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Deinau comparatives
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This public article was written by xroooox, and last updated on 26 Jul 2018, 02:57.

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Deinau's comparatives are formed with a series of transitive verbs that show the degree of comparison.

·Ŋímelzikip spúunig an uùṣŋag eẓuta.
·ŋí-melzik-p
CLClassifier
quantifies and/or replaces nouns
-steel-ERGErgative (case)
TRANS subject; agent
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.DEFDefinite
"the"
s-púuni-g
CLClassifier
quantifies and/or replaces nouns
-feather-ERGErgative (case)
TRANS subject; agent
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.INDFIndefinite
a nonspecific referent
an
POSSPossessive (case)
owns, has
.CLClassifier
quantifies and/or replaces nouns
.3Third person (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
ù-aṣuŋ-ag
NMZNominaliser
makes other word a noun
-heavy-NMZNominaliser
makes other word a noun
.OBLOblique (argument)
indirect or demoted object
eẓu-ta
3Third person (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
.exceed-IPFVImperfective (aspect)
'interrupted or incomplete'

Steel is heavier than feathers.

To form superlatives the verbs xx and yy are nominalized and then are turned into predicates.

·Ŋimelzik ùuṣŋag eẓugduta.
·ŋi-melzik
CLClassifier
quantifies and/or replaces nouns
-steel.ABSAbsolutive (case)
TRANS object, INTR argument
.SGSingular (number)
one countable entity
.DEFDefinite
"the"
ù-aṣuŋ-ag
NMZNominaliser
makes other word a noun
-heavy-NMZNominaliser
makes other word a noun
.ACCAccusative (case)
TRANS direct object; patient
eẓu-g-du-ta
3Third person (person)
neither speaker nor addressee
.exceed-NMZNominaliser
makes other word a noun
-PREDPredicative
expressions typically following a copula
-IPFVImperfective (aspect)
'interrupted or incomplete'

Steel is the heaviest
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