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Standard Keranian [TDK]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 5,700 words
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Standard Keranian
theyane kėraney
[tχeˈjaɲi k͡xəˈɾanej]
Registered by Siblaime on 23 August 2019
Language type Artistic Language (Artlang)
Place & SpeakersStandard Keranian is spoken by a population of around 3,600,000 in Kasewaya, Nesyania and Tazul.
Species Human/humanoid
About Standard Keranian • fusional/agglutinative, nominative-accusative, strongly head-final
• five grammatical aspects, sometimes they get lexical too
• you know you're doing everything right when “I have spent the whole day cleaning the house” is two words
nengayżeyav páhavredecėn
nengayżeyav páhavredecėn
house-clean.NMZNominaliser
makes other word a noun
-INSTRInstrumental (case)
'with' 'using'
PFVPerfective (aspect)
completed action
-COLCollective (number)
'group or mass entity'
-spend_day-PTPast tense (tense)
action occurred before moment of speech
.1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
• phonemic close vowels are unnecessary
• now with 12,5% more affricate spam [ɡ͡ɣot͡sət͡s]
• when word-initial, clusters /ts dz tɕ dʑ/ are distinguished from affricates /t͡s d͡z t͡ɕ d͡ʑ/
e.g. ḍwoley ḍwoley [d͡zwolej] “liquid.ADJZAdjectiviser (syntax)
turns word into adjective
” vs. dzwoley dzwoley [dzwolej] “of the left one”
• generally we love clusters, okay
• every longer phrase sounds like a death sentence
• grammar article: CLICK
• an article about the conculture: CLICK № 2 (has won an award so I guess it's good)
Sample of Standard Keranian[view] Lavoraz cemekotawo, agvoraz nėyrkotawo kotekė.

I eat yesterday for breakfast and tomorrow for dinner.
[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
nėyetemnexplanation
qaperėnbathroom
melpėnisland
Language family relationships
Language treeDesanian
 ⤷ Proto-Desanian
  ⤷  Old Desani
   ⤷ Southern Desanian
    ⤷  Standard Keranian
[view] About Desanian
One of the language families of the western regions of Dawera, among a few other unrelated groups of languages.

Modern Desanian languages are spoken by over 40 million people in Kasewaya, Inwez, Nesyania and Tazul.
[view] Pevaradey (Eastern Keranian)Pevaradey [bvaˈɾadɪ] (literally ‘lakeside’), also known as Eastern Keranian is a dialect spoken mainly in northeastern Nesyania. It is more similar to the Saritani language and its lexicon contains more Nesyanian loanwords than the standard variety.

Main phonological differences:
• /ɑ/ → /ɒ/
• alveolopalatals become postalveolars
• many clusters and diphthongs are simplified
• consonants can be lenited between vowels (stops → fricatives)
[view] Kasweheley (Kasewayan Keranian)Kasewayan Keranian, native name Kasweheley [k͡xasweˈχeɫej] is a dialect spoken in central and eastern Kasewaya. Its lexicon contains less loanwords of Nesyanian origin and borrows more words from the Kasewayan language. The phonology is also more similar to Kasewayan.

Main phonological differences:
• alveolopalatals become postalveolars
• /e/ is closed to [i] after postalveolars, especially in stressed syllables
• /ɫ/ replaces /l/
[view] Zamavrevakey (Zamafrian Keranian)The Zamafrian urban dialect, natively Zamavrevakey [zəmavɾeˈvakej], is a variety spoken in northern Nesyania, most notably in the city of Zamafri and surrounding areas.

