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Legim [LEG]
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CWSP Lang Typology Functional 4,542 words
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Registered by Archaeon on 28 September 2015
Language type A priori
Place & SpeakersSpoken in: NordjaelmOfficial ZoerjaandhiaRegional RakthariaRegional The Anarchic Territory Of North ShalorjaMinority ShalorjaMinority RakthariaMinority JahcitazinMinority
Species Human/humanoid
About Legim A language spoken on Sahar in the Empire of Nordjaelm, on the continent of Alpa, belonging to the Dumaric language family, of the hypothetical West Alpic superfamily. It has become the lingua franca across the empire, as it is spoken in the capital of Kjonnia, but several regional dialects have evolved over the years that differ to the standard. It is closely related to Legjok and Thaljan, which are spoken in North-East and North Nordjaelm respectively. In everyday life, the extended Latin alphabet is used, but in matters of religion and state, the Legonic alphabet is favoured.

Here are some features:
  • 6 Nominal Cases: Nominative, Accusative, Genitive, Dative, Ablative and Locative, as well as Instrumentative and Vocative found mostly in literature, archaic language and some colloquial expressions (although case number and use depends on dialect)
  • Generally SOV, but due to high inflection in all parts of speech, word order is quite fluid
  • There are 3 genders, masculine, feminine and neuter, as well as 6 noun classes that define the gender of the noun. Generally speaking, Classes 1 and 2 are feminine, 3 and 4 are masculine and 5 and 6 are neuter, but there are some exceptions.
  • There are 8 tenses: present, present progressive, simple past, past progressive, simple future and future progressive.
  • Conditionals and auxiliary verbs are usually expressed through an agglutinated, noninflected suffix.
  • Verbs conjugate to tense, gender, voice, number, aspect, and mood.
  • Adjectives agree with nouns number, case and gender
  • Adverbs can be formed from adjectives or nouns, and do not agree with nouns
  • A fairly complex phonology, with consonants regularly devoicing and palatalising depending on their environments, as well as an ablaut system that is triggered by inflections

