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Legim [LEG]
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CWSP Lang Typology Functional 4,404 words
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Legim
Legim
[ʎeɟɪm̥]*
Registered by Archaeon on 28 September 2015
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSpoken in: NordjaelmOfficial CoheliaOfficial ZoerjaandhiaRegional RakthariaRegional The Anarchic Territory Of North ShalorjaMinority ShalorjaMinority RakthariaMinority
Species Human/humanoid
About Legim A language spoken on Sahar in the Empire of Nordjaelm, on the continent of Alpa, belonging to the Dumaric language family, of the hypothetical West Alpic superfamily. It has become the lingua franca across the empire, as it is spoken in the capital of Kjonnia, but several regional dialects have evolved over the years that differ to the standard. It is closely related to Legjok and Thaljan, which are spoken in North-East and North Nordjaelm respectively. In everyday life, the extended Latin alphabet is used, but in matters of religion and state, the Legonic alphabet is favoured.

Here are some features:
  • 6 Nominal Cases: Nominative, Accusative, Genitive, Dative, Ablative and Locative, as well as Instrumentative and Vocative found mostly in literature, archaic language and some colloquial expressions (although case number and use depends on dialect)
  • Generally SOV, but due to high inflection in all parts of speech, word order is quite fluid
  • There are 3 genders, masculine, feminine and neuter, as well as 6 noun classes that define the gender of the noun. Generally speaking, Classes 1 and 2 are feminine, 3 and 4 are masculine and 5 and 6 are neuter, but there are some exceptions.
  • There are 8 tenses: present, present progressive, simple past, past progressive, simple future and future progressive.
  • Conditionals and auxiliary verbs are usually expressed through an agglutinated, noninflected suffix.
  • Verbs conjugate to tense, gender, voice, number, aspect, and mood.
  • Adjectives agree with nouns number, case and gender
  • Adverbs can be formed from adjectives or nouns, and do not agree with nouns
  • A fairly complex phonology, with consonants regularly devoicing and palatalising depending on their environments, as well as an ablaut system that is triggered by inflections