(This dialect doesn't have any phonological quirks – besides pretty basic stuff such as some vowel reduction – as the standardized language is based on it.
I just didn't want to put casual/slang/vulgar words into actual literary Standard Keranian, so this is a separate dialect for them.)
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
AlveolarAlveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvular
Nasal m m: [m:ʲ]1 [mʲ]2   n n:   ɲ3 [ɲ:]4   [ŋ]5 [ɴ]6
Plosive p p: pʲ b b: bʲ   t t: tʲ d d: dʲ       k k: g q7 [ɢ]8
Fricative   [f]9 v vʲ s (s:) z ɕ ʑ       χ10 χʲ [ʁ]11
Affricate     t͡s d͡z t͡ɕ d͡ʑ d͡ʑ:     [k͡x]12 [g͡ɣ]13  
Lateral approximant     l l: lʲ          
Approximant         j j: w wʲ    
Flap     ɾ ɾ: ɾʲ          
  1. before [i], allophone of /m:/
  2. before [i], allophone of /m/
  3. also an allophone of /n/ before [i]
  4. before [i], allophone of /n:/
  5. before velars, allophone of /n/
  6. before uvulars, allophone of /n/
  7. actually post-velar [q ~ k], realized as [k] or [g] in certain environments
  8. allophone of /q/
  9. allophone of /v/
  10. actually post-velar [χ ~ x], realized as [x] in certain environments
  11. allophone of /χ/
  12. word-initial, allophone of /k/
  13. word-initial, allophone of /g/
VowelsFrontCentralBack
Close [i]1   [u]2
Close-mid e   o
Mid   ə3  
Open a4   ɑ
  1. after nasals, allophone of /e/
  2. before nasals, allophone of /o/
  3. [ɤ] after palatals
  4. [ɐ] after uvulars
Syllable Structure(C)(C)(L)V(C)(C)
L stands for /l ɾ v w/

In contrast to Old Desani, Keranian allows complex syllable structure. The largest consonant cluster possible is CCC; clusters made of more than three consonants aren't allowed even when being cross-syllable.
Stress informationThe default stress location is on the penultimate syllable. Nouns ending with -ow/-aw are the main exception: the last syllable is stressed.
Case markers and copula suffixes do not move the stress location, therefore some forms are stressed on the third-to-last syllable.
OtherAll voiced consonants are devoiced at the end of a word.
Vowel length distinctions are unexistent, but most consonants can be geminated/long (it is marked simply by a double letter).
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Standard Keranian. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 Standard KeranianOrthography
a
a
a
/a/1
á
á
sálay a
/ɑ/
b
b
/b/
p
p
/p/
j
j
je
/d͡ʑ/
c
c
ce
/t͡ɕ/
d
d
da
/d/
t
t
ta
/t/
ḍė
/d͡z/
ṭė
/t͡s/
e
e
e
/e/, [i]2
ė
ė
hzaney e
/ə/3
g
g
ga
/g/, [g͡ɣ]4
h
h
ha
/χ/5, [ʁ]
k
k
ka
/k/, [k͡x]6
q
q
qa
/q/7, [ɢ]
l
l
la
/l/
m
m
/m/
n
n
/n/, [ŋ]8, [ɴ]9
o
o
o
/o/, [u]10
r
r
ra
/ɾ/
s
s
es
/s/
v
v
va
/v/, [f]
w
w
wa
/w/
y
y
/j/
z
z
za
/z/
ż
ż
ża
/ʑ/
eṡ
/ɕ/
✔ Shown in correct order
  1. [ɐ] after uvulars
  2. after nasals
  3. [ɤ] after palatals
  4. word-initial
  5. actually post-velar [χ ~ x], realized as [x] in certain environments
  6. word-initial
  7. actually post-velar [q ~ k], realized as [k] or [g] in certain environments
  8. before velars
  9. before uvulars
  10. before nasals
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Some info on Standard (and non-standard) Keranian
Grammar, syntax and basic morphology
18-Jan-21 19:22
Standard Keranian phonology
boredsib.jpg
18-Jan-21 09:55
Desanian language family
Some information about Desanlangs and a comparison of their ...
15-Jan-21 14:12
Concultural notes #1: Keranians
the monument of sib's wasted time
13-Jan-21 17:28
LotM - Apr 20: Standard Keranian
April 2020 has come, and siblaime's Standard Keranian is the...
17-Apr-20 16:54
Typological information for Standard Keranian

Inclusive/exclusive pronounsDistinct forms
Morphological typologyFusional
Number of nominal casesSix cases
Primary word orderSOV
Future tenseVerb conjugation

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