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Standard Keranian [TDK]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 6,600 words
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Standard Keranian
thiyani keraniy
[tχeˈja.ɲi k͡xəˈɾa.nej]
Registered by [Deactivated User] on 23 August 2019
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Place & SpeakersStandard Keranian is spoken by a population of around 3,600,000 in Kasewaya and Nesyania.
Species Human/humanoid
About Standard Keranian
  • fusional/agglutinative, nom/acc, strongly head-final
  • five grammatical aspects, sometimes they get lexical too
  • phonemic close vowels are unnecessary, change my mind
  • there's a ton of word-initial clusters
  • every longer phrase sounds like a death sentence
  • yeah, there are /wʲ χʲ/ as well
  • lots of  Nesyanian loanwords
  • grammar article: CLICK
  • an article about the conculture: CLICK № 2 (it has won an award so I guess it's good)
Sample of Standard Keranian[view] Ha pácigomay cihet tolorat wah ta stay hayinwi bamow ilen. Ilat lite áśi máye bi ápayleyna traniy dziyáś rá.

All the modern things like cars and such have always existed. They've just been waiting in a mountain for the right moment.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
decmalarayneninfinity
waciwániadvquietly
kayyawndelivery
Language family relationships
Language treeDesanian
 ⤷  Proto-Desanian
  ⤷  Old Desani
   ⤷ South Desanian
    ⤷  Standard Keranian
[view] About DesanianOne of the language families of the western regions of Dawera, among a few other unrelated groups of languages. It is divided into two branches: Southern and Northern.
Modern Desanian languages, all descending from Old Desani, are spoken by over 40 ...
[edit] [view] Bevaradiy (Eastern Keranian)Pevaradiy [bvaɾadɪ] (literally ‘lakeside’), also known as Eastern Keranian is a dialect spoken mainly in northeastern Nesyania. It is more similar to the Saridzani language and its lexicon contains more Nesyanian loanwords than the standard variety.
[edit] [view] Kaswihiliy (Kasewayan Keranian)Kasewayan Keranian, native name Kaswihiliy [k͡xaswexelej] is a dialect spoken in central and eastern Kasewaya. Its lexicon contains less loanwords of Nesyanian origin and borrows more words from the Kasewayan language. The phonology is also more similar to Kasewayan.
[edit] [view] Zamavrivakiy (Zamafrian Keranian)The Zamafrian urban dialect, natively Zamavrivakiy [zəmavɾevakej], is a variety spoken in northern Nesyania, most notably in the city of Zamafri and surrounding areas.

(This dialect doesn't have any phonological quirks – besides pretty basic stuff such as some vowel reduction – as the standardized language is based on it.
I just didn't want to put casual/slang/vulgar words into actual literary Standard Keranian, so this is a separate dialect for them.)
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvular
Nasal m m: [m:ʲ]1 [mʲ]2   n n:   ɲ3 [ɲ:]4   [ŋ]5 [ɴ]6
Plosive p p: pʲ b b: bʲ   t t: tʲ d d: dʲ       k k: g q7 [ɢ]8
Fricative   [f]9 v vʲ s (s:) z ɕ ʑ       χ10 χʲ [ʁ]11
Affricate     t͡s d͡z t͡ɕ d͡ʑ d͡ʑ:     [k͡x]12 [g͡ɣ]13  
Lateral approximant     l l: lʲ          
Approximant         j j: w wʲ    
Flap     [ɾ̥]14 [ɾ̥ʲ]15 ɾ ɾ: ɾʲ          
  1. before [i], allophone of /m:/
  2. before [i], allophone of /m/
  3. also an allophone of /n/ before [i]
  4. before [i], allophone of /n:/
  5. before velars, allophone of /n/
  6. before uvulars, allophone of /n/
  7. actually post-velar [q ~ k], realized as [k] or [g] in certain environments
  8. allophone of /q/
  9. allophone of /v/
  10. actually post-velar [χ ~ x], realized as [x] in certain environments
  11. allophone of /χ/
  12. word-initial, allophone of /k/
  13. word-initial, allophone of /g/
  14. word-final, allophone of /ɾ/
  15. word-final, allophone of /ɾʲ/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close [i]1   [u]2
Close-mid e   o
Mid   ə3  
Open a4   ɑ
  1. after nasals, allophone of /e/
  2. before nasals, allophone of /o/
  3. [ɤ] after palatals
  4. [ɐ] after uvulars
Syllable Structure(C)(C)(L)V(C)(C)
L stands for /l ɾ v w/

In contrast to Old Desani, Keranian allows complex syllable structure. The largest consonant cluster possible is CCC; clusters made of more than three consonants aren't allowed even when being cross-syllable.
Stress informationThe default stress location is on the penultimate syllable. Nouns ending with -ow/-aw are the main exception: the last syllable is stressed.
Case markers do not move the stress location, therefore some forms are stressed on the third-to-last syllable.
OtherAll voiced stops/taps, affricates and fricatives are devoiced at the end of a word.
Vowel length distinctions are unexistent, but most consonants can be geminated/long (it is marked simply by a double letter).
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Standard Keranian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Standard KeranianOrthography [edit]
a
a
a
/a/1
á
á
sáliy a
/ɑ/
b
b
be
/b/
p
p
pe
/p/
v
v
va
/v/, [f]
j
j
ji
/d͡ʑ/
c
c
ce
/t͡ɕ/
d
d
da
/d/
t
t
ta
/t/
e
e
hzaniy
/ə/2
i
i
i
/e/, [i]3
y
y
ye
/j/
h
h
ha
/χ/4, [ʁ]
g
g
ga
/g/, [g͡ɣ]5
k
k
ka
/k/, [k͡x]6
q
q
qa
/q/7, [ɢ]
l
l
la
/l/
r
r
ra
/ɾ/, [ɾ̥]8
m
m
mi
/m/
n
n
ni
/n/, [ŋ]9, [ɴ]10
o
o
o
/o/, [u]11
w
w
wa
/w/
z
z
za
/z/
s
s
sa
/s/
ź
ź
żiye
/ʑ/
ś
ś
śiye
/ɕ/
pp
pp
/p:/
✔ Shown in correct order [change]
  1. [ɐ] after uvulars
  2. [ɤ] after palatals
  3. after nasals
  4. actually post-velar [χ ~ x], realized as [x] in certain environments
  5. word-initial
  6. word-initial
  7. actually post-velar [q ~ k], realized as [k] or [g] in certain environments
  8. word-final
  9. before velars
  10. before uvulars
  11. before nasals
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
LotM - Apr 20: Standard Keranian
April 2020 has come, and siblaime's Standard Keranian is the...
12-Jan-24 20:29
Some info on Standard (and non-standard) Keranian
Grammar, syntax and basic morphology
04-Jan-24 16:19
Desanian language family
Some information about Desanlangs and a comparison of their ...
02-Jan-24 09:19
Concultural notes #1: Keranians [NOT GLITCHED ANYMORE]
the monument of sib's wasted time
12-Sep-23 13:37
Keranian phonology
boredsib.jpg
07-Sep-23 08:57
Typological information for Standard Keranian

Inclusive/exclusive pronounsDistinct forms
Morphological typologyFusional
Number of nominal casesSix cases
Primary word orderSOV
Future tenseVerb conjugation

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