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Standard Keranian [TDK]
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Typology Functional 2,013 words
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Standard Keranian
Theyane Kėraney
[tχeˈjaɲi k͡xəˈranej]
Registered by Siblaime on 23 August 2019
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Place & SpeakersStandard Keranian is spoken by a population of around 3,000,000 in Kasewaya and northern Nesyania.
Species Human/humanoid
About Standard Keranian
The most up-to-date grammar doc: CLICK
An article about the conculture: CLICK

Vox populi:




Standard Keranian (aka Desani 2.0™) is a fusional, head-final language (SOV, but may go OSV sometimes as well), entirely derived from  Old Desani with some  Nesyanian and  Kasewayan loanwords. In the terms of aesthetics and visual similarity to natlangs, it was inspired by Pashto (the vowel system, consonant clusters, lots of words ending with /ə/ or a diphthong, etc.). Shares about 70% of its typology with Polish, Urdu and Hindi (sheesh).
Keranian has no standalone copula (it is used only as a suffix and sometimes dropped) and no verb meaning 'to exist'. At example, to say 'I exist' one has to say ecėykė1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
.COPCopula
used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate
.1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
– so more like 'I am me'.
Word-initial clusters are quite common in Keranian, /ɕt͡ɕ/, /ʑd͡ʑ/, /dbr/ and /txl/ being the most extreme examples. Several prenasalized stops are present as well, resulting in a few minimal pairs like de [di] 'you' vs nde [ⁿdi] 'so, then'. Close vowels /i u/ occur only as allophones of their close-mid equivalents, which leads to some orthographical ambiguities.
To avoid having digraphs for spelling fricatives and affricates, diacritics are used, so the whole lang is dotted like a damn ladybug.
Sample of Standard Keranian[view] (Pė vray,) ktaṡley kapė rejėce pá vlaymenė, áṡe kwoley eṡemmėże kane, áṡe delże láre ta áṡe vonaże neráne pėvlore. Kapė rejėte pá ṡebemenė: "Dec herė yorṡeveymė, vonaże rėjjene vlaye". Rejėt pá ṡebelenė: "Voṡyato, kapė, dratė herėt yorṡeveylė pcem aldaże vlayrė: vonė, pore, tkapė ṡelże mey nabáye kolyane rá tom vemė. Ta kapė ṡėl qė t...[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
ohadqárėnstoreroom
ohadqárėnstorehouse
ohadenvstore
Sound samples in Standard Keranian
Some sound samples of Standard Keranian. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Cesay vahtay menṡayaw ṡtárow e qeyėm ṡtáredo beymė.
The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.
Reżėm yegaymė ra de haymėże ṡtáremė ta ádo deże zatemė.
A friend is someone who knows all about you and still loves you.
Ażeyato esa tedo - zveyato esa ėpedo.
Give if you can - take if you have to.
Deyde san yaqárėymė?
Where is your head?
Jelekė.
I am happy.
Language family relationships
Language treeDesanian
 ⤷ Proto-Desanian
  ⤷  Old Desani
   ⤷ Early Demáyat
    ⤷  Standard Keranian
 
[view] Kaṡweyhele (Kasewayan Keranian)Kasewayan Keranian, native name Kaṡweyhele [k͡xaʃwejˈχeli] is a dialect spoken in central and eastern Kasewaya.

Main phonological differences:
• alveolopalatals become postalveolars (and alveolopalatal fricatives become retroflexes in consonant clusters)
• [i] is an allophone of /e/ not only in word-final positions, but also after postalveolars
• word-initial velar stops often become fricatives (there's no consistence, though)
• /ɒ/ instead of /ɑ/
[view] Pėvaradey (Pevaradey (Eastern) Keranian)Pevaradey Keranian [pəvaˈradej] (literally 'lakeside'), also known as Eastern Keranian is a dialect spoken in the northeastern Nesyania.

