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Moodish things in Lonish
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This article discusses moods and verbal aspects in Lonish
This public article was written by birble, and last updated on 5 Jan 2016, 16:48.

[comments]
5. fire
12. wiki yo
Menu 1. Moods in Lonish 2. Notes for the -î- infix 3. List of mood particles
[top]Moods in Lonish


Lonish contains various moods, which differ from the indicative, a mood in itself, through the infix of -î- between the stem of the verb and the declination. For example, the verb turan, send, when declined to the 3rd person singular masculine perfectum becomes tur-âno (he has sent), while if a mood would be indicated for this verb, it becomes tur-î-âno, which still means he has sent on its own. This is where the different moods of Lonish come into play.
Through the addition of mood particles, this "limbo" verb, hovering between moods gains additional meaning.

[top]Notes for the -î- infix


There are however a couple of footnotes with the infixing of -î-.

Firstly, Lonish contains several verbs that end in -îan, for example hûntîan, to eat. Adding an additional -î- to these verbs merges the two, becoming -i-.

For example:

hûntîo / he eats
hûntio / he eats (limbo mood)

Similarly, there's verbs that end in -ian, such as êzvian, to survive. Adding the -î- infix to this verb makes the combination -iî- become -iêh-. (Note that this only happens with the mood indicating <î>, most other grammatical occurances of -iî- remain as they would grammatically be.)

For example:

êzviusâ / I will survive
êzviêhusâ / I will survive (limbo mood)

Secondly, the declination for Lonish's plusquamperfect (I had done things) starts with -in. Giving a verb in the plusquamperfect a mood might be rather uncommon, but would this happen, there would be no modifications to the formula normally.

For example:

ktêrinâ / I had conquered
ktêrîina / I had conquered (limbo mood)

Finally, in the case a verb ending in either -îan or -ian is declined to the plusquamperfect, the -î- infix is not applied.

For example:

êzvina / she had survived
êzvina / she had survived (limbo mood)


[top]List of mood particles

Note: I haven't bothered to look up the grammarological names for most of these yet

These are the mood particles in Lonish. They are always directly in front of the verb using the -î- infix. Note that these may also be freely negated by use of the prefix pêd-.

ParticleUsage
iUsed to indicate the beginning of an action.
imêUsed to indicate the agent is allowed to undertake an action.
îtUsed to indicate the ending of an action.
kêzUsed to indicate an action that is continuously being repeated. (in several actions)
kirUsed to indicate the agent is planning to undertake an action.
kîêUsed to indicate an action that is constantaneously occuring (in one action)
kviUsed to indicate the agent is asked about an action.
Used to indicate the agent wishes for an action.
pîiUsed to indicate something forces the agent to undertake an action.
Used to indicate the agent is able to undertake an action.
purUsed to indicate the agent is through their rank required to do something.
terUsed to indicate an action that is not realistic (irrealis)
tilMuch alike , used to indicate the agent wishes for an action.
triUsed to indicate an action is required for another action (often preceded by ter) to occur.
ugUsed to indicate an action that is not entirely certainly happening.
Used to indicate an action the agent must do, but instead doesn't (yet). (should)


Comments (3)
[link] [quote] 09-Sep-16 15:12
ȦA Priori Conlangers
For those whose languages are as original as them!
 xroooox 
I think it's nice that you have a whole set of particles that work for mood and aspect. Can this be combined? like, 'ime i V' for "to be allowed to begin X", or 'ter pîi ît V' for "to be unrealistic that X's made to finish V". How would that work?
[link] [quote] 05-Jan-16 16:50
ФMaakpauean
Ángialuma !
 severy [ADMIN] [CWSP STAFF]  
i - inceptive aspect
ime - permissive mood
it - cessative aspect
kez - repetetive aspect
kir - idk
kie - continuative aspect
kvi - idk
pe - optative mood, desiderative mood, other options
pii - causative of some type
po - capacitative mood
pur - ~necessitative mood
ter - only irrealis if by "not realistic" you mean "doesn't happen in reality"
til - optative/desiderative
tri - idk
ug - idk
zu - debitive mood
[link] [quote] 05-Jan-16 16:46
ÄNatural Languages
For those who study natural languages - so probably everyone
 Jute [STAFF]
"Used to indicate the beginning of an action."
"Used to indicate the ending of an action."
"Used to indicate an action that is continuously being repeated. (in several actions)"
"Used to indicate an action that is constantaneously occuring (in one action)"

These are actually verbal aspects rather than moods. Other than that, not bad.
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