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Khalik [KHAK]
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LotM Winner Typology Functional 7,080 words
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Registered by [Deactivated User] on 11 May 2020
Language type A posteriori
Place & SpeakersKhalik is spoken by a population of around 600,000 .
Species Human/humanoid
About Khalik
Халық теллы битке рахим итегез!

[xɑɫɯq tʰe̞ɫɫɯ pɪtkʰe̞ rɑxɪ̃m ɪtʰe̞ke̞z]

Khalik language-ADJZAdjectiviser (syntax)
turns word into adjective
page-DATDative (case)
indirect object; recipient, beneficiary, location
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
welcome STEMWord stem
part of a bipartite stem

Welcome to the Khalik language page!

Khalik (natively халықча or халық тел) is a Turkic language of the Central Kipchak branch spoken primarily in East Kazakhstan Region, with a minority in Pavlodar Region, by about 600,000 people, which are mostly older citizens. It is closely related to Bashkir and Tatar and has large quantities of Arabic/Persian borrowings, but, due to its proximity to Russia, it has absorbed many Russian loanwords, as well as Mongolic and Altai ones, mostly through Tuvan. The language is currently written in Cyrillic but is scheduled to switch to Latin by 2025, hence a romanization is provided for each entry in the dictionary.

Grammar - Slang/Idioms/Proverbs - Sound changes

Khalik Wikipedia - Khalik Conworkshop

Current features:
- SOV, vowel harmony
- 2 numbers, 6 cases
- Fuck ton of aspects, like seriously
- Three tenses
- Participles that are more inflected than nouns...
- Awful derivation

There are several features that make Khalik distinct from other Turkic languages, which include the development of special case forms after nouns ending in a vowel, the collapse of many distinct variants of endings that depend on final consonants, and the lack of the izafe noun form.
Sample of Khalik[view] Байрақлардың һайла астам белан илдерди урладыс. Жаһан түңеректе ғына жөз һам унда байрақты қуй. / — Британия өчөн Һиндостан дағва итим! / — Дағвас албаң, бында торыс! Безден биш жөз миллион бар! / — Һезде байрақ бармы? Жуқ? Һуң һезде илдиң барлықты албаң. Улар қағидалар - уларды але харлыдым![view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
һар ниneverything
Sound samples in Khalik
Some sound samples of Khalik. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Эгер ожмақта ытлар жуқ, һуң қачан үлерим урынгасы жулып бастым.
If there are no dogs in Heaven, then when I die I want to go where they went.
Эгер қом қурғанды харларың, ун элек-һөжүмли авдарарым чөңки, һин ни, бер балаң төр? Олоғчы бул. Үс.
If you make a sand castle, I will preemptively knock it down because, what are you, some sort of chi...
Жуқ, бо Патрик.
No, this is Patrick.
Телим харлынбары...
My language won't make itself...
Қуртел чын қуртел түгөл эгер у ҚОХ™д түгөл.
No conlang is a real conlang if it's not on CWS™.
Language family relationships
Language treeTurkic
 ⤷ Proto-Turkic
  ⤷ Kipchak
   ⤷ Central Kipchak
    ⤷  Khalik
[edit] [view] Төнжақ Халықча (North Khalik)Spoken in the Pavlodar region/area.

Phonological changes:

- First syllable /a/ becomes [ɒ], /a/ becomes [ɒ] after [ɒ], unless it’s the last syllable
- /r/ is lost word finally and before consonants, lengthens vowel before it
- /i/ becomes [ɨ] before /l/
- /i/ becomes [e] after velar and uvular consonants
- /i/ > [ɤ], /e/ > [æ], /o/ > [ɔ], /a/ > [ʌ] after uvular and glottal consonants
- Aspiration distinction disappears, voicing distinction instead
- Loss of /h/
- /ɣ/ becomes [ʁ]
Nasal m   n       ŋ      
Plosive p pʰ [b̥]1   t tʰ [d̥]2       k kʰ [g̥]3 q    
Fricative   (f) v s z ʃ (ɕ:)   x ɣ   h  
Affricate     (t͡s) t͡ʃ d͡ʒ            
Lateral approximant                   ɫ
Approximant           j        
Trill     r              
Blends je̞
  1. In liquid/nasal clusters, allophone of /p/
  2. In liquid/nasal clusters, allophone of /t/
  3. In liquid/nasal clusters, allophone of /k/
Close y [ỹ]1     ɯ [ɯ̃]2
Near-close   ɪ [ɪ̃]3 ʊ [ʊ̃]4  
Close-mid e̞ [ẽ̞]5 ø̞ [ø̞̃]6     o̞ [õ̞]7
Open (a)     ɑ [ɑ̃]8
  1. Before nasals, allophone of /y/
  2. Before nasals, allophone of /ɯ/
  3. Before nasals, allophone of /ɪ/
  4. Before nasals, allophone of /ʊ/
  5. Before nasals, allophone of /e̞/
  6. Before nasals, allophone of /ø̞/
  7. Before nasals, allophone of /o̞/
  8. Before nasals, allophone of /ɑ/
Syllable StructureKhalik has a syllable structure of (C)V(S)(C), with S being sonorant:

