cws
Greetings Guest
home > profile > view_language
Old Yopptekkal [PYP]
3▲ 3 ▼ 0
Typology Progressing 91 words
[view flag info]
Old Yopptekkal
zaqauŋad yupptíkkál
[sɑ̀ɢɑ̀wŋàt͡ɬ jòp:ték:ál]*
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 5 March 2019
Language type Proto-Conlang
Species Human/humanoid
About Old Yopptekkal Old Yopptekal is a language from the Yijkitliihin peninsula used for several religious texts written at the time of the Yáíhqał Revolt. It is phonetically and grammatically indistinguishable from Proto-Yopptekal.
Sample of Old Yopptekkal[view] Lánzakáwijŋiz saitiq luzayuuŋaz luíháídíc ƙáás náíŋáí ki wínlánzalááqháídí náyan wánáípázáƙaastínná ŋáŋáí

They looked the other way when things were taken from us, and got in our way when we tried to take it.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
sáyíkndragon
kiijatpwho
kiijpwho
Language family relationships
Language treeYopptekal
 ⤷  Old Yopptekkal
[view] About YopptekalThis family, endemic to the Pezan peninsula (on the southwestern extreme of Katiin), is famous for its complex verbal morphology, particularly with regard to mood.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularOther
Nasal   n       ŋ    
Plosive p [b]1 t tʼ [d]2       k kʼ kʼʷ kʷ [g]3 [gʷ]4 q qʼ [ɢ]5  
Fricative   s [z]6 ʃ [ʒ]7     x xʷ [ɣ]8 [ɣʷ]9 χ [ʁ]10  
Affricate     t͡ʃ t͡ʃʼ [d͡ʒ]11         t͡ɬ t͡ɬʼ [d͡ɮ]12
Lateral approximant   l            
Lateral fricative   ɬ [ɮ]13            
Approximant       j w      
  1. Intervocalic, allophone of /p/
  2. Intervocalic, allophone of /t/
  3. Intervocalic, allophone of /k/
  4. Intervocalic, allophone of /kʷ/
  5. Intervocalic, allophone of /q/
  6. Intervocalic, allophone of /s/
  7. Intervocalic, allophone of /ʃ/
  8. Intervocalic, allophone of /x/
  9. Intervocalic, allophone of /xʷ/
  10. Intervocalic, allophone of /χ/
  11. Intervocalic, allophone of /t͡ʃ/
  12. Intervocalic, allophone of /t͡ɬ/
  13. Intervocalic, allophone of /ɬ/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close î: í: ì: í ì [ɨ̂:]1 [ɨ́:]2 [ɨ̀:]3 [ɨ́]4 [ɨ̀]5 û: ú: ù: ú ù
Close-mid [ê:]6 [é:]7 [è:]8 [é]9 [è]10 [ɘ̂:]11 [ɘ́:]12 [ɘ̀:]13 [ɘ́]14 [ɘ̀]15 [ô:]16 [ó:]17 [ò:]18 [ó]19 [ò]20
Open â: á: à: á à   [ɑ̂:]21 [ɑ́:]22 [ɑ̀:]23 [ɑ́]24 [ɑ̀]25
Polyphthongs aû aú aù aî aí aì
  1. Following uvulars, allophone of /î:/
  2. Following uvulars, allophone of /í:/
  3. Following uvulars, allophone of /ì:/
  4. Following uvulars, allophone of /í/
  5. Following uvulars, allophone of /ì/
  6. In closed syllables, allophone of /î:/
  7. In closed syllables, allophone of /í:/
  8. In closed syllables, allophone of /ì:/
  9. In closed syllables, allophone of /í/
  10. In closed syllables, allophone of /ì/
  11. Following uvulars, in closed syllables, allophone of /î:/
  12. Following uvulars, in closed syllables, allophone of /í:/
  13. Following uvulars, in closed syllables, allophone of /ì:/
  14. Following uvulars, in closed syllables, allophone of /í/
  15. Following uvulars, in closed syllables, allophone of /ì/
  16. In closed syllables, allophone of /û:/
  17. In closed syllables, allophone of /ú:/
  18. In closed syllables, allophone of /ù:/
  19. In closed syllables, allophone of /ú/
  20. In closed syllables, allophone of /ù/
  21. Following uvulars, allophone of /â:/
  22. Following uvulars, allophone of /á:/
  23. Following uvulars, allophone of /à:/
  24. Following uvulars, allophone of /á/
  25. Following uvulars, allophone of /à/
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Old Yopptekkal. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Old YopptekkalOrthography
á/á/, [ɑ́]1a/à/, [ɑ̀]2c/t͡ʃ/, [d͡ʒ]3/t͡ʃʼ/d/t͡ɬ/, [d͡ɮ]4/t͡ɬʼ/g/kʷ/, [gʷ]5/kʼʷ/h/χ/, [ʁ]6
i/ì/, [è]7, [ɨ̀]8, [ɘ̀]9í/í/, [ɨ́]10, [ɘ́]11, [é]12j/x/, [ɣ]13k/k/, [g]14/kʼ/l/l/n/n/p/p/, [b]15q/q/, [ɢ]16
/qʼ/s/ʃ/, [ʒ]17t/t/, [d]18/tʼ/u/ù/, [ò]19ú/ú/, [ó]20w/w/x/xʷ/, [ɣʷ]21y/j/
z/s/, [z]22ł/ɬ/, [ɮ]23ŋ/ŋ/ƈ/t͡ʃʼ/ɗ/t͡ɬʼ/ɠ/kʼʷ/ƙ/kʼ/ƭ/tʼ/ʠ/qʼ/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. Following uvulars
  2. Following uvulars
  3. Intervocalic
  4. Intervocalic
  5. Intervocalic
  6. Intervocalic
  7. In closed syllables
  8. Following uvulars
  9. Following uvulars, in closed syllables
  10. Following uvulars
  11. Following uvulars, in closed syllables
  12. In closed syllables
  13. Intervocalic
  14. Intervocalic
  15. Intervocalic
  16. Intervocalic
  17. Intervocalic
  18. Intervocalic
  19. In closed syllables
  20. In closed syllables
  21. Intervocalic
  22. Intervocalic
  23. Intervocalic
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Phonetics and Phonology of Proto-Yopptekal
Phonemic inventory and phonological rules
27-May-20 07:42
Typological information for Old Yopptekkal

Glottalised consonantsEjectives only
Morphological typologyPolysynthetic
Primary word orderVSO
ToneComplex system (3+ or contour tones)
Verb agreementAll three (subject + objects)

▼ More information ⇋ Compare
privacy | FAQs | rules | statistics | graphs | donate | api (indev)
Viewing CWS in: English | Time now is 29-Jan-23 05:56 | Δt: 320.2331ms