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Dirma [DII]
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Typology Progressing 2,005 words
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Dirma
Dírma
[ˈd̪i:ɾmə]
Registered by Backyard Faerie on 13 February 2018
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersDirma is spoken by a population of 53,296,407 in Dírmala.
Species Human/humanoid
About Dirma
DII-SPK is an estimation of native Dírmen speech in the capital, Báil na Dhír. Standard Dírma (this page) is still the orthography used, as a result it is somewhat inaccurate for native speakers since it is based on a slightly older variant but learners still use this version since it is officially supported.
The language of the Dírmen, the group that controlled Kunaratyyra as well as many other countries at the height of its power as one of the Great Empires of yore but as all the empires did, the Dírmen empire succumbed to the ravages of time leaving modern Dírmala wishing for the good old days.
Sample of Dirma[view] Lem ír ate buí / Lem m'dháit lesh.

I sat within the valley green / I sat me with my true love. / My sad heart strove the two between / The old love and the new love. / The old for her the new / That made me think on Ireland dearly. / While the soft wind blew down the glade / and shook the golden barley. / 'Twas hard the woeful words to frame / To break the ties that bound us. / But harder still to bear the shame / of foreign chains around us. / And so I said the mountain glen / I'll meet at morning early. / And I'll join the bold united men / While soft winds shook the barley. / 'Twas sad I kissed away her tears / My fond arm round her flinging. / When a foe, man's shot burst on our ears / From out the wild woods ringing. / A bullet pierced my true love's side / In life's young spring so early. / And on my breast in blood she died / While soft winds shook the barley. / But blood for blood without remorse / I've ta'en at oulart hollow. / I've lain my true love's clay like corpse / Where I full soon must follow. / Around her grave I've wandered drear / Noon, night, and morning early. / With breaking heart when e'er I hear / The wind that shakes the barley.
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Latest vocabulary
áitntrue love
ráhantime
vcondemn
Sound samples in Dirma
Some sound samples of Dirma. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Bis m'shun bág de beugfas ocra.
My battery is low and it is getting dark.
Ná bhénit ge heug na chrabha na heríha herim. Bénit ge tár ashp de ge dhahceap d'fhuil eris.
You don't want to sell me death sticks. You want to go home and rethink your life.
Bí h-iapad irim, tas ma dhasht neá-dhun aún clacham sip.
I'm sorry, that was the ugliest chicken I've ever seen.
Páislim measta tréd de cláis lín. Crégim m'bhina haun gach de brégim m'bhina íchthú gach.
I was born with glass bones and paper skin. Every morning I break my legs, and every afternoon I bre...
A á bearic m'bheór ichoc! Bís m'bheór! Astig! Sau!
Ow, god, my fucking knee! That's my knee! Damn it! Shit!
Buint? Tú m'bhuicat? Bíma nish-dhun.
Are you serious ? Right in front of my salad ? You're so fucking gross.
Language family relationships
Language treeIgletic
 ⤷ Proto-Igletic
  ⤷ Proto-Dalsami
   ⤷ Insular Dalsami
    ⤷ Old Dalsami
     ⤷ High Dalsami
      ⤷ Middle Dalsami
       ⤷  Dirma
[view] About IgleticThe original starting point for all languages in the continent of Igleis, basically my conworld's equivalent of PIE.
[view] Fislíma (Fiish)The dialect of the southeasternmost island of Dírmala, influenced by the creole formed between Dírma and Asílma. Said to be the strongest accent in Dírmala, it is mutually intelligible though some find it impossible to comprehend.