V: у, а
VC: ат, ил
CV: һу, да
CVC: көш, бар
VSC: ант, инд
CVSC: қарт, қайт

More complex syllable structures are possible in loanwords.
Stress informationStress is generally on the final syllable:

һазан [hɑˈzɑ̃n] "sazan"
тозақ [tʰo̞ˈzɑq] "snare"
астыртын [ɑstʰɯrˈtʰɯn] "secret"
марһүм [mɑrˈhỹm] "deceased"

There are a couple exceptions to this:

Certain affixes, mainly derivational ones, cannot be stressed (most notably -чи/-чы, -ли/-лы, and -лек/-лық):

жазылчы [d͡ʒɑˈzɯɫt͡ʃɯ] "subscriber"
жирли [ˈd͡ʒɪrɫɪ] "local"
чағылдырлық [t͡ʃɑɣɯɫˈd̥ɯrɫɯq] "reflection"

Also, loanwords, mostly Russian ones, will preserve their original stress:

тарелка [tʰɑˈre̞ɫkʰɑ] "plate"
фармакология [fɑrmɑkʰo̞ˈɫo̞kɪjɑ] "pharmacology"
директор [tɪˈre̞ktʰo̞r] "director"

And there are of course words that simply have different stress:

дөя [ˈtø̞jɑ] "camel"
күсе [ˈkʰyse̞] "rat"
нуқта [ˈnʊqtʰɑ] "halter"
Below is the orthography for Khalik. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 KhalikOrthography [edit]
Аа/a/1, /ɑ/, [ɑ̃]2Бб/p/, [b̥]3Вв/v/Гг/k/, [g̥]4Дд/t/, [d̥]5Ее/je̞/, /e̞/, [ẽ̞]6Жж/d͡ʒ/Зз/z/Ии/ɪ/, [ɪ̃]7
Йй/j/Кк/kʰ/Лл/ɫ/Мм/m/Нн/n/Оо/o̞/, [õ̞]8Пп/pʰ/Рр/r/Сс/s/
Тт/tʰ/Уу/ʊ/, [ʊ̃]9Фф/f/10Хх/x/Цц/t͡s/11Чч/t͡ʃ/Шш/ʃ/Щщ/ɕ:/12Ыы/ɯ/, [ɯ̃]13
Ээ/e̞/Юю/jʊ/Яя/jɑ/Ғғ/ɣ/Ққ/q/Ңң/ŋ/Үү/y/, [ỹ]14Һһ/h/Өө/ø̞/, [ø̞̃]15
✖ Unknown alphabetical order [change]
  1. loan words only
  2. Before nasals
  3. In liquid/nasal clusters
  4. In liquid/nasal clusters
  5. In liquid/nasal clusters
  6. Before nasals
  7. Before nasals
  8. Before nasals
  9. Before nasals
  10. loan words only
  11. loan words only
  12. loan words only
  13. Before nasals
  14. Before nasals
  15. Before nasals
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
LotM - Aug 20: Khalik
August is here (kind of, whoops), and with the final days of...
26-Oct-20 21:16
Кече ханзада
The Little Prince in Khalik
05-Sep-20 03:01
Һүйлгенча - Colloquial Khalik
how to not sound pompous
07-Jul-20 03:23
Халық Грамматика - Khalik Grammar
everything you don't want to know
17-Jun-20 22:52
Халық Маданият - Khalik Culture
culture, slang, idioms, proverbs
17-Jun-20 22:49
Typological information for Khalik

Morphological typologyAgglutinative
Morphosyntactic alignmentNominative/Accusative
Noun head-directionalityHead final
Primary word orderSOV
Primary writing systemCyrillic

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