by a population of around 800,000 in: JáhkavarraOfficial HomotlochomiMinority HaisearyMinority
Species Human/humanoid
About Jáhkarrá
movasáid jáhkarálan stirgalviži

movasáid jáhkarálan stirgalviži

mov-a-s-áid jáhkará-lan stirg-alv-i-ž-i

receive-TRANSTransitive (valency)
has two arguments
-2SSecond person singular (person)
addressee (you)
.OBJObject (argument)-1PEFirst person plural exclusive (person)
we (exclusive)
.SUBSubject (argument) Jáhkarrá-ELAElative (case)
'out of, from'
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
write-breathe-INTRIntransitive (valency)
has one argument
-DESDesiderative (mood)
wishes, desires, wants
.PRSPresent tense (tense).PCPParticiple
adjectival form of a verb
-VOCVocative (case)
'O [addressee]'
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity

Welcome, you who wants to read about Jáhkarrá!

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Features:

- Consonant gradation - stem consonants change depending on the suffix: orgŋo "man", orkŋin "men", orŋáin "of men"
- Singular-dual-plural number: orgŋo "man", orgŋe "two men", orkŋin "men"
- Default OSV: állea orgŋo raiŧa "woman-ACC man sees"
- Strictly left-branching: čorvonea solgalvá orgŋea raiŧai "car-ACC bought man-ACC see-1SG"
- Three basic verb stems (transitive, intransitive, passive): raiŧaid "see something", raiŧiid "have the ability of vision", raiŧid "be seen"
- Polypersonal subject/object agreement: raiŧasai "I see you", raiŧai "I see him/her", raiŧanan "you see me"
- Indicative, necessitative, desiderative, potential and permissive moods: raiŧai "I see it", raiŧahai "I must see it", raiŧažai "I want to see it", raiŧasai "I can see it", raiŧaŧai "I'm allowed to see it"
- Multipurpose imperative: raiŧanjo "see!", raiŧavvanjo "you certainly saw", raiŧajjo "let me see"
- Nouns and adjectives conjugable like verbs: orgŋohai "I am a man", jeavvihea "it is yellow"
- Seventeen local cases (motion to, motion from, position at for external, internal, abstract, below and above location, plus abessive and comitative)
- Participles in local cases replacing conjunctions, with possessive suffixes agreeing with subject and object
Sample of Jáhkarrá[view] Čárá áliroahennaŧalváreačan hannáskariŋgáhai.

I represent to you all the sins you never had the courage to commit.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
uŧispancoat of arms
Sound samples in Jáhkarrá
Some sound samples of Jáhkarrá. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Oavvi! Eŋiva! Eŋiva čároa, eŋiva burbmaroačan!
Fine! Dishonour! Dishonour on you, dishonour on your cow!
Oaivistuhai raiŧaisai. Bárastinejo, dojja. Oavvinci?
I am very happy to see you. Please take a seat. How's it going?
Á, oháŋásti, sevil reaivasteačan huoŋirrarnujavvai. Honnjáže, ávvaresaičan vihčidahčiráin morrusálg...
Oh little prince, bit by bit I came to understand the secrets of your sad little life. For a long ti...
Language family relationships
Language treeIsolates
 ⤷ Isolate languages
  ⤷  Jáhkarrá
[view] About IsolatesThis is a family for isolate languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarGlottal
Nasal m m:     n n: n:ʲ nʲ     ŋ ŋ:  
Plosive p p:     t t: t:ʲ tʲ     k k:  
Fricative     θ θ: s s: ʃ ʃ:     h h:
Affricate       t͡s t͡s: t͡ʃ t͡ʃ:      
Lateral approximant       l l: l:ʲ lʲ        
Approximant   ʋ ʋ:       j j:    
Trill       r r:        
VowelsFrontBack
Close i i: u
Close-mid e o
Near-open æ  
Open a: ɑ
Polyphthongs ie uo ea
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Jáhkarrá. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 JáhkarráOrthography
a/ɑ/b/p/c/t͡s/d/t/e/e/g/k/h/h/i/i/j/i/, /j/k/k/l/l/
m/m/n/n/o/o/p/p/r/r/s/s/t/t/u/u/v/ʋ/z/t͡s/á/a:/
č/t͡ʃ/š/ʃ/bb/p:/cc/t͡s:/dd/t:/ddj/t:ʲ/dj/tʲ/ea/æ//ea/gg/k:/hh/h:/
ie/ie/ii/i:/jj/j:/kk/k:/lj/lʲ/ll/l:/llj/l:ʲ/mm/m:/nj/nʲ/nn/n:/nnj/n:ʲ/
oa/oɑ/pp/p:/rr/r:/ss/s:/tj/tʲ/tt/t:/ttj/t:ʲ/uo/uo/vv/ʋ:/zz/t͡s:/ŋ/ŋ/
ŋŋ/ŋ:/šš/ʃ:/ŧ/θ/ŧŧ/θ:/ž/t͡ʃ/žž/t͡ʃ:/čč/t͡ʃ:/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Jáhkarrá: Orthography
    The spelling of Jáhkarrá, especially consonant gradation
    07-Jan-20 17:00
    Jáhkarrá: Consonant gradation
    Consonant gradation in Jáhkarrá
    10-May-19 09:57
    Jáhkarrá grammar: Verbs
    Summary of how Jáhkarrá verbs work.
    05-Mar-19 14:22
    Jáhkarrá: Noun cases
    The twenty-two cases of Jáhkarra
    07-Jan-19 14:55
    Jáhkarrá: Politeness
    Polite expressions in Jáhkarrá
    05-Jan-19 10:30
    Jáhkarrá: Syntax of the passive and discourse deixis
    Use of the passive and its connection to animacy. Use of the...
    14-Dec-18 10:36
    Jáhkarrá: Derivational morphology
    Derivational suffixes
    05-Dec-18 16:16
    Jáhkarrá: Nouns
    Overview of the nouns
    05-Dec-18 16:15
    Typological information for Jáhkarrá

    Morphological typologyPolysynthetic
    Number of nominal casesEight cases or more
    Primary word orderOSV
    Verb agreementSubject and object
    Marked person (verb)1st/2nd/3rd/4th persons

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