Sample of Legim[view] Oḳtyðreür ta jænðið ṡévrü

We swim in a sea of chaos.
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Latest vocabulary
Aĝocoknclan patriarch
Jaq̇órnfounder
Loderādadjfrozen
Sound samples in Legim
Some sound samples of Legim. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Ikrä kajéḥād, váká y
This is illegal, you know.
Żítaur üllür kenn óuænün
My spoon is too big.
Skolr tāoroni möżü djórörün
The language of all men is death
Tk aorækið ullörið ërolo ionnä aṇæġûse
In my house, there are 6 rooms.
Bavrä oḳtyðrür. Bavrá oḳtyðrulur.
The fish swims. The fish swim.
Iviðæné bajeṡī hannænit æzlilir. Lár vöṡit véþárādét, ēlusān.
Healthy people go to church.
Language family relationships
[view] Edyniar (Edyn)Spoken in North-West Legimkonn (historic region of Legim speakers). Features nasalised vowels before nasal consonants, as well as a uvular pronunciation of the rhotic in all positions.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
Alveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularPharyngealGlottalOther
Nasal m [m̥]1 [ɱ]2 [ɱ̥]3   n [n̥]4     ɲ [ɲ̥]5   [ŋ]6 [ŋ̥]7 ɴ ɴ̥      
Plosive p b     t d     [c]8 [ɟ]9   k g q ɢ      
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ [ɕ]10 [ʑ]11 [ç]12 [ʝ]13   [x]14 [ɣ]15 [χ]16 ʁ ħ ʕ h  
Affricate       t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ [t͡ɕ]17 [d͡ʑ]18 c͡ç ɟʝ            
Lateral approximant       l [l̥]19     ʎ [ʎ̥]20           ɫ [ɫ̥]21
Lateral fricative       ɬ ɮ                  
Approximant             j j̥ ʍ w         ɥ ɥ̥
Trill       r [r̝̥]22 [r̥]23           ʀ ʀ̥      
  1. Adjacent to voiceless phonemes and finally, allophone of /m/
  2. Adjacent to v, allophone of /m/
  3. Adjacent to f, allophone of /m/
  4. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally, allophone of /n/
  5. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /n/
  6. Before g, allophone of /n/
  7. Before k, allophone of /ŋ/
  8. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /k/
  9. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /g/
  10. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /ʃ/
  11. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /ʒ/
  12. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /χ/
  13. Before j or a front vowel
  14. Adjacent to a plosive, allophone of /h/
  15. Between vowels, allophone of /g/
  16. Between vowels
  17. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /t͡ʃ/
  18. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /d͡ʒ/
  19. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally, allophone of /l/
  20. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /l/
  21. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally, allophone of /ɫ/
  22. allophone of /r/
  23. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally, allophone of /r/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i y   ɨ   ɯ u
Near-close   ɪ ɪ:   ʊ ʊ:  
Close-mid e ø       ɤ o
Mid     ə    
Open-mid ɛ ɛ:       ɔ ɔ:
Near-open æ        
Open a a:       ɑ
Polyphthongs øy au ai əʊ əɪ
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Legim. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 LegimOrthography
Aa
Aohenn
/a/
AE ae
/əɪ/
AI ai
/ai/
AO ao
/əʊ/
AU au
/au/
Áá
Álṡ
/ɑ/
Ää
Ëþrad
/ə/
Ææ
Æþr
/æ/
Éé
Éhïlr
/ɛ/
Ëë
Ýssallōd
/ɤ/
Íí
Íþilös
/i/
Ïï
Ygael
/ɯ/
Ðð
Ðajk
/ð/
Óó
/ɔ/
Öö
Öðōl
/ø/
Ḍḍ
Xīðror
/d͡z/
Ḥḥ
Ḥassalar
/ħ/
Ḳḳ
[x]1
Ḷḷ
Llajkál
/ɫ/
Ṇṇ
[ŋ]2
Ṡṡ
Ṡégōl
/ʃ/
Úú
Úcah
/u/
Ẋẋ
/ʁ/
Üü
Ütir
/y/
Þþ
Þēz
/θ/
Bb
Bavr
/b/
Cc
Ciża
/t͡s/
Dd
Drās
/d/
Ee
Elc
/e/
EÜ eü
/øy/
Ff
Faḳat
/f/
FF ff
Hfaz
/ɸ/
Gg
Gïllr
/g/
GJ gj
/ɟʝ/
Hh
Haṡværra
/h/
HF hf
Hfaz
/ɸ/
HJ hj
Jagal
/j̥/
HM hm
[m̥]3
HN hn
[n̥]4
HV hv
Hvrël
/β/
Ii
Incað
/ɪ/
Jj
/j/
Kk
Konnr
/k/
KJ kj
/c͡ç/
Ll
Leln
/l/, [l̥]5
LL ll
/ɮ/, [ɫ̥]6
Mm
Mynerþ
/m/
Nn
Nrejit
/n/
Oo
Oaḥ
/o/
Pp
Pōż
/p/
Qq
/q/
Q̇ q̇
[χ]7
Rr
Rīssa
/r/
Ss
Sēlek
/s/
Tt
Tejðr
/t/
Uu
Ujlat
/ʊ/
Vv
Vaḳ
/v/
VV vv
Hvrël
/β/
Ww
Wāow
/w/
Xx
/ɢ/
Yy
Ïndrón
/ɨ/
Zz
Zānð
/z/
Ōō
Oaḥ Hakkë
/ɔ:/
Ūū
Úcah Hakkë
/ʊ:/
Żż
Żúðax
/ʒ/
Āā
Aohenn Hakkë
/a:/
Ċċ
Ċúrún
/t͡ʃ/
Ēē
Elc Hakkë
/ɛ:/
Ĝĝ
Ĝaj
/d͡ʒ/
Ġġ
[ɣ]8
Īī
Incað Hakkë
/ɪ:/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. Adjacent to a plosive
  2. Before g
  3. Adjacent to voiceless phonemes and finally
  4. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally
  5. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally
  6. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally
  7. Between vowels
  8. Between vowels
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Pnapaic declensions 01-Oct-18 09:39
Typological information for Legim

GendersMasculine/Feminine/Neuter
Noun numbersSingular/Plural
Number of nominal casesSix cases
Number of pronominal casesSix cases
Primary writing systemLatin (Extended)

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