Main phonological differences:
• [ɰ] as an allophone of /w/ in clusters
• alveolopalatals become postalveolars
• word-initial affricates usually become fricatives
• some consonant clusters are simplified
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvular
Nasal m   n   [ɲ]1   [ŋ]2  
Plosive p pʲ b bʲ   t ⁿt tʲ d ⁿd dʲ       k ᵑk g ᵑg q3 [ɢ]4
Fricative   [f]5 v vʲ s z ɕ ʑ     [x]6 χ7 [ʁ]8
Affricate     t͡s d͡z t͡ɕ d͡ʑ     [k͡x]9 [g͡ɣ]10  
Lateral approximant     l lʲ          
Approximant         j w    
Trill     r11 rʲ          
  1. before [i], allophone of /n/
  2. before velars, allophone of /n/
  3. realized as [k] in word-final positions and as [k] or [g] in certain clusters
  4. allophone of /q/
  5. allophone of /v/
  6. allophone of /χ/
  7. realized as [x] in word-final positions
  8. allophone of /χ/
  9. emphatic word-initial, allophone of /k/
  10. emphatic word-initial, allophone of /g/
  11. can be as well realized as tap /ɾ/ in rapid speech
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close [i]1   [u]2
Close-mid e   o
Mid   ə  
Open a   ɑ
  1. preserved only in certain positions, allophone of /e/
  2. before nasals, allophone of /o/
Syllable StructureIn contrast to Old Desani, Keranian allows complex syllable structure. The largest consonant cluster possible is CCC; clusters made of more than three consonants aren't allowed even when being cross-syllable.
Word-final consonant clusters are unknown in Standard Keranian and in loanwords they have to be splitted by a schwa.
Stress informationThe default stress location is on the penultimate syllable. Nouns ending with -ow/-aw and adverbs ending with -áne are the main exception - the last syllable is stressed.
Case markers and copula suffixes do not move the stress location, therefore some forms are stressed on the third-to-last syllable.
OtherAll voiced consonants are devoiced at the end of a word.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Standard Keranian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Standard KeranianOrthography
Aa
a
/a/
Áá
sálay a
/ɑ/
Bb
/b/
Pp
/p/
Cc
ce
/t͡ɕ/
Jj
je
/d͡ʑ/
Dd
da
/d/
Ḍḍ
ḍė
/d͡z/
Tt
ta
/t/
Ṭṭ
ṭė
/t͡s/
Ee
e
/e/, [i]1
Ėė
hzanay e
/ə/
Gg
ga
/g/, [g͡ɣ]2
Hh
ha
/χ/3, [ʁ], [x]
Kk
ka
/k/, [k͡x]4
Qq
qa
/q/5, [ɢ]
Ll
la
/l/
Mm
/m/
Nn
/n/, [ɲ]6, [ŋ]7
Oo
o
/o/, [u]8
Rr
ra
/r/9
Ss
es
/s/
Vv
va
/v/, [f]
Ww
wa
/w/
Yy
/j/
Zz
za
/z/
Żż
ża
/ʑ/
Ṡṡ
eṡ
/ɕ/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. preserved only in certain positions
  2. emphatic word-initial
  3. realized as [x] in word-final positions
  4. emphatic word-initial
  5. realized as [k] in word-final positions and as [k] or [g] in certain clusters
  6. before [i]
  7. before velars
  8. before nasals
  9. can be as well realized as tap /ɾ/ in rapid speech
Additional Notes"hey, our people don't pronounce /i/ in most words anymore, so let's scratch <i> from our orthography like it never existed here and merge it with <e> /e/"
"but it still can be /i/ after /m n/, when one doesn't know the word it would be hard for them to tell whether it should be /i/ or..."
"oh shut up, like 50% of our ethnic group is illiterate, they won't care lol"
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Typological information for Standard Keranian

Inclusive/exclusive pronounsDistinct forms
Morphological typologyFusional
Primary word orderSOV
Marked aspect (verb)Other
Future tenseVerb conjugation

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