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Legim [LEG]
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CWSP Lang Typology Functional 4,373 words
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Legim
Legim
[ʎeɟɪm̥]*
Registered by Archaeon on 28 September 2015
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSpoken by a population of around 20,000,000 in: NordjaelmOfficial CoheliaOfficial ZoerjaandhiaRegional RakthariaRegional The Anarchic Territory Of North ShalorjaMinority ShalorjaMinority RakthariaMinority
Species Human/humanoid
About Legim A language spoken on Sahar in the Empire of Nordjaelm, on the continent of Alpa, belonging to the Dumaric language family, of the hypothetical West Alpic superfamily. It has become the lingua franca across the empire, as it is spoken in the capital of Kjonnia, but several regional dialects have evolved over the years that differ to the standard. It is closely related to Legjok and Thaljan, which are spoken in North-East and North Nordjaelm respectively. In everyday life, the extended Latin alphabet is used, but in matters of religion and state, the Legonic alphabet is favoured.

Here are some features:
  • 6 Nominal Cases: Nominative, Accusative, Genitive, Dative, Ablative and Locative, as well as Instrumentative and Vocative found mostly in literature, archaic language and some colloquial expressions (although case number and use depends on dialect)
  • Generally SOV, but due to high inflection in all parts of speech, word order is quite fluid
  • There are 3 genders, masculine, feminine and neuter, as well as 6 noun classes that define the gender of the noun. Generally speaking, Classes 1 and 2 are feminine, 3 and 4 are masculine and 5 and 6 are neuter, but there are some exceptions.
  • There are 8 tenses: present, present progressive, simple past, past progressive, simple future and future progressive.
  • Conditionals and auxiliary verbs are usually expressed through an agglutinated, noninflected suffix.
  • Verbs conjugate to tense, gender, voice, number, aspect, and mood.
  • Adjectives agree with nouns number, case and gender
  • Adverbs can be formed from adjectives or nouns, and do not agree with nouns
  • A fairly complex phonology, with consonants regularly devoicing and palatalising depending on their environments, as well as an ablaut system that is triggered by inflections


