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Noun predicates
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This public article was written by xroooox, and last updated on 11 May 2018, 14:59.

[comments] Menu 1. Identity and class 2. Part of a whole 3. Location 4. Existential
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[top]Identity and class

There main form of forming a predicative is with the derivative suffixes -u/-du for animates/inanimates. See
There is a copula, bel, used when x, y and z.

[top]Part of a whole

·muṣk

[top]Location

·(ŋ)lo
The general locative verb is ·ŋlo/·lo. The nasal form is used when there is no prefix added, and the other one when they appear. There are three prefixes that can appear in the verb: s-, proximal; b-, distal; and t-, which forms the existential (see below). The location is in locative case, the figure in absolutive. To add a specific place or spatial relation postpositions are used.

Pobuŋ mlagaassuŋ oŋ ŋlotà.
The ball is on the table

Pobuŋ mlagaassuŋ oŋ slotà.
The ball is here on the table.

Pobuŋ slotà.
The ball is here.

Pobuŋ mlagaassuŋ oŋ blotà.
The ball is there on the table.

[top]Existential

The existential uses the locative copula prefixed with t-. This prefix may also appear with the copula bel (contracted to tel). The lo form was used when a locative noun phrase was used, the other existencial being more general. Now it has almost replaced it, and the form tel- is used in formal registers.

Pobuŋug mlagaassuŋ oŋ tlotà.
There is a ball on the table.

tel

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