[view] Glíma (Glima)The dialect spoken by the Glí, the people living on the island of Glí. Due to constant contact and trading, this dialect is mutually intelligible with standard Dírma and most changes are minor phonological differences.
[view] Panama (Panish)The dialect of Dírma spoken in Pan, the major island of West Dírmala.
[view] Dírma Ráig (Spoken Dírma)Not technically a dialect, standard Dírma is not an accurate reflection of how the native speakers would actually communicate. Even beyond different dialects such as in Pan and Fís, even in Dír the native speech has changed over time and while this dialect doesn't exist in the conworld per se, it is to have a more accurate representation of what the Dírmen would actually sound like. Due to it not being written the ortho is an approximation, see standard Dírma for the actual orthography used.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
Alveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularGlottalOther
Nasal m mʲ         ɲ   ŋ      
Plosive p [p̚]1 pʲ b bʲ     t̪ t̪̚ d̪ d̪̚ d̪ʲ     c cʲ   k g gʲ   ʔ  
Fricative   f fʲ v vʲ [θ̠]2 [ð̠]3 s ʃ ʃʲ   ç [ʝ]4 ʝʲ   ɣ χ ʁʲ5 h  
Affricate       (t͡s) [t͡ʃ]6 t͡ʃʲ [t͡ɕ]7 [t͡ɕʲ]8 [d͡ʑ]9 [d͡ʑʲ]10            
Lateral approximant                     [ɫ̪]11
Approximant             j w        
Flap       ɾ                
Blends ɣaw12 ɣa13 ʔn ja14 [jɑ]15 wi ji: tlˡ16
dlˡ17
  1. allophone of /p/
  2. Final syllabic position but mid-clause variant, allophone of /t̪/
  3. See [θ̠], voiced equivalent of [θ̠], allophone of /d̪/
  4. allophone of /ɣ/
  5. Some dialects drop palatalisation when initial /g/ is mutated, others use /ʁʲ/
  6. Alt realisation, mostly in initial position of a word, allophone of /t̪/
  7. Occasional realisation, allophone of /t͡ʃ/
  8. Occasional realisation, allophone of /t͡ʃʲ/
  9. allophone of /d̪/
  10. allophone of /d̪ʲ/
  11. Rare realisation in Glíma dialect, allophone of /l̪/
  12. bh is /v/->/w/, phonological change only
  13. Palatalisation doesn't happen due to /ɣ/
  14. Usually initial position only
  15. Usually initial position only, allophone of /ja/
  16. Usually final syllable
  17. Usually final syllable
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i:       u:
Near-close   ɪ   ʊ  
Close-mid e: [ø]1   [ɘ]2   o: õ
Mid     ə3    
Open-mid ɛ [ɛˑ]4       [ʌ]5 ɔ ɔ̃
Near-open     [ɐ]6    
Open a ã       [ɑ]7 ɑ: [ɒ:]8
Polyphthongs ɐe [əi]9 [aɪ]10
  1. allophone of /w/
  2. allophone of /ə/
  3. Unstressed vowels become schwa, usually <a>
  4. allophone of /ɛ/
  5. allophone of /ɐe/
  6. allophone of /a/
  7. allophone of /a/
  8. allophone of /ɑ:/
  9. allophone of /i:/
  10. Usually a schwa, verb conjugation mostly, allophone of /ə/
Stress informationStress is almost always placed on syllables with a long vowel, if no long vowel is present the stress must simply be learned, exceptions to the long vowel stress do exist though they are rare.
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Dirma. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 DirmaOrthography
a
a
an
/a/
b
b
ba
/b/
c
c
ca
/c/
d
d
da
/d̪/
e
e
en
/ɛ/
f
f
fa
/f/
g
g
ga
/g/
h
h
ha
/h/
i
i
ig
/ɪ/
l
l
la
/l̪/
m
m
ma
/m/
n
n
na
/n̪/
o
o
on
/ɔ/
p
p
pa
/p/
r
r
ra
/ɾ/
s
s
sa
/ʃ/
sh
sh
sha
/s/
t
t
ta
/t̪/
u
u
ug
/ʊ/
á
á
án
/ɑ:/
é
é
én
/e:/
í
í
íg
/i:/
ó
ó
óm
/o:/
ú
ú
úr
/u:/
✔ Shown in correct order
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    Typological information for Dirma

    Animacy distinctionsNone
    Coarticulation / Consonant seriesPalatalised/ (labio)velar
    GendersNone
    Number of pronominal casesFive cases
    Primary word orderVSO

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