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Standard Keranian [TDK]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 5,260 words
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Standard Keranian
Theyane Kėraney
[tχeˈjaɲi k͡xəˈɾanej]
Registered by Siblaime on 23 August 2019
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Place & SpeakersStandard Keranian is spoken by a population of around 3,600,000 .
Species Human/humanoid
About Standard Keranian
— A complete grammar article: CLICK
— An article about the conculture: CLICK № 2

Vox populi:

• fusional, nominative-accusative, strongly head-final
• derived from  Old Desani with lots of  Nesyanian loanwords
• loosely inspired by Pashto (the vowel system, consonant clusters, lots of words ending with /ə/ or a diphthong, etc.)
• actually it looks more like an Albanian-Slavic version of Pig Latin
• no standalone verb ‘to be’ (only a conjugable suffix) and no separate verb meaning ‘to exist’
• no phonemic close vowels
• when word-initial, clusters /ts dz tɕ dʑ/ are distinguished from affricates /t͡s d͡z t͡ɕ d͡ʑ/
• word-initial clusters are actually quite common (over 80 allowed possibilities, some somewhat cursed)
Sample of Standard Keranian[view] Lavoraże cemekotawo, agvoraże nėyrkotawo kotekė.

I eat yesterday for breakfast and tomorrow for dinner.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
benenjėmnsettler
benenjaneadjsettled
benengannsettlement
Language family relationships
Language treeDesanian
 ⤷  Proto-Desanian
  ⤷  Old Desani
   ⤷ South Desanian
    ⤷ Dəmáyat
     ⤷  Standard Keranian
[view] About Desanian
One of the language families of the western regions of Dawera, among two other unrelated groups of languages, Bereshen and Nesyanian.

There are two branches of the family, South and North; both descend from the oldest attested language of ...
[view] Pevaradei (Eastern Keranian)Pevaradei [bvaˈɾadɪ] (literally ‘lakeside’), also known as Eastern Keranian is a dialect spoken in the northeastern Nesyania and in Inwez.

Number of speakers: c. 250,000

Main phonological differences:
• alveolopalatals become postalveolars
• word-initial affricates usually become fricatives
• some consonant clusters are simplified
• /ɑn ɑm/ are [un um]
• unstressed /aj ej/ are [əj ɪ] or [ej ɪ]
[view] Kaswehelei (Kasewayan Keranian)Kasewayan Keranian, native name Kasweheley or Kaswehelei [k͡xasweˈχeɫej] is a dialect spoken in central and eastern Kasewaya.

Number of speakers: c. 570,000

Main phonological differences:
• alveolopalatals become postalveolars (and retroflexes in some clusters)
• /e/ closed to [i] after postalveolars
• word-initial velar stops often become fricatives (no consistence, though)
• /ɒ/ instead of /ɑ/
• /ɫ/ instead of /l/
[view] Zamavrevakei (Zamafrian dialect)Zamafrian urban dialect, natively Zamavrevakei [zəmavɾeˈvakej], is a variety spoken in northern Nesyania, most notably in the city of Zamafri and surrounding areas.

