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Nesyanian [EYI]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 5,500 words
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Nesyanian
yak’a esaini
[jakʼa esaɪ̯ɲi | jakʰa eseːɲi]
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 10 November 2019
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Place & SpeakersNesyanian is spoken by a population of around 57,000,000 in Nesyania and Zaloma.
Species Human/humanoid
About Nesyanian
airah,kankamau c’ehi! Airah, kankamau c’ehi!
(Welcome, honorable wanderer!)

My last attempt on creating an analytical language with almost no declension has failed miserably, so after a ragequit I'm changing it into a blursed agglutinative abomination.


  • mostly head-initial – VSO by default, the possessee preceeds the possessor, and adjectives/adverbs (which are identical) come after the nouns and verbs they describe
  • noun incorporation and affixes are less head-initial though, and the word order actually can be quite free
  • noun declension system featuring 10 cases, 3 numbers and a bunch of other affixed modifiers
  • each verb has 6 slots for various affixes marking tense, mood, intensity, subject and object, which can create pretty words such as ladeitėuzhembedwayaxouya [la.deɪ.təʊs.hem.be.dwa.ja.xoʊ.ja] “if only they could not make me very happy” (NEGNegative (polarity)
    not
    -PTPast tense (tense)
    action occurred before moment of speech
    -OPTOptative (mood)
    'wish, hope'
    -INTSIntensive-make_happy-3PThird person plural (person)
    neither speaker nor addressee, they/them
    .SUBSubject (argument)-1SFirst person singular (person)
    speaker, signer, etc.; I
    .DODirect object (case/role))
  • ejective consonants to make it look less like Standard Average European
  • way too frequently used diphthongs
    cek’atoihadėi [t͡ʃe.kʼa.toɪ.ha.dəɪ] “trustworthy”
    zaulaineun [zaʊ.laɪ.neʊn] “weaknesses”
    deitėuzaiṡeyindaisa [deɪ.təʊ.zaɪ.ʃe.jin.daɪ.sa] “if I tightened it strongly”
    (dialectally they change into long vowels)
  • written in zundur zetaxa owo
  • more details can be found here
Sample of Nesyanian[view] Deiṅaṡ kazė meu yauti yari, zanehi, in ṅewaraiwah bat’ajun. Ru frauztuyabou zeṡni waraṡ ṡunte wai twėm, fim dulaxou krėi.

My old mother always used to say, my lord, that facts are like cows. If you stare them in the face hard enough, they generally run away.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
hilalenjennew year
nefereihannwedding feast
fit’inadjripe
Language family relationships
Language treeIsolates
 ⤷ Isolate languages
  ⤷  Nesyanian
[view] About IsolatesThis is a family for isolate languages.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarGlottal
Nasal m m:   n n:   ɲ   [ŋ]1  
Plosive [p]2 b   t tʼ d       k kʼ g [ʔ]3
Fricative   f s s: z ʃ ʒ [ç]4 [ç:]5   x h
Affricate       t͡ʃ t͡ʃʼ d͡ʒ        
Lateral approximant     l l:          
Approximant         j j: w    
Flap     ɾ ɾ:          
  1. before velars, allophone of /n/
  2. after /m/, allophone of /f/
  3. before other voiced stops, allophone of /g/
  4. before /i/, allophone of /h/
  5. marginal
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close i1   u
Close-mid e   o
Mid   ə  
Open a2    
Polyphthongs 3 əʊ əɪ
  1. realized as [ɪ] after /ɾ w/
  2. actually more central [ä ~ ɐ]
  3. used in free variation with [we] or [wɪ]
Syllable StructureThe syllable structure in native Nesyanian words is generally (C)(ɾ/w/x)V(N), most syllables being CV or CVN (V can be a diphthong as well, not necessarily a plain single vowel). Occasionally a syllable can end with some other consonant, usually /ɾ/ or /l/.

Attested word-initial clusters include:
/bɾ mɾ fɾ dɾ tɾ zɾ d͡ʒɾ t͡ʃɾ kɾ xɾ/ (sometimes, e.g. in certain dialects, /ɾ/ alters with /l/)
/bw mw nw dw tw sw zw gw kw xw/
/mx fx tx t͡ʃx sx/

Ejective consonants /tʼ t͡ʃʼ kʼ/ cannot start a cluster or be word-final.
Most non-plosive consonants can be geminated/long, but a geminated consonant cannot start a word.
Stress informationThe default stress location is the penultimate syllable. In a few words, such as some interjections, the stress falls on the last syllable, e.g. airah [aɪˈɾah] (“greetings!” or “hello!”).
OtherDialectally and in rapid/informal speech diphthongs are simplified as follows: /aɪ əɪ/ → /eː/, /eɪ/ → /iː/, /aʊ əʊ/ → /oː/, /oʊ/ → /uː/, /eʊ/ → /ɯː/, /oɪ̯/ → /we/, for example:
/aʊsaluŋgəɪ/ [oːsaluŋeː]
/daɪnexoʊ/ [deːnexuː]
/doɪwaɪ/ [dweweː] etc.

Consonants preceeding /i/ are slightly palatalized (except for /ɾ w/). This feature is not marked in the IPA transcription.

Combinations of /u/ + nasal consonant become [ũ] when they are word-final or preceed another consonant, for example /ɲum/ [ɲũ], /sunti/ [sũti].
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Nesyanian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 NesyanianOrthography [edit]
a
a
a
/a/1
b
b
ba
/b/
f
f
fa
/f/, [p]2
j
j
je
/d͡ʒ/
c
c
ce
/t͡ʃ/
c’
c’
c’e
/t͡ʃʼ/
d
d
da
/d/
t
t
ta
/t/
t’
t’
t’a
/tʼ/
ė
ė
ė
/ə/
e
e
e
/e/
i
i
i
/i/3
y
y
ya
/j/
h
h
ha
/h/, [ç]4
g
g
ga
/g/, [ʔ]5
k
k
ka
/k/
k’
k’
k’a
/kʼ/
x
x
xa
/x/
l
l
la
/l/
r
r
ra
/ɾ/
m
m
ma
/m/
n
n
na
/n/, [ŋ]6
ṅe
/ɲ/
o
o
o
/o/
w
w
wa
/w/
u
u
u
/u/
z
z
za
/z/
s
s
sa
/s/
ż
ż
że
/ʒ/
ṡe
/ʃ/
✔ Shown in correct order [change]
  1. actually more central [ä ~ ɐ]
  2. after /m/
  3. realized as [ɪ] after /ɾ w/
  4. before /i/
  5. before other voiced stops
  6. before velars
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
State anthem of Nesyania 02-Mar-24 10:37
LotM - Jun 23: Nesyanian
LotM returns with a vengeance, highlighting the elegance of ...
02-Jun-23 16:19
Nesyanian grammar 2.0 or something
Not OOD anymore, yay. The conlang is still blursed
28-May-23 09:21
Moods in the Nesyanian language
usage examples etc
18-Apr-23 08:28
Standard vs. Zalomese Nesyanian
some dialectal variety yay
18-Apr-23 08:28
CoWriMo 2022 – Nesyanian
a compilation of the texts I wrote
28-Feb-22 20:39
Typological information for Nesyanian

Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Morphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusative
Number of nominal casesEight cases or more
Primary word orderVSO
Verb agreementSubject and object

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