Sample of Legim[view] Ul réżazaer ërú

I am a Pagan
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Latest vocabulary
Sound samples in Legim
Some sound samples of Legim. Maximum of 6 shown. Click the links to see the full texts.
Navajólð nrejitrið lið ōðorja saqqælént Tka ðynnrið cëðanrae ṡóqǣrü fērinär kyánnont Kerü óuaḥ kōż...
We were born at night when the she-wolf whelped, In the morning, to lion's deafening roar, they nam...
Ravażinéo ḷókǣdénit, iviðænéo jonþǣdénit
Mistakes were made, people were shot.
Ekrä jolinar żar ġötūll fryḳṡarar orṡ ċíðal fryḳṡarar
It is better to have a broken bone than a broken reputation.
Víuð rér ḥeṡ leḍænnið ḥesütaerí jolin frennräroj
I thought clay must feel happy in the good potter’s hand.
Ikrä kajéḥād, váká y
This is illegal, you know.
Żítaur üllür kenn óuænün
My spoon is too big.
Language family relationships
[view] Edyniar (Edyn)Spoken in North-West Legimkonn (historic region of Legim speakers). Features nasalised vowels before nasal consonants, as well as a uvular pronunciation of the rhotic in all positions.
Nasal m [m̥]1 [ɱ]2 [ɱ̥]3   n n: [n̥]4     ɲ [ɲ̥]5   [ŋ]6 [ŋ̥]7 ɴ ɴ̥      
Plosive p b     t t: d d:     [c]8 [ɟ]9   k k: g g: q q: ɢ ɢ:      
Fricative ɸ β f v θ θ: ð s s: z z: ʃ ʃ: ʒ [ɕ]10 [ʑ]11 [ç]12 [ʝ]13   [x]14 [ɣ]15 [χ]16 ʁ ħ ħ: ʕ h  
Affricate       t͡s d͡z t͡ʃ t͡ʃ: d͡ʒ [t͡ɕ]17 [d͡ʑ]18 c͡ç ɟʝ            
Lateral approximant       l [l̥]19     ʎ [ʎ̥]20           ɫ [ɫ̥]21
Lateral fricative       ɬ ɮ                  
Approximant             j j̥ ʍ w         ɥ ɥ̥
Trill       r r: [r̥]22                  
  1. Adjacent to voiceless phonemes and finally, allophone of /m/
  2. Adjacent to v, allophone of /m/
  3. Adjacent to f, allophone of /m/
  4. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally, allophone of /n/
  5. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /n/
  6. Before g, allophone of /n/
  7. Before k, allophone of /ŋ/
  8. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /k/
  9. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /g:/
  10. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /ʃ/
  11. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /ʒ/
  12. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /χ/
  13. Before j or a front vowel
  14. Adjacent to a plosive, allophone of /h/
  15. Between vowels, allophone of /g:/
  16. Between vowels
  17. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /t͡ʃ/
  18. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /d͡ʒ/
  19. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally, allophone of /l/
  20. Before j or a front vowel, allophone of /l/
  21. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally, allophone of /ɫ/
  22. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally, allophone of /r/
Close i i: y y:   ɨ   ɯ ɯ: u u:
Near-close   ɪ   ʊ  
Close-mid e ø ø:       ɤ ɤ: o
Mid     ə    
Open-mid ɛ ɛ:       ɔ ɔ:
Near-open æ æ:        
Open a a:       ɑ ɑ:
Polyphthongs øy au ai əʊ əɪ æy
Below is the orthography for Legim. This includes all graphemes as defined in the language's phonology settings - excluding the non-distinct graphemes/polygraphs.
Aa/a/Ää/ə/Āā/a:/Áá/ɑ/Ââ/ɑ:/AE ae/əɪ/AI ai/aɪ/AÍ aí/ai/AO ao/əʊ/AU au/aʊ/AÚ aú/au/
AÜ aü/æy/Bb/b/Cc/t͡s/Ċċ/t͡ʃ/ĊĊ ċċ/t͡ʃ:/Dd/d/Ḍḍ/d͡z/DD dd/d:/Ee/e/Ëë/ɤ/Éé/ɛ/
Ēē/ɛ:/Êê/ɤ:/EÜ eü/øy/Ff/f/FF ff/ɸ/Ĝĝ/d͡ʒ/Gg/g/Ġġ[ɣ]1GG gg/g:/GJ gj/ɟʝ/Ḥḥ/ħ/
Hh/h/HF hf/ɸ/ḤḤ ḥḥ/ħ:/HJ hj/j̥/HM hm[m̥]2HN hn[n̥]3HV hv/β/Íí/i/Ïï/ɯ/Ii/ɪ/Īī/i:/
Îî/ɯ:/Jj/j/Kk/k/Ḳḳ[x]4KJ kj/c͡ç/KK kk/k:/Ḷḷ/ɫ/Ll/l/, [l̥]5LL ll/ɮ/, [ɫ̥]6Mm/m/Nn/n/
Ṇṇ[ŋ]7NN nn/n:/Ōō/ɔ:/Öö/ø/Oo/o/Óó/ɔ/Ôô/ø:/Pp/p/Qq/q/QQ qq/q:/Q̇ q̇[χ]8
Rr/r/RR rr/r:/Ss/s/Ṡṡ/ʃ/SS ss/s:/ṠṠ ṡṡ/ʃ:/Tt/t/TT tt/t:/Üü/y/Úú/u/Uu/ʊ/
Ûû/y:/Ūū/u:/Vv/v/VV vv/β/Ww/w/Ẋẋ/ʁ/Xx/ɢ/XX xx/ɢ:/Yy/ɨ/Zz/z/Żż/ʒ/
ZZ zz/z:/Ææ/æ/Ǣǣ/æ:/Ðð/ð/Þþ/θ/ÞÞ þþ/θ:/
✖ Unknown alphabetical order
  1. Between vowels
  2. Adjacent to voiceless phonemes and finally
  3. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally
  4. Adjacent to a plosive
  5. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally
  6. Adjacent to a voiceless phoneme and finally
  7. Before g
  8. Between vowels
Latest 8 related articles listed below.
Pnapaic declensions 01-Oct-18 09:39
Typological information for Legim

Noun numbersSingular/Plural
Number of nominal casesEight cases or more
Number of pronominal casesEight cases or more
Primary writing systemLatin (Extended)

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