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Jáhkarrá [JHK]
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Jáhkarrá
Jáhkarrá
[ˈjahːkɑrːaː]
Registered by Hastrica on 26 August 2018
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSpoken by a population of around 800,000 in: JáhkavarraOfficial DachashkMinority
Species Human/humanoid
About Jáhkarrá
movasáid jáhkarálan stirgalviži

movasáid jáhkarálan stirgalviži

mov-a-s-áid jáhkará-lan stirg-alv-i-ž-i

receive-TRANSTransitive (valency)
has two arguments
-2SSecond person singular (person)
addressee (you)
.OBJObject (argument)-1PEFirst person plural exclusive (person)
we (exclusive)
.SUBSubject (argument) Jáhkarrá-ELAElative (case)
'out of, from'
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
write-breathe-INTRIntransitive (valency)
has one argument
-DESDesiderative (mood)
wishes, desires, wants
.PRSPresent tense (tense).PCPParticiple
adjectival form of a verb
-VOCVocative (case)
'O [addressee]'
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity

Welcome, you who wants to read about Jáhkarrá!

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Features:

- Consonant gradation - stem consonants change depending on the suffix: orgŋo "man", orkŋin "men", orŋáin "of men"
- Singular-dual-plural number: orgŋo "man", orgŋe "two men", orkŋin "men"
- Default OSV: állea orgŋo raiŧa "woman-ACC man sees"
- Strictly left-branching: čorvonea solgalvá orgŋea raiŧai "car-ACC bought man-ACC see-1SG"
- Three basic verb stems (transitive, intransitive, passive): raiŧaid "see something", raiŧiid "have the ability of vision", raiŧid "be seen"
- Polypersonal subject/object agreement: raiŧasai "I see you", raiŧai "I see him/her", raiŧanan "you see me"
- Indicative, necessitative, desiderative, potential and permissive moods: raiŧai "I see it", raiŧahai "I must see it", raiŧažai "I want to see it", raiŧasai "I can see it", raiŧaŧai "I'm allowed to see it"
- Multipurpose imperative: raiŧanjo "see!", raiŧavvanjo "you certainly saw", raiŧajjo "let me see"
- Nouns and adjectives conjugable like verbs: orgŋohai "I am a man", jeavvihea "it is yellow"
- Seventeen local cases (motion to, motion from, position at for external, internal, abstract, below and above location, plus abessive and comitative)
- Participles in local cases replacing conjunctions, with possessive suffixes agreeing with subject and object
Sample of Jáhkarrá[view] Á, oháŋásti, sevil reaivasteačan huoŋirrarnujavvai. Honnjáže, ávvaresaičan vihčidahčiráin morrusálgahivva. Eaŧastea čirŋossavvehai lihčaŧu meaigá báinnurii, áistaláraičanan: Vihčidahčireain állážeavai.[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
vurpildusnwheelmaker's shop
vurpilbmeanwheelmaker
bárorvvonnwheelchair
Sound samples in Jáhkarrá
Some sound samples of Jáhkarrá. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Á, oháŋásti, sevil reaivasteačan huoŋirrarnujavvai. Honnjáže, ávvaresaičan vihčidahčiráin morrusálg...
Oh little prince, bit by bit I came to understand the secrets of your sad little life. For a long ti...
Language family relationships
Language treeIsolates
 ⤷ Isolate languages
  ⤷  Jáhkarrá
[view] About IsolatesThis is a family for isolate languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalVelarGlottal
Nasal m m:     n n: n:ʲ nʲ     ŋ ŋ:  
Plosive p p:     t t: t:ʲ tʲ     k k:  
Fricative     θ θ: s s: ʃ ʃ:     h h:
Affricate       t͡s t͡s: t͡ʃ t͡ʃ:      
Lateral approximant       l l: l:ʲ lʲ        
Approximant   ʋ ʋ:       j j:    
Trill       r r:        
VowelsFrontBack
Close i i: u
Close-mid e o
Near-open æ  
Open a: ɑ
Polyphthongs ie uo ea
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Jáhkarrá. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 JáhkarráOrthography
a/ɑ/á/a:/b/p/bb/p:/c/t͡s/cc/t͡s:/č/t͡ʃ/čč/t͡ʃ:/d/t/dd/t:/dj/tʲ/
ddj/t:ʲ/e/e/ea/æ//ea/g/k/gg/k:/h/h/hh/h:/i/i/ii/i:/ie/ie/
j/i/, /j/jj/j:/k/k/kk/k:/l/l/ll/l:/lj/lʲ/llj/l:ʲ/m/m/mm/m:/n/n/
nn/n:/nj/nʲ/nnj/n:ʲ/ŋ/ŋ/ŋŋ/ŋ:/o/o/oa/oɑ/p/p/pp/p:/r/r/rr/r:/
s/s/ss/s:/š/ʃ/šš/ʃ:/t/t/tt/t:/tj/tʲ/ttj/t:ʲ/ŧ/θ/ŧŧ/θ:/u/u/
uo/uo/v/ʋ/vv/ʋ:/z/t͡s/zz/t͡s:/ž/t͡ʃ/žž/t͡ʃ:/
✔ Shown in correct order
    Latest 8 related articles listed below.
    Jáhkarrá: Consonant gradation
    Consonant gradation in Jáhkarrá
    10-May-19 09:57
    Jáhkarrá grammar: Verbs
    Summary of how Jáhkarrá verbs work.
    05-Mar-19 13:22
    Jáhkarrá: Noun cases
    The twenty-two cases of Jáhkarra
    07-Jan-19 13:55
    Jáhkarrá: Politeness
    Polite expressions in Jáhkarrá
    05-Jan-19 09:30
    Jáhkarrá: Syntax of the passive and discourse deixis
    Use of the passive and its connection to animacy. Use of the...
    14-Dec-18 09:36
    Jáhkarrá: Derivational morphology
    Derivational suffixes
    05-Dec-18 15:16
    Jáhkarrá: Nouns
    Overview of the nouns
    05-Dec-18 15:15
    Jáhkarrá: Verb stems
    Overview over the four stems of a Jáhkarrá verb and their sy...
    05-Dec-18 15:15
    Typological information for Jáhkarrá

    Morphological typologyPolysynthetic
    Number of nominal casesEight cases or more
    Primary word orderOSV
    Verb agreementSubject and object
    Marked person (verb)1st/2nd/3rd/4th persons

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