Greetings Guest
home > library > journal > view_article
« Back to Articles » Journal
Noun classifiers and demonstratives
0▲ 0 ▼ 0
This public article was written by xroooox on 17 Mar 2019, 19:27.

[comments] Menu 1. Possessive classifiers 2. Demostrative
This article is a work in progress! Check back later in case any changes have occurred.

[top]Possessive classifiers

Possession of nouns is marked with a classifier that codes person and number with almost the same suffixes of the relational nouns above.


2° formal-s-s-a-s-i
2° informal-t-t-a-t-i

These are also used in combination with a relational noun as posessive pronouns. In this construction third person is marked by frontness. Some of this classifiers have an special third person form with a velar and/or nasal consonant.

Sa: animates
di(n): cattle
zhle: older kinship
zhe: younger kinship
do(k): servant
mla: round/mass
ta(ŋ): long
bu(g): poultry, birds
ŧe: younger people.
ŧuu(ŋ): food
mo(g): organ (internal part of the body)
da(ŋ): aperture
đla: building
ki: place
ka(m): book, paper
am: upper body clothes
·dune: limb
man: flat object
u: action denominalization


2° formalsassasasasi
2° informalsatsatasati


2° formalbusbusabusi
2° informalbutbutabuti

·Zázotpad sal nùnlokup ŧuuŋ gaasta.
My dogs are eating their meat.

Sal baz ·ŧuuŋ iz gaasta.
Mine* are eating theirs°.
* Animate ° Food

Ápun źlel ·zázotpad sas nunlokup ŧuuŋ peztà.
My brother's dogs' meat is rotten.


The demostrative is formed with the same root, but it looses person and number marking. They also can receive the proximal and distal preffixes, ba- and s-. Nouns with a demostrative must be definite.

·Zázotpad sa nùnlokup smla gaasta.
These dogs are eating this meat.

Saŋmasam plúźmup bamla kaanistaa.
The bats are flying inside that cave

Comments (0)
privacy | FAQs | rules | statistics | graphs | donate | api (indev)
Viewing CWS in: English | Time now is 30-Mar-20 07:28 | Δt: 71.033ms