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Syntax
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This public article was written by [Deactivated User], and last updated on 27 May 2023, 15:24.

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[Public] ? ?
4. numbers ? ?
6. Retenia ? ?
9. Syntax ? ?
11. Verbs ? ?
Menu 1. The noun phrase 2. The clause
[edit] [top]The noun phrase

The noun phrase follow this unchangeable order :
possessive - numerals - adjective modifier adverb - adjective - NOUN - plural clitic - demonstrative - case clitic

Examples:

まく ばねエ ざオ まン けざ
maku ban zaw may keza
1SFirst person singular (person)
speaker, signer, etc.; I
.PNPronoun-POSSPossessive (case)
owns, has
five very big copybook
my five very big copybooks

ざオ まン けざ ギ と
zaw may keza ji to
very big copybook PLPlural (number)
more than one/few
PROXProximal (proximity)
close to speaker
.DEMDemonstrative
e.g. this/ that

those very big copybooks

[edit] [top]The clause

The most common word order is SOV. However, this order can change following the focus but this is not mandatory. In poetry, it's possible to freely change the clause's word order for esthetic reasons

Example with a simple phrase:

ぴる モ そか え はマせ.
Piru yo soka e hayase.
Piru NOMNominative (case)
TRANS subject, INTR argument
salmon ACCAccusative (case)
TRANS direct object; patient
eat(INDIndicative mood (mood)
a common form of realis
)-3AThird person animate (person)
he/she/they, not it
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity

Piru (Peter) eat salmon

Soka e Piru yo hayase.
For example to answer the question: who eat salmon?

Piru yo hayase soka e.
For example to answer the question: what does Piru do to salmons?

Soka e hayase Piru yo.
Hayase Piru yo soka e.



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