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Standard Keranian [TDK]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 3,505 words
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Standard Keranian
Theyane Kėraney
[tχeˈjaɲi k͡xəˈɾanej]
Registered by Siblaime on 23 August 2019
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Place & SpeakersStandard Keranian is spoken by a population of around 3,000,000 in Kasewaya, northern Nesyania and parts of Tazul.
Species Human/humanoid
About Standard Keranian
— A complete grammar article: CLICK
— An article about the conculture: CLICK № 2

Vox populi:






• fusional, nominative-accusative, head-final
• derived from  Old Desani with lots of  Nesyanian loanwords
• loosely inspired by Pashto (the vowel system, consonant clusters, lots of words ending with /ə/ or a diphthong, etc.)
• actually it looks more like an Albanian-Slavic version of Pig Latin
• no standalone verb ‘to be’ (only a conjugable suffix) and no separate verb meaning ‘to exist’
• no phonemic close vowels
• when word-initial, clusters /ts dz tɕ dʑ/ are distinguished from affricates /t͡s d͡z t͡ɕ d͡ʑ/
• word-initial clusters are actually quite common (over 80 allowed possibilities, some somewhat cursed)
• the whole lang is dotted like a damn ladybug, because diacritics
Sample of Standard Keranian[view] Qezáne daw dánraatwey ṡema kpá wadaycėn ṡtáy may onė yal ktecėn deráne.

I have never met a man so ignorant that I couldn't learn something from him.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
ktangaywayadjunstable
tácmerenvflash
racmerenvdisappear
Sound samples in Standard Keranian
Some sound samples of Standard Keranian. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
A, vahtoymė, hetėy. Taban qayrė!
Oh, that's right, honey. We don't have a son!
Rerė pėvrekė.
I’m crossing the bridge.
Language family relationships
Language treeDesanian
 ⤷ Proto-Desanian
  ⤷  Old Desani
   ⤷ Southern Desani
    ⤷ Dəmáyat
     ⤷  Standard Keranian
[view] About Desanian
One of the language families of the western regions of Dawera, among two other unrelated groups of languages, Tohei and Tazuru (Western Dawerian).

There are two branches, Southern and Northern; both derive themselves from the oldest attest...
[view] Pevaradei (Eastern Keranian)Pevaradei [bvaˈɾadɪ] (literally 'lakeside'), also known as Eastern Keranian is a dialect spoken in the northeastern Nesyania and in Inwez.

Number of speakers: c. 250,000

Main phonological differences:
• alveolopalatals become postalveolars
• word-initial affricates usually become fricatives
• some consonant clusters and diphthongs are simplified
• /ɑn ɑm/ [un um]
[view] Kaṡwehelei (Kasewayan Keranian)Kasewayan Keranian, native name Kaṡweheley or Kaṡwehelei [k͡xaʃweˈχelej] is a dialect spoken in central and eastern Kasewaya.

Number of speakers: c. 570,000

Main phonological differences:
• alveolopalatals become postalveolars (and retroflexes in some clusters)
• /e/ closed to [i] after postalveolars
• word-initial velar stops often become fricatives (no consistence, though)
• /ɒ/ instead of /ɑ/
[view] Zamavrevakei (Zamafrian dialect)Zamafrian urban dialect, natively Zamavrevakei [zəmavɾeˈvakej], is a variety spoken in northern Nesyania, most notably in the city of Zamafri and surrounding areas.

