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Standard Keranian [TDK]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 4,400 words
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Standard Keranian
Theyane Kėraney
[tχeˈjaɲi k͡xəˈɾanej]
Registered by Siblaime on 23 August 2019
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Place & SpeakersStandard Keranian is spoken by a population of around 3,600,000 in Kasewaya, northern Nesyania and parts of Tazul.
Species Human/humanoid
About Standard Keranian
— A complete grammar article: CLICK
— An article about the conculture: CLICK № 2

Vox populi:






• fusional, nominative-accusative, strongly head-final
• derived from  Old Desani with lots of  Nesyanian loanwords
• loosely inspired by Pashto (the vowel system, consonant clusters, lots of words ending with /ə/ or a diphthong, etc.)
• actually it looks more like an Albanian-Slavic version of Pig Latin
• no standalone verb ‘to be’ (only a conjugable suffix) and no separate verb meaning ‘to exist’
• no phonemic close vowels
• when word-initial, clusters /ts dz tɕ dʑ/ are distinguished from affricates /t͡s d͡z t͡ɕ d͡ʑ/
• word-initial clusters are actually quite common (over 80 allowed possibilities, some somewhat cursed)
• the whole lang is dotted like a damn ladybug, because diacritics
Sample of Standard Keranian[view] Lavoraże cemekotawo, agvoraże nėyrkotawo kotekė.

I eat yesterday for breakfast and tomorrow for dinner.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
tojayadjmalfunctioning
tojaneadjbroken
tojayaneadjbroken
Language family relationships
Language treeDesanian
 ⤷  Proto-Desanian
  ⤷  Old Desani
   ⤷ Southern Desani
    ⤷ Dəmáyat
     ⤷  Standard Keranian
[view] About Desanian
One of the language families of the western regions of Dawera, among two other unrelated groups of languages, Bereshen and Nesyanian.

There are two branches, Southern and Northern; both descend from the oldest attested language of the fami...
[view] Pevaradei (Eastern Keranian)Pevaradei [bvaˈɾadɪ] (literally ‘lakeside’), also known as Eastern Keranian is a dialect spoken in the northeastern Nesyania and in Inwez.

Number of speakers: c. 250,000

Main phonological differences:
• alveolopalatals become postalveolars
• word-initial affricates usually become fricatives
• some consonant clusters are simplified
• /ɑn ɑm/ are [un um]
• unstressed /aj ej/ are [əj ɪ] or [ej ɪ]
[view] Kaswehelei (Kasewayan Keranian)Kasewayan Keranian, native name Kasweheley or Kaswehelei [k͡xasweˈχeɫej] is a dialect spoken in central and eastern Kasewaya.

Number of speakers: c. 570,000

Main phonological differences:
• alveolopalatals become postalveolars (and retroflexes in some clusters)
• /e/ closed to [i] after postalveolars
• word-initial velar stops often become fricatives (no consistence, though)
• /ɒ/ instead of /ɑ/
• /ɫ/ instead of /l/
[view] Zamavrevakei (Zamafrian dialect)Zamafrian urban dialect, natively Zamavrevakei [zəmavɾeˈvakej], is a variety spoken in northern Nesyania, most notably in the city of Zamafri and surrounding areas.