(This dialect doesn't have any phonological quirks – besides pretty basic stuff such as some vowel reduction – as the standardized language is based on it.
I just didn't want to put casual/slang/vulgar words into actual literary Standard Keranian, so this is a separate dialect for them.)
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvular
Nasal m m: [m:ʲ]1 [mʲ]2   n n:   [ɲ]3   [ŋ]4 [ɴ]5
Plosive p p: pʲ b b: bʲ   t t: [ⁿt]6 tʲ d d: [ⁿd]7 dʲ       k (k:) [ᵑk]8 g [ᵑg]9 q10 [ᶰq]11 [ɢ]12
Fricative   [f]13 v vʲ s (s:) z ɕ ʑ     [x]14 χ15 [ʁ]16
Affricate     t͡s d͡z t͡ɕ d͡ʑ d͡ʑ:     [k͡x]17 [g͡ɣ]18  
Lateral approximant     l l: lʲ          
Approximant         j j: w    
Flap     ɾ ɾ: ɾʲ          
Blends wa wo we ja je jo ju
  1. before [i], allophone of /m:/
  2. before [i], allophone of /m/
  3. before [i], allophone of /n/
  4. before velars, allophone of /n/
  5. before uvulars, allophone of /n/
  6. a word-initial allophone of the cluster [nt]
  7. a word-initial allophone of the cluster [nd]
  8. a word-initial allophone of the cluster [ŋk]
  9. a word-initial allophone of the cluster [ŋg]
  10. actually post-velar [q ~ k], realized as [k] or [g] in certain environments
  11. a word-initial allophone of the cluster [ɴq]
  12. allophone of /q/
  13. allophone of /v/
  14. allophone of /χ/
  15. actually post-velar [χ ~ x], realized as [x] in certain environments
  16. allophone of /χ/
  17. word-initial, allophone of /k/
  18. word-initial, allophone of /g/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close [i]1   [u]2
Close-mid e   o
Mid   ə3  
Open a4   ɑ
Polyphthongs aj ɐj ej əj oj ɑj ow aw ew əw
ɤj ɤw
  1. after nasals, allophone of /e/
  2. before nasals, allophone of /o/
  3. [ɤ] after palatals
  4. [ɐ] after uvulars
Syllable Structure(C)(C)(L)V(C)(C)
L stands for /l ɾ v w/

In contrast to Old Desani, Keranian allows complex syllable structure. The largest consonant cluster possible is CCC; clusters made of more than three consonants aren't allowed even when being cross-syllable.
Stress informationThe default stress location is on the penultimate syllable. Nouns ending with -ow/-aw are the main exception: the last syllable is stressed.
Case markers and copula suffixes do not move the stress location, therefore some forms are stressed on the third-to-last syllable.
OtherAll voiced consonants are devoiced at the end of a word.
Vowel length distinctions are unexistent, but most consonants can be geminated/long (it is marked simply by a double letter).
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Standard Keranian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Standard KeranianOrthography
Aa
a
/a/1
Áá
sálay a
/ɑ/
Bb
/b/
Pp
/p/
Jj
je
/d͡ʑ/
Cc
ce
/t͡ɕ/
Dd
da
/d/
Ḍḍ
ḍė
/d͡z/
Tt
ta
/t/
Ṭṭ
ṭė
/t͡s/
Ee
e
/e/, [i]2
Ėė
hzaney e
/ə/3
Gg
ga
/g/, [g͡ɣ]4
Hh
ha
/χ/5, [ʁ], [x]
Kk
ka
/k/, [k͡x]6
Qq
qa
/q/7, [ɢ]
Ll
la
/l/
Mm
/m/
Nn
/n/, [ɲ]8, [ŋ]9, [ɴ]10
Oo
o
/o/, [u]11
Rr
ra
/ɾ/
Ss
es
/s/
Vv
va
/v/, [f]
Ww
wa
/w/
Yy
/j/
Zz
za
/z/
Żż
ża
/ʑ/
Ṡṡ
eṡ
/ɕ/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. [ɐ] after uvulars
  2. after nasals
  3. [ɤ] after palatals
  4. word-initial
  5. actually post-velar [χ ~ x], realized as [x] in certain environments
  6. word-initial
  7. actually post-velar [q ~ k], realized as [k] or [g] in certain environments
  8. before [i]
  9. before velars
  10. before uvulars
  11. before nasals
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Desanian language family
Some information about Desanlangs and a comparison of their ...
23-Sep-20 12:24
Some info on Standard (and non-standard) Keranian
Grammar, syntax and basic morphology
16-Sep-20 19:48
Concultural notes #1: Keranians
the monument of sib's wasted time
12-Sep-20 10:42
Standard Keranian phonology
boredsib.jpg
08-Sep-20 19:00
LotM - Apr 20: Standard Keranian
April 2020 has come, and siblaime's Standard Keranian is the...
17-Apr-20 16:54
Typological information for Standard Keranian

Inclusive/exclusive pronounsDistinct forms
Morphological typologyFusional
Number of nominal casesSix cases
Primary word orderSOV
Future tenseVerb conjugation

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