(This dialect doesn't have any phonological quirks – besides pretty basic stuff such as some vowel reduction – as the standardized language is based on it.
I just didn't want to put casual/slang/vulgar words into actual literary Standard Keranian, so this is a separate dialect for them.)
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvular
Nasal m   n   [ɲ]1   [ŋ]2 [ɴ]3
Plosive p pʲ b bʲ   t [ⁿt]4 tʲ d [ⁿd]5 dʲ       k [ᵑk]6 g [ᵑg]7 q8 [ɢ]9
Fricative   [f]10 v vʲ s z ɕ ʑ     [x]11 χ12 [ʁ]13
Affricate     t͡s d͡z t͡ɕ d͡ʑ     [k͡x]14 [g͡ɣ]15  
Lateral approximant     l lʲ          
Approximant         j w    
Trill     [r]16          
Flap     ɾ ɾʲ          
  1. before [i], allophone of /n/
  2. before velars, allophone of /n/
  3. before uvulars, allophone of /n/
  4. a word-initial allophone of the cluster [nt]
  5. a word-initial allophone of the cluster [nd]
  6. a word-initial allophone of the cluster [ŋk]
  7. a word-initial allophone of the cluster [ŋg]
  8. actually post-velar [q ~ k], realized as [k] or [g] in certain environments
  9. allophone of /q/
  10. allophone of /v/
  11. allophone of /χ/
  12. actually post-velar [χ ~ x], realized as [x] in certain environments
  13. allophone of /χ/
  14. word-initial, allophone of /k/
  15. word-initial, allophone of /g/
  16. allophone of /ɾ/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close [i]1   [u]2
Close-mid e   o
Mid   ə3  
Open a4   ɑ
  1. after nasals, allophone of /e/
  2. before nasals, allophone of /o/
  3. [ɤ] between a palatal and a nasal
  4. [ɐ] after uvulars
Syllable StructureIn contrast to Old Desani, Keranian allows complex syllable structure. The largest consonant cluster possible is CCC; clusters made of more than three consonants aren't allowed even when being cross-syllable.
Stress informationThe default stress location is on the penultimate syllable. Nouns ending with -ow/-aw and adverbs ending with -áne are the main exception - the last syllable is stressed.
Case markers and copula suffixes do not move the stress location, therefore some forms are stressed on the third-to-last syllable.
OtherAll voiced consonants are devoiced at the end of a word.
Vowel length distinctions are unexistent, but most consonants can be geminated/long (it is marked simply by a double letter).
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Standard Keranian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Standard KeranianOrthography
Aa
a
/a/1
Áá
sálay a
/ɑ/
Bb
/b/
Pp
/p/
Jj
je
/d͡ʑ/
Cc
ce
/t͡ɕ/
Dd
da
/d/
Ḍḍ
ḍė
/d͡z/
Tt
ta
/t/
Ṭṭ
ṭė
/t͡s/
Ee
e
/e/, [i]2
Ėė
hzaney e
/ə/3
Gg
ga
/g/, [g͡ɣ]4
Hh
ha
/χ/5, [ʁ], [x]
Kk
ka
/k/, [k͡x]6
Qq
qa
/q/7, [ɢ]
Ll
la
/l/
Mm
/m/
Nn
/n/, [ɲ]8, [ŋ]9, [ɴ]10
Oo
o
/o/, [u]11
Rr
ra
[r]
Ss
es
/s/
Vv
va
/v/, [f]
Ww
wa
/w/
Yy
/j/
Zz
za
/z/
Żż
ża
/ʑ/
Ṡṡ
eṡ
/ɕ/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. [ɐ] after uvulars
  2. after nasals
  3. [ɤ] between a palatal and a nasal
  4. word-initial
  5. actually post-velar [χ ~ x], realized as [x] in certain environments
  6. word-initial
  7. actually post-velar [q ~ k], realized as [k] or [g] in certain environments
  8. before [i]
  9. before velars
  10. before uvulars
  11. before nasals
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Some info on Standard (and non-standard) Keranian
Grammar, syntax and basic morphology
04-Apr-20 19:08
LotM - Apr 20: Standard Keranian
April 2020 has come, and siblaime's Standard Keranian is the...
02-Apr-20 18:23
Desanian language family
Some information about Desanlangs and a comparison of their ...
27-Mar-20 17:59
Song translations 26-Mar-20 18:40
Lessons (1)
1Lesson #1: Pronunciation
Typological information for Standard Keranian

Inclusive/exclusive pronounsDistinct forms
Morphological typologyFusional
Number of nominal casesSix cases
Primary word orderSOV
Future tenseVerb conjugation

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