(This dialect doesn't have any phonological quirks – besides pretty basic stuff such as some vowel reduction – as the standardized language is based on it.
I just didn't want to put casual/slang/vulgar words into actual literary Standard Keranian, so this is a separate dialect for them.)
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvular
Nasal m m:   n n:   [ɲ]1   [ŋ]2 [ɴ]3
Plosive p p: pʲ b b: bʲ   t t: [ⁿt]4 tʲ d d: [ⁿd]5 dʲ       k k: [ᵑk]6 g [ᵑg]7 q8 [ᶰq]9 [ɢ]10
Fricative   [f]11 v vʲ s s: z ɕ ʑ     [x]12 χ13 [ʁ]14
Affricate     t͡s d͡z t͡ɕ d͡ʑ d͡ʑ:     [k͡x]15 [g͡ɣ]16  
Lateral approximant     l l: lʲ          
Approximant         j j: w    
Flap     ɾ ɾ: ɾʲ          
Blends wa wo we ja je jo ju
  1. before [i], allophone of /n/
  2. before velars, allophone of /n/
  3. before uvulars, allophone of /n/
  4. a word-initial allophone of the cluster [nt]
  5. a word-initial allophone of the cluster [nd]
  6. a word-initial allophone of the cluster [ŋk]
  7. a word-initial allophone of the cluster [ŋg]
  8. actually post-velar [q ~ k], realized as [k] or [g] in certain environments
  9. a word-initial allophone of the cluster [ɴq]
  10. allophone of /q/
  11. allophone of /v/
  12. allophone of /χ/
  13. actually post-velar [χ ~ x], realized as [x] in certain environments
  14. allophone of /χ/
  15. word-initial, allophone of /k/
  16. word-initial, allophone of /g/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close [i]1   [u]2
Close-mid e   o
Mid   ə3  
Open a4   ɑ
Polyphthongs aj ɐj ej əj oj ɑj ow aw ew əw
ɤj ɤw
  1. after nasals, allophone of /e/
  2. before nasals, allophone of /o/
  3. [ɤ] after palatals
  4. [ɐ] after uvulars
Syllable StructureIn contrast to Old Desani, Keranian allows complex syllable structure. The largest consonant cluster possible is CCC; clusters made of more than three consonants aren't allowed even when being cross-syllable.
Stress informationThe default stress location is on the penultimate syllable. Nouns ending with -ow/-aw and adverbs ending with -áne are the main exception - the last syllable is stressed.
Case markers and copula suffixes do not move the stress location, therefore some forms are stressed on the third-to-last syllable.
OtherAll voiced consonants are devoiced at the end of a word.
Vowel length distinctions are unexistent, but most consonants can be geminated/long (it is marked simply by a double letter).
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Standard Keranian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Standard KeranianOrthography
Aa
a
/a/1
Áá
sálay a
/ɑ/
Bb
/b/
Pp
/p/
Jj
je
/d͡ʑ/
Cc
ce
/t͡ɕ/
Dd
da
/d/
Ḍḍ
ḍė
/d͡z/
Tt
ta
/t/
Ṭṭ
ṭė
/t͡s/
Ee
e
/e/, [i]2
Ėė
hzaney e
/ə/3
Gg
ga
/g/, [g͡ɣ]4
Hh
ha
/χ/5, [ʁ], [x]
Kk
ka
/k/, [k͡x]6
Qq
qa
/q/7, [ɢ]
Ll
la
/l/
Mm
/m/
Nn
/n/, [ɲ]8, [ŋ]9, [ɴ]10
Oo
o
/o/, [u]11
Rr
ra
/ɾ/
Ss
es
/s/
Vv
va
/v/, [f]
Ww
wa
/w/
Yy
/j/
Zz
za
/z/
Żż
ża
/ʑ/
Ṡṡ
eṡ
/ɕ/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. [ɐ] after uvulars
  2. after nasals
  3. [ɤ] after palatals
  4. word-initial
  5. actually post-velar [χ ~ x], realized as [x] in certain environments
  6. word-initial
  7. actually post-velar [q ~ k], realized as [k] or [g] in certain environments
  8. before [i]
  9. before velars
  10. before uvulars
  11. before nasals
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Concultural notes #1: Keranians
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26-Jun-20 08:48
Standard Keranian phonology
boredsib.jpg
18-Jun-20 17:01
Some info on Standard (and non-standard) Keranian
Grammar, syntax and basic morphology
05-Jun-20 09:38
Desanian language family
Some information about Desanlangs and a comparison of their ...
31-May-20 20:33
LotM - Apr 20: Standard Keranian
April 2020 has come, and siblaime's Standard Keranian is the...
17-Apr-20 16:54
Typological information for Standard Keranian

Inclusive/exclusive pronounsDistinct forms
Morphological typologyFusional
Number of nominal casesSix cases
Primary word orderSOV
Future tenseVerb conjugation

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