Sample of Legim[view] Ṇaenir / / Vretton ú ëgavrādën aż æþrëð / Tka latamnrið ú, æþreüraṡ / Ka léxann ulláo ta róṡir / Kjelenroin ulléo tla rēmij ta ṡírakk / / Kítah gēżarë, ḳa hozrið ré taorké / Ka aohenn ta xöĝikk / Jónþarr tka nreorþit / Taorké vakë? / Kítah gēzarë, ḳa hozrið ré taorkë / Kos ḳa xóðræð tāozvéré / Ḳan tla haṡværrkið / Ġūsró kakívúrah /...[view all texts]
Latest vocabulary
Uassirvcrack
Jaiþadjmad
Tagvntrain
Sound samples in Legim
Some sound samples of Legim. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Taoron iviðaané henné navajilür tok agaimið té roohtæð. Rulté ann ojžirit té akkrosit orútélürlu, té...
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and con...
Rázavr Tor Hašværrit Rautr eré aza roi lalaþén, taor ré rivillër erë wonn Té ryé rázavro tor haš...
"Stairway To Heaven" There's a lady who's sure all that glitters is gold And she's buying a stai...
Kúlannr ré Íhezadihh Rúkitar nreoreh, šaolir xaanr ullér Ul tor jijir ann jarit ëzlúrai Myte kívr...
"The Sound Of Silence" Hello darkness, my old friend, I've come to talk with you again, Because...
Kogarr ul erú djódór, munnaer ré þanné
I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds.
Šaoliré erelü laír nénné - kaž jar rulto vollonár, rulté djodelür
Friends are like cows - if you eat them, they die.
Ulé taor tok jédokhahhið roahhë avieür
We all live in a yellow submarine.
Language family relationships
[view] Kjonnjar (Kjonnia)Mainly features nasalised vowels before consonant structures and at the start of words. It is much more rapid than Standard Nordjaelmish Legim, and is spoken in the central parts of the capital city of Kjonnia, mostly by youth. Far more loan words from neighboring human languages are used, due to regular interaction. This makes Kjonnjars sometimes misunderstood by provincial people and the older generations.
Phonology
ConsonantsBilabialLabio-
dental
DentalAlveolarPost-
Alveolar
Alveolo-
palatal
PalatalLabio-
velar
VelarUvularPharyngealGlottalOther
Nasal m [m̥]1 [ɱ]2 [ɱ̥]3   n [n̥]4     ɲ [ɲ̥]5   [ŋ]6 [ŋ̥]7 ɴ ɴ̥      
Plosive p b     t d     [c]8 [ɟ]9   k g q ɢ      
Fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ [ɕ]10 [ʑ]11 [ç]12 [ʝ]13   [x]14 [ɣ]15 [χ]16 ʁ ħ ʕ h  
Affricate       t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ d͡ʒ [t͡ɕ]17 [d͡ʑ]18 c͡ç ɟʝ            
Lateral approximant       l [l̥]19     ʎ [ʎ̥]20           ɫ [ɫ̥]21
Approximant             j j̥ ʍ w         ɥ ɥ̥
Trill       r [r̝̥]22 [r̥]23           ʀ ʀ̥      
  1. Adjacent to voiceless phonemes and finally, allophone of /m/
  2. Adjacent to v, allophone of /m/
  3. Adjacent to f, allophone of /m/
  4. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally, allophone of /n/
  5. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /n/
  6. Before g, allophone of /n/
  7. Before k, allophone of /ŋ/
  8. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /k/
  9. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /g/
  10. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /ʃ/
  11. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /ʒ/
  12. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /χ/
  13. Before j or a front vowel
  14. Adjacent to a plosive, allophone of /h/
  15. Between vowels, allophone of /g/
  16. Between vowels
  17. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /t͡ʃ/
  18. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /d͡ʒ/
  19. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally, allophone of /l/
  20. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /l/
  21. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally, allophone of /ɫ/
  22. allophone of /r/
  23. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally, allophone of /r/
VowelsFrontNear-
front
CentralNear-
back
Back
Close i y   ɨ   ɯ u
Near-close   ɪ ɪ:   ʊ ʊ:  
Close-mid e ø       ɤ o
Mid     ə    
Open-mid ɛ ɛ:       ɔ ɔ:
Near-open æ        
Open a a:       ɑ
Polyphthongs øy au ai əʊ əɪ
Orthography
Below is the orthography for Legim. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
 LegimOrthography
Aa
Aohenn
/a/
AE ae
/əɪ/
AI ai
/ai/
AO ao
/əʊ/
AU au
/au/
Áá
Álṡ
/ɑ/
Ää
Ëþrad
/ə/
Ææ
Æþr
/æ/
Éé
Éhïlr
/ɛ/
Ëë
Ýssallōd
/ɤ/
Íí
Íþilös
/i/
Ïï
Ygael
/ɯ/
Ðð
Ðajk
/ð/
Óó
/ɔ/
Öö
Öðōl
/ø/
Ḍḍ
Xīðror
/d͡z/
Ḥḥ
Ḥassalar
/ħ/
Ḳḳ
[x]1
Ṇṇ
[ŋ]2
Ṡṡ
Ṡégōl
/ʃ/
Úú
Úcah
/u/
Ẋẋ
/ʁ/
Üü
Ütir
/y/
Þþ
Þēz
/θ/
Bb
Bavr
/b/
Cc
Ciża
/t͡s/
Dd
Drās
/d/
Ee
Elc
/e/
EÜ eü
/øy/
Ff
Faḳat
/f/
FF ff
Hfaz
/ɸ/
Gg
Gïllr
/g/
GJ gj
/ɟʝ/
Hh
Haṡværra
/h/
HF hf
Hfaz
/ɸ/
HJ hj
Jagal
/j̥/
HM hm
[m̥]3
HN hn
[n̥]4
HV hv
Hvrël
/β/
Ii
Incað
/ɪ/
Jj
/j/
Kk
Konnr
/k/
KJ kj
/c͡ç/
Ll
Leln
/l/, [l̥]5
LL ll
Llajkál
/ɫ/, [ɫ̥]6
Mm
Mynerþ
/m/
Nn
Nrejit
/n/
Oo
Oaḥ
/o/
Pp
Pōż
/p/
Qq
/q/
Q̇ q̇
[χ]7
Rr
Rīssa
/r/
Ss
Sēlek
/s/
Tt
Tejðr
/t/
Uu
Ujlat
/ʊ/
Vv
Vaḳ
/v/
VV vv
Hvrël
/β/
Ww
Wāow
/w/
Xx
/ɢ/
Yy
Ïndrón
/ɨ/
Zz
Zānð
/z/
Ōō
Oaḥ Hakkë
/ɔ:/
Ūū
Úcah Hakkë
/ʊ:/
Żż
Żúðax
/ʒ/
Āā
Aohenn Hakkë
/a:/
Ċċ
Ċúrún
/t͡ʃ/
Ēē
Elc Hakkë
/ɛ:/
Ĝĝ
Ĝaj
/d͡ʒ/
Ġġ
[ɣ]8
Īī
Incað Hakkë
/ɪ:/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. Adjacent to a plosive
  2. Before g
  3. Adjacent to voiceless phonemes and finally
  4. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally
  5. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally
  6. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally
  7. Between vowels
  8. Between vowels
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Pnapaic declensions 01-Oct-18 09:39
Typological information for Legim

GendersMasculine/Feminine/Neuter
Noun numbersSingular/Plural
Number of nominal casesSix cases
Number of pronominal casesSix cases
Primary writing systemLatin